Presentation on theme: "Tissues, Organs, and Systems The Human Body Video."— Presentation transcript:
Tissues, Organs, and Systems The Human Body Video
2 Organization of Your Body There are four levels of organization, it is called a HIERARCHY. 1. Cells; 2. Tissues; 3. Organs; 4. Organ Systems. Bodies of vertebrates (animals with spines) are composed of different cell types -Humans have 210
5 Organization of Your Body Organization Structure Diagram Smallest Level Largest Level
How Cells, Tissues, and Organ Systems Work. PartCellsTissuesOrgansOrgan Systems such as Circulatory Diagram Notes Cells are all different. Each cell has a job. For example a red blood cells job is to carry oxygen to the rest of the body. Tissues like blood and skin are collections of cells working together to keep life in motion. Organs like the heart, brain, liver, and skin are all collections of tissues. The tissue contains many functions to keep the organs alive. The organs all work together to sustain life and create and organ system. This group of organs transport blood and the nutrients in blood through out the body. This group of organs work together and become an organ system. Certain cells perform certain functions. When two cells perform similar functions they are both organized into tissues. For example: A tissue like a skin tissue contain a collection of cells that are highly specialized and are designed to do their job by creating new cells and absorbing the nutrients to keep the skin healthy. If the cells in our skin didn’t fight off infection we would die due to the infection passing through our skin into our body.
3 Organization of Your Body 1. **You have enough basic information on what a Cell is, so lets move on… 2. Tissues:. 2. Tissues:. A tissue is a family of cells that live very close together, and work hard to do the same jobs. Many tissues come together to form what biologists call an organ In adult vertebrates, there are four primary tissues: In adult vertebrates, there are four primary tissues: - Epithelial, - Epithelial, - Connective, - Connective, - Muscle, - Muscle, - Nerve Tissue. - Nerve Tissue. All preform different bodily functions, thus are different cells.
6 Epithelial Tissue Epithelial Tissue: Epithelial Tissue: Separates, protects, and keeps organs in place. Separates, protects, and keeps organs in place. Covers the body surface and forms the lining of most organs. Covers the body surface and forms the lining of most organs. Ex: Skin (epidermis) Ex: Skin (epidermis) Layer of skins Layer of skins
7 Connective Tissue Connective Tissue Connective Tissue Provides support and structure to the body, also fills spaces. Provides support and structure to the body, also fills spaces. The most abundant tissue in the human body. The most abundant tissue in the human body. Ex: Blood, bones, cartilage, and fat. Ex: Blood, bones, cartilage, and fat.
8 Muscle Tissue Muscle Tissue -Contracts and relaxes to support movement. Muscle Tissue -Contracts and relaxes to support movement. Three types: Skeletal, smooth, and cardiac. Three types: Skeletal, smooth, and cardiac. Ex: Cardiac muscle contracts to pump blood through the body; Cardiac muscle contracts to pump blood through the body; Skeletal muscle moves the bones when directed by brain. Smooth muscle contracts in digesting;
9 Nerve Tissue Nerve Tissue Nerve Tissue - responds to stimuli in the environment; - responds to stimuli in the environment; - controls movement, reflexes, and receives sensory information; - controls movement, reflexes, and receives sensory information; Ex: Brain tissue, Spinal Cord Tissue, Peripheral nerve cells. Nerve Video
4 Organization of Your Body 3. Organs: are combinations of different tissues that form a structural and functional UNIT. Any organ that is essential to life is called a vital organ. Examples: Heart - Pumps blood throughout the body. Heart - Pumps blood throughout the body. Liver - Removes toxins from the blood, produces chemicals that help in digestion. Liver - Removes toxins from the blood, produces chemicals that help in digestion. Lungs - Supplies oxygen to the blood and removes CO 2 from blood. Lungs - Supplies oxygen to the blood and removes CO 2 from blood. Brain - The control center of the body. Brain - The control center of the body.
12 Organization of Your Body 4. Organ systems: are groups of organs that cooperate to perform the major activities of the body. -The vertebrate body contains 11 principal organ systems. Prepare yourself to name some systems after the film. Prepare yourself to name some systems after the film.
The 11 Human Body Systems The 11 human body systems are as follows: -- nervous system-- integumentary system -- respiratory system-- digestive system -- excretory system-- skeletal system -- muscular system-- circulatory system -- endocrine system-- reproductive system -- lymphatic (immune) system All are extremely important because each system is responsible for a specific cellular function, just on a much larger scale.
40 Overview of Organ Systems Organ systems communicate, integrate, support and move, maintain and regulate, defend and reproduce the body. Communicate outside environment changes: Communicate outside environment changes: -Three organ systems detect external stimuli and coordinate the body’s responses - Nervous, sensory and endocrine systems - Nervous, sensory and endocrine systems Support and movement: Support and movement: - The musculoskeletal system consists of two interrelated organ systems
41 Regulation and maintenance: Regulation and maintenance: -Four organ systems regulate and maintain the body’s chemistry; called HOMEOSTASIS. Digestive, circulatory, respiratory and excretory systems. Digestive, circulatory, respiratory and excretory systems. Defense: Defense: -The body defends itself with two organ systems: Integumentary and immune. Integumentary and immune. Reproduction and development Reproduction and development -The Reproductive system.
55 Homeostasis As animals have evolved, specialization of body structures has increased For cells to function efficiently and interact properly, internal body conditions must be relatively constant -The dynamic constancy of the internal environment is called homeostasis -It is essential for life
56 Homeostasis Humans have set points for body temperature, blood glucose concentrations, electrolyte (ion) concentration, tendon tension, etc. We are endothermic : can maintain a relatively constant body temperature (37 o C or 98.6 o F) -Changes in body temperature are detected by the hypothalamus in the brain