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Internationalising HE - challenges and responses John Fielden, CHEMS Consulting.

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Presentation on theme: "Internationalising HE - challenges and responses John Fielden, CHEMS Consulting."— Presentation transcript:

1 Internationalising HE - challenges and responses John Fielden, CHEMS Consulting

2 UCET. 6th October 2008 Our agenda Aim: to describe what internationalisation is, to show what UK universities are doing as regards internationalisation, to identify the key issues and to describe some of the management challenges.

3 UCET. 6th October 2008 Some of the big questions What does internationalisation mean? Why are universities doing it? What are their strategies and motives? Is I. at Home the poor relation? How do we improve student mobility? How does one get international partnerships right? How is the I. process managed?

4 UCET. 6th October 2008 The classic definition Internationalisation is the process of integrating an international/inter cultural dimension into the teaching, research and service functions of the institution. Knight, J. (1994) Internationalisation: elements and checkpoints.Ottawa. Canadian Bureau for International Education.

5 UCET. 6th October 2008 Key definitions Internationalisation abroad – flows of staff and students in both directions, strategic alliances, joint programmes with overseas institutions, overseas campuses. Internationalisation at home – reform of curriculum and teaching method, study abroad, recruiting international staff, Bologna, study and social support for international students.

6 UCET. 6th October 2008 An internationalised university An international mix of students An international mix of teaching and research staff Curricula that are culturally independent, where relevant Domestic students that study abroad International collaborations in T & R that may involve business partners Commitment to development work.

7 UCET. 6th October 2008 Implications of this A long process Involves everyone; all students, all staff Curriculum is affected On campus activities Off campus relationships in community Global research activity Teaching partnerships of all kinds

8 UCET. 6th October 2008 Why universities are internationalising I. is a key element in achieving/maintaining world class status. Creation of strategic partnerships with peers globally. Ensuring students graduate with ability to live as global citizens. Preparing students for employment in a multi- cultural/international environment. Positioning the university to contribute to solving global problems – pay its debt to society.

9 UCET. 6th October 2008 Top reasons for internationalising in Canada 94%Prepare internationally knowledgeable graduates 62%Build strategic alliances with institutions abroad 54%Promote innovation in curriculum and diversity of programs 35%Ensure research and scholarship address international issues 35%Respond to Canadas labour market needs Source: AUCC 2006 internationalisation survey update

10 UCET. 6th October 2008 Why are we doing it? Leiden University: Internationalisation as a quality enhancement that: *attracts excellent students and staff *adds dimension of intercultural adaptability for both staff and students *Produces better graduates *makes a better academic environment Source: Dr Robert Coelen, Vice President International

11 UCET. 6th October 2008 Conflicting strategies? University-centred: An I strategy that is focussed on improving the universitys profile globally and getting it accepted an a truly world class research institution. Student-centred: An I strategy that is focussed on students – ensuring that they acquire an understanding of other cultures and graduate with an international outlook.

12 UCET. 6th October 2008 I. Strategies - 1 IoE, London –Identify countries of greatest strategic interest to our mission and prioritise activities accordingly –Strengthen knowledge and understanding of education systems outside the UK –Embrace different pedagogical cultures –Be strategic in developing partnerships

13 UCET. 6th October 2008 I. Strategies - 2 Citys International Strategy Our vision is to be celebrated as Londons premiere internationalist university for professional policy, practice and applied research, dedicated to preparing students for global careers and working with global practitioners, and research and teaching partners Source: City University Senate Papers. May 2006

14 UCET. 6th October 2008 Internationalisation at home What does I. at home mean? Is it the same in every institution? (London Met vs Exeter?) How does one do it? By formal means (curriculum) or informal (social)? Does everyone understand what internationalising the curriculum means? How can I. students and home students inter- relate better? How give I. students a better on campus experience?

15 UCET. 6th October 2008 Outward student mobility Poor record of the UK in numbers that study abroad (US and Australia as bad) Change in student composition is a key factor limiting mobility Blockages are strategic, staff-related, resource- related, and personal to individuals. There are ways of removing the blockages (cf. UCLs 25%) See Global Horizons for UK students (CIHE for DIUS, July 2007)

16 UCET. 6th October 2008 International partnerships A key feature of most I. strategies Three levels of partnership: –One. Strategic, centrally funded –Two. Faculty level, faculty funded –Three. Individual, often one to one.

17 UCET. 6th October 2008 How do you get international partnerships right? Strategic partnerships require central involvement and monitoring. Ditto for any with QAA/student exchanges. Selecting strategic partners for the institution – what criteria? How does one deepen the partnership? How are they best managed? Top down?

18 UCET. 6th October 2008 Managing the internationalisation process Can something so all-embracing be managed centrally? What is the role of the responsible SMT member? How should the professional support be structured? How will we know when we have succeeded? (particularly if we have a student- centred strategy)

19 UCET. 6th October 2008 Committees and co-ordination International Board (oversees the strategy) Chaired by SMT person responsible and Includes other PVCs (eg: PVC (R)) Country working groups (eg China, India) to co-ordinate and inform Specialist advisers for particular countries/regions Assistant Deans (International) in faculties

20 UCET. 6th October 2008 So many support services involved Internation- alisation Welfare support FinanceAlumni Marketing and PR English Language Human Resources EstatesCareers Research Office Knowledge transfer

21 UCET. 6th October 2008 The expanding International Office I. MarketingI. EnquiriesI. AdmissionsStudent support Managing partnerships Staff travel and research Welfare for students Exchanges and study abroad English language support Managing overseas offices Responsibility for Intl strategy Alumni relations Incoming visitors and Intl PR Due diligence on partners Global employability I. at home oversight

22 UCET. 6th October 2008 Conclusions Internationalisation is a question of embedding a culture throughout. Achieving it is a long haul. Partnerships are central, and are rarely achieved just from the top down. Managing internationalisation requires an element of rigour (targets, some central monitoring etc)

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