Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Solar-B EIS Preliminary Design Review 6-7 July 2000 CCD Camera Design Chris McFee Mullard Space Science Laboratory.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Solar-B EIS Preliminary Design Review 6-7 July 2000 CCD Camera Design Chris McFee Mullard Space Science Laboratory."— Presentation transcript:

1 Solar-B EIS Preliminary Design Review 6-7 July 2000 CCD Camera Design Chris McFee Mullard Space Science Laboratory

2 Solar-B EIS Preliminary Design Review 6-7 July 2000 Introduction Science drivers for CCD camera design; CCD features; Camera Mechanical Design; Camera Electronic Design; Camera Design Trade Offs; Challenges; Test Plan and Facilities;

3 Solar-B EIS Preliminary Design Review 6-7 July 2000 CCD Camera Assembly The Camera Assembly consists of: Focal Plane Assembly (FPA). –Two CCDs at focal plane; –Mechanical mounting of CCDs at focal plane; Read Out Electronics. Three Flight Model CCDs procured with option for further CCDs. Three Engineering models and six Commercial Devices.

4 Solar-B EIS Preliminary Design Review 6-7 July 2000 CCD Camera Requirements HeadingRequirementCamera Implications Spectral resolutionHighCCD pixel size 13.5µm. Minimisation of charge transfer inefficiency. Minimisation of the effects of radiation induced dark noise. Spatial resolutionEqual to or less than 2CCD pixel size 13.5µm.

5 Solar-B EIS Preliminary Design Review 6-7 July 2000 CCD Camera Requirements HeadingRequirementCamera implications Temporal Resolution High temporal resolution for both imaging and spectroscopy Readout speed of 500 kpixels/s. On chip windowing. Provision of dump drain. Wavelength rangeTwo wavelength ranges Two CCDs. Backthinned to maximise QE

6 Solar-B EIS Preliminary Design Review 6-7 July 2000 CCD Camera Requirements HeadingRequirementCamera Implications Read outRead out fractions of the CCD Windowing will be implemented Read out in fractions of a second Readout speed of 500 kpixels/s On chip windowing Provision of dump drain

7 Solar-B EIS Preliminary Design Review 6-7 July 2000 CCD features Marconi (EEV) 42-20; Size – 2048x1024 (13.5µm square pixels); MPP device (dark noise ~ C); Basic backthining process - ~80% QE; Electronic readnoise ~ 5/6 electrons; Full well - ~90k electrons (~7000 photons); Two readout amplifiers per CCD.

8 Solar-B EIS Preliminary Design Review 6-7 July 2000 CCD Camera Mechanical design CCDs mechanically supported at Focal plane; CCDs bonded to individual invar plates; These invar plates then attached to backplates built at MSSL; Can be moved in two dimensions for alignment; CCDs connected to ROE by short cable to minimise noise pickup.

9 Solar-B EIS Preliminary Design Review 6-7 July 2000 CCD Camera Design Operating temperature -55 °C; CCD can be heated to +30 °C to remove contamination; Three phase clocking; Up to two windows per CCD; Gain ~ 5.5 electrons per DN; Binning in spatial and spectral direction; Dumping of unwanted lines; Programmable voltages to minimise the effects of ionising radiation damage; Overclocking for testing, offset bias determination, etc. Stim patterns for testing; Flat fielding/Pre flash LEDs.

10 Solar-B EIS Preliminary Design Review 6-7 July 2000 CCD Camera Design Status monitoring. –CCD temperatures; –Current monitoring of supply lines; –Voltage monitoring of supply lines; –Monitor voltage of substrate bias, reset drain bias and output drain bias; –Reflect back register values for check.

11 Solar-B EIS Preliminary Design Review 6-7 July 2000 CCD Camera Design Science data via high speed link Communication with ICU via LVDS 16 Mbits/s for each data link Commands and Status information via low speed 9.6 k baud

12 Solar-B EIS Preliminary Design Review 6-7 July 2000 CCD Camera Design Window counters Image clocks Readout clocks CCD bias Variable bias Vrd, Vod, Vss CCD 0 CCD 1 Sync Sample and convert logic Parallel to Serial conversion Pre-amplificationADC High Speed Link Low Speed Link Science data Commands and status

13 Solar-B EIS Preliminary Design Review 6-7 July 2000 CCD Camera Design Trade Offs Operating temperature – low operating temperature to minimise dark current and the potential effects of radiation damage. But very low temperatures difficult to obtain without major redesign of radiator, requires use of MPP device but this lowers the full well capacity Shielding – maximise shielding to minimise radiation damage but this will add mass. Use of programmable voltages minimises the effects of this damage.

14 Solar-B EIS Preliminary Design Review 6-7 July 2000 CCD Camera Design Trade Offs Read Out Rates. –500 kpixels/s baselined. Faster readouts are difficult to achieve in current power budget and design and faster readout also increases CCD readout noise; On Chip windowing. –Design of electronics is greatly simplified by reducing the number of windows that are available; Mass –Shielding.

15 Solar-B EIS Preliminary Design Review 6-7 July 2000 CCD Camera Challenges Cleanliness – EUV demands extreme cleanliness; –All operations will use at least a class 100 cleanroom or better, high standards from GOES-SXI programme adopted with great care taken to eliminate molecular contamination; Readout speed – current designs 330 kpixels/s; –500 kpixels/s and 14 bit digitisation challenging but achievable; Physically fitting electronics within the ROE box constraints.

16 Solar-B EIS Preliminary Design Review 6-7 July 2000 CCD Camera Test Plan Read out electronics –Verification of correct functionality –Optimisation of design with CCD –Read out noise –Validate grounding CCD characterisation –Establish and Monitor chamber cleanliness levels –Defects, hot pixels, QE Integration with spectrometer

17 Solar-B EIS Preliminary Design Review 6-7 July 2000 Current CCD Camera Test Facilities Camera Test Facilities based on Facilities developed for GOES/SXI; –(large amount of redundancy available)

18 Solar-B EIS Preliminary Design Review 6-7 July 2000 Current CCD Camera Test Facilities CCD Focal plane Assembly Preamps Clock level shifters Bias Control box Control of CCD bias voltages Monitor CCD voltages Control image clocks PC 500 MHz, 128Mb ram DAC card CCD bias control ADC Card CCD bias monitoring DMA Card MSSL built ISA Card Control of clocking Receive CCD data via high speed link (5.2 MHz) Generate CCD commands via low speed link (64 kbaud) Generate bilevel command lines and receive status lines Read out Electronics Card 1: CCD bias supplies Power switching Amp-cds-adc Card 2: Clock pulse generator Card 3: Interface to PC (FIFO-PISO-HSL)

19 Solar-B EIS Preliminary Design Review 6-7 July 2000 CCD Camera Schedule CCD Camera completed 20 December 2000; PM delivery 12 March 2001.

20 Solar-B EIS Preliminary Design Review 6-7 July 2000 Summary Resolution. –pixel size 13.5µm. –MPP device to minimise dark current; Temporal resolution. –Readout rate 500 kpixels/s; –Dump drain facility; –On-chip windowing; –Two readout amplifiers per CCD.


Download ppt "Solar-B EIS Preliminary Design Review 6-7 July 2000 CCD Camera Design Chris McFee Mullard Space Science Laboratory."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google