BENEFITS OF COOPERATIVE LEARNING Academic Benefits Increased achievement and increased retention of knowledge Improved critical reasoning skills Greater use of higher level thinking skills Improves attitudes toward learning, subject area knowledge and school Increased on-task behavior Stronger intrinsic motivation to learn
AFFECTIVE BENEFITS More positive attitudes toward teachers and other school personnel Higher self esteem Less disruptive behavior Improves social interaction with peers Greater collaboration skills Increased ability to view things from another’s perspective
Positive Interdependence Individual Accountability Face to Face interaction Group Processing Interpersonal and small group skills KEY ELEMENTS OF COOPERATIVE LEARN
POSITIVE INTERDEPENDENCE Students NEED each other to complete the task. This can be accomplished through: Mutual goals (each person must succeed to be successful) Joint rewards (rewarded for performance of EACH group member) Shared Materials and information Assigned roles
Face to Face Interaction Key is careful structuring so that verbal interaction is essential.
Individual Accountability Success means EVERY member learns the material Individual learning MUST be assessed Example--individual exams OR select one exam to count as grade for the group OR select one member to answer a question for entire group
Interpersonal and Small Group Skills Teachers must teach interpersonal skills such as: Communication Leadership Trust Decision Making Conflict
Group Processing Teach strategies and give groups time to analyze the functioning of their groups. Feedback from the teacher. Student observers use observation instruments and give feedback to the group.