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© Keele university 2003 Web Authoring 1 Keele University Stephen Bostock, Staff Development Web Authoring for Teaching Keele All rights reserved. The copyright in this document is vested in Keele University. The document must not be reproduced by any means, in whole or in part, or used for manufacturing purposes, except with the prior written permission of Keele University and then only on condition that this notice is included in any such reproduction. Information contained in this document is believed to be accurate at the time of publication, but no liability whatsoever can be accepted by Keele University arising out of any use made of this information. Under the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988, Stephen Bostock asserts the moral right to be identified as author of this work.
© Keele university 2003 Web Authoring 2 Overview Aim: to be able to select appropriate authoring tools in the light of issues for web authoring. Types of web authoring tools FrontPage 2000 and Dreamweaver Three issues Staff time Usability Accessibility
© Keele university 2003 Web Authoring 3 Difficulties in selecting a development tool Many tools are available, versions change frequently, and information is usually sales information – independent advice is hard to find. Three categories of criteria are: 1.Functionality – what can it do? Is a development tool suited to the kind of web are you producing? The browsers to be used? 2. What interface does it have for the author? Is HTML knowledge required? 3. Organizational factors and cost.
© Keele university 2003 Web Authoring 4 Types of Web authoring tools 1. Text editors e.g. Notepad 2. Specialist text editors e.g. htmlasst 3. Office applications 4. Web page editors e.g. Composer 5. Web site editors e.g. FrontPage, NetObjects Fusion, HotMetal, Dreamweaver 6. Web site generators e.g. CALnet, HTMLgen, 7. Database generation, static and dynamic 8. Adobe Acrobat pdf documents
© Keele university 2003 Web Authoring 5 1. Text editors e.g.Notepad
© Keele university 2003 Web Authoring 6 2. Specialist HTML editors e.g. HTML assistant
© Keele university 2003 Web Authoring 7 3. Office e.g.Word, after Save As HTML
© Keele university 2003 Web Authoring 8 PowerPoint Save as Web page, Publish
© Keele university 2003 Web Authoring 9 PowerPoint2000 – web page
© Keele university 2003 Web Authoring Web page editors e.g.Netscape Composer
© Keele university 2003 Web Authoring 11 Notepad after editing in Composer
© Keele university 2003 Web Authoring Web site editors e.g. FrontPage 2000
© Keele university 2003 Web Authoring 13
© Keele university 2003 Web Authoring 14 FrontPage navigation view
© Keele university 2003 Web Authoring 15 FrontPage, links view
© Keele university 2003 Web Authoring 16 FrontPage example theme
© Keele university 2003 Web Authoring 17 Summary of FrontPage FrontPage 2000 can be an effective site management tool FrontPage 2000 gives a number of useful views and facilities for web site management by multiple authors Some of these facilities require software extensions (ASP, FrontPage Extensions) to be added to the web server
© Keele university 2003 Web Authoring 18 Dreamweaver 4
© Keele university 2003 Web Authoring 19
© Keele university 2003 Web Authoring 20 Dreamweaver and FrontPage Dreamweaver is harder to learn, requires more knowledge and is somewhat more powerful. Instead of FrontPage Themes Dreamweaver has Template pages and library items. Dreamweaver will not alter your HTML except to correct it, FrontPage does. Dreamweaver does not have FrontPage extensions but these require web server software, most easily on MS web servers. Other Macromedia products like Flash integrate well.
© Keele university 2003 Web Authoring 21 Net objects Fusion, page view
© Keele university 2003 Web Authoring 22 Net objects Fusion, site view
© Keele university 2003 Web Authoring CALnet
© Keele university 2003 Web Authoring CALnet HTML output
© Keele university 2003 Web Authoring Web site generator e.g. Webgen
© Keele university 2003 Web Authoring Web site generator e.g. Webgen
© Keele university 2003 Web Authoring Database generation - Access Static sites generated by using Access menus (e.g. Criminology Department resource room records) Visual Basic code (e.g. Links pages on Stephen Bostocks site) Dynamic sites where web pages are created on the fly from a database. Requires a web server supporting e.g. ASP.
© Keele university 2003 Web Authoring 28 Web site from Visual Basic in Access
© Keele university 2003 Web Authoring 29 The web site generated
© Keele university 2003 Web Authoring Acrobat pdf from Word
© Keele university 2003 Web Authoring 31 Acrobat slides from Powerpoint
© Keele university 2003 Web Authoring 32 PowerPoint Handouts as.pdf files
© Keele university 2003 Web Authoring 33 Issues: Ease of creation and maintenance 1.Drop the original files into the ltr module folder and let the automatic index provide the menu (use long descriptive file names) 2.Hand edit (with Notepad or Composer) individual pages and link them 3.Use FrontPage or similar for a larger web, re- using a module template
© Keele university 2003 Web Authoring 34 automatic menu
© Keele university 2003 Web Authoring 35 Issues: Usability Can students find and access the information they want? On campus, at home? Careful about linking, descriptive anchors Consistent navigation across a web Version control – period of use, date last edited, web page list, log of updates Short pages, minimise scrolling, no horizontal scrolling No rolling animations Provide alternative file types if there is a problem with one e.g. Acrobat
© Keele university 2003 Web Authoring 36 Issues: Accessibility SENDA is in force and applies to web information Special pages or one design-for-all? Several sources of standards and guidance but: Keep page layout simple Use Heading levels and lists to structure Pale plain backgrounds, strong text contrast Text alternatives for pictures, animations etc. Works without graphics Text resizing Works without mouse
© Keele university 2003 Web Authoring 37 References MacKnight C. & Balagopalan S An evaluation tool for measuring authoring system performance. Comm. of the ACM 32 (10) Hunka, S 1989 Design guidelines for CAI authoring systems Educational Technology 29 (11) More detail on choosing authoring tools: Links on authoring tools: Accessibility source: review_web_accessibility.htm
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