3 Cassini has combined, re-projected the original sheets and enlarged them to 1:50,000 to match Ordnance Survey Landrangers and included the National Grid to aid comparisons between maps of different erasFour historical series available (see next slide):1800s ( )1890/1900s ( )1920s ( )1940s ( )
5 The National Grid is on all mapping to aid comparisons < Left: Old Series (1819)Right: Revised New Series (1895) >< Left: Popular Edition (1920)Right: Ordnance Survey Landranger® (present day) >
6 Map formats Folded maps that match Ordnance Survey Landrangers® Laminated site-centred A3 sheetsDigital mapping from our partners, including Memory Map, to be used on whiteboards and PCs with a multi-user licence
7 Digital MappingAllows you to select your own area (can be any shape) from all our historical map series plus present-day OS 1:50,000 (Landranger)Software enables the maps to be displayed in a range of innovative ways eg 3D visualisation, route tracking and map tiling with simultaneous movementNational Grid not included on all digital mapping products, but can easily be added.A revised version of the following module will be available to support the digital mapping
10 How can you use historical maps? • valuable resource for all local studies and contrasting areas studies• an accessible introduction for lower KS2 to the history of an area (as the historical maps clearly match the modern maps, they are very recognisable)• a tool for KS3 to study various topics eg settlement development & change, population growth, transport systems, industry growth• teaching or revising map skills for KS2/3• as a basis for imagining the past eg if you were the son/daughter of the village carrier in the 1800s where would you travel? Who would you meet? What would you see? What goods would you transport? How much would you be paid?
11 Exploring Historical Maps Worksheets • Worksheets are useful for both KS2 (unit 6 Investigating our local area, Unit 12 How did life change in our locality in Victorian times? Unit 18 What was it like to live here in the past?) and KS3 (map skills revision, local settlement development)• Allow approximately one lesson for each of the eight worksheets• Each worksheet includes Extended Learning for more able pupils and often involves imaginative thinking• Comprises student pack and teacher pack with notes and suggested answers• Designed to be taught by non-specialist teachers• Can be used to introduce or revise map skills• Worksheet summary follows“The ideas on the worksheets were very useful - especially for my newly qualified colleague who needed some pointers. My KS2 pupils were very enthusiastic about the maps and could easily cross reference them.”Chris Gould, KS2 teacher, Surrey“My year 7 geography club liked how the maps showed the changes in the area. I was able to challenge them to work out why the changes happened. They liked the A3 format and would like to use them more in the classroom.” Amy Lawrence, Tollbar BEC
12 Exploring Historical Maps Worksheet Summary1. Introducing Historical MapsUnderstanding the difference between the styles of old and new mapsUnderstanding the technologies used to create themBasic mathematical calculationExtended LearningImagining a 19th century interpretation of the modern landscapeDiscussion of how the local area has changed2. Key to the LandscapeUnderstanding the need for symbols and abbreviations on mapsConsidering symbols and abbreviations on present-day and historical mapsConsidering why the number and style of symbols and abbreviations on maps have changed over time (see next slide)Encourages pupils to imagine what features may appear on maps of the future and the symbols and abbreviations that might be needed to represent them
14 3&4. 4-Figure & 6-Figure Grid References Understanding how to locate a place on a mapCreating and using 4-figure and 6-figure grid referencesUnderstanding the terms Eastings and NorthingsExtended LearningUsing grid references to describe and locate grid referencesPractical map-making exercise within the school grounds.5. Scales & DistancesUnderstanding of the relationship between a map and the area it representsUsing mathematical calculations to establish areas and distancesUnderstanding the differences between maps of different scalesUsing a map rulerFurther work on area and distance including plotting a journey route
15 History Detectives - worksheet questions with answers from maps of Grimsby area 1. Find two features that are on the modern map but not on the historical map• Public telephone, level crossing, visitor centre, bypass, roundabout, electricity pylons, motel2. Find two features that are on the historical map but not on the modern map• Smithy, rifle range, workhouse, battery, coverts (other areas may have brick kilns, quarries, chalk pits)• They no longer exist, or are no longer important enough to show• Illustrate localised industry and horse-based transport3. Find two features that are on both the historical map and the modern map• church, river, moat, wood, house, road4. Study your historical and modern maps to see if the place names are the same.• Grid Ref: : Peak Farm 1903: Greenland Farm• Grid Ref: : Peaks Farm Today: Peaks Tunnel Farm5. What changes in the natural landscape are illustrated by the maps?• change in coastline (particularly in sandy areas), deforestation, reservoirs, diverted riversExtended LearningE1. What do the maps tell you about how the area has changed between the 19th century and today?• population growth & industrialisation of urban areas: decline of railway growth of road network; rural areas changed little since 19th centuryE1. Compare all 4 historical maps. In which years did your nearest town change the most. Do you know why?• Grimsby (see slide 4) changed most in the second half of the 19th century due to the development of the docks and the new rail lines.
16 7. Transport Development Comparing the 19th century transport networks with those of todayConsidering various transport methods and routes over the past 200 yearsImagining the transport methods of the futureExtended LearningComparing the impact of the landscape on transport between the 19th century and todayUsing the maps as evidence of the popularity of roads vs railway through the ages8. Urban DevelopmentUsing the maps to discover the extent of urban growth since the 19th centuryUsing skills learnt from previous worksheets to establish the area of urban districts now and in the pastConsidering the reasons for and impact of this changeImagining how the area will have changed in 50 years time and why
17 For more information on: 1. Cassini Historical Maps print materials• Matching laminated A3 maps centred on your school from:1800s ( )1890/1900s ( )1920s ( )1940s ( )• Map rulers measuring miles and kilometres at 1:50,000• Exploring Historical Map worksheetsContact Penny Locke at2. Digital Cassini historical maps via Memory MapContact or visit