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B45, Second Half - The Technology of Skill Formation 1 The Economics of the Public Sector – Second Half Topic 8 – Analysis of Human Capital Policies Interventions.

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Presentation on theme: "B45, Second Half - The Technology of Skill Formation 1 The Economics of the Public Sector – Second Half Topic 8 – Analysis of Human Capital Policies Interventions."— Presentation transcript:

1 B45, Second Half - The Technology of Skill Formation 1 The Economics of the Public Sector – Second Half Topic 8 – Analysis of Human Capital Policies Interventions in the Adolescent Years

2 B45, Second Half - The Technology of Skill Formation 2 Interventions in Adolescent Years How effective are interventions in the adolescent years? Is it possible to remedy the consequences of neglect in the early years? These questions are relevant because cognitive abilities are fairly well determined and stable by ages 8 to 9 in the sense that IQ at later ages is highly correlated with IQ at those ages.

3 B45, Second Half - The Technology of Skill Formation 3 Just as early intervention programs have a high payoff primarily because of the social skills and motivation they impart to the child and the improved home environment they produce, so do interventions that operate during the adolescent years, and for many of the same reasons.

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6 6 The evidence on these programs suggests that sustained interventions targeted at adolescents still enrolled in school can positively affect learning and subsequent employment and earnings. These studies also suggest that interventions for school dropouts are much less successful, although they do not reveal why.

7 B45, Second Half - The Technology of Skill Formation 7 We dont know whether it is not possible to improve life outcomes of these dropouts if we intervene before they do drop out, or whether these individuals have such low motivation and ability levels that no program will have an effect, even if it takes place before they drop out. However it is important to remember that these interventions can only alleviate, not reverse, the early damage caused by bad family environments.


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