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Ethical and moral geographies of 'FDI-led' development (and the impacts of out-sourcing within global production networks) Dr Simon Oakes, Bancrofts School.

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Presentation on theme: "Ethical and moral geographies of 'FDI-led' development (and the impacts of out-sourcing within global production networks) Dr Simon Oakes, Bancrofts School."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ethical and moral geographies of 'FDI-led' development (and the impacts of out-sourcing within global production networks) Dr Simon Oakes, Bancrofts School Chief Examiner for IB Diploma Geography Principal Examiner for Edexcel AS Geography & GCSE Citizenship

2 1.Raising the bar for FDI-led development knowledge and understanding within KS5 geography 2.Deeper critical thinking about ethical geographies of intervention (bridging the development gap) 3.Building better geography (stretching learners geographical imaginations) Outline

3 KS5 Specifications AQA – social impacts of TNCs on their host countries Edexcel – explicit focus on ethical and moral consequences OCR – what are the issues associated with globalisation? WJEC – who wins and loses from global shift? CCEA – understanding of globalisation and trade IB – FDI and the transfer of capital Cross-curricular dimension: RS, GS, Citizenship, Sociology, Economics, World Development Globalisation, FDI & ethics

4 Costs & benefits of TNCs TNCs are presented as: (i) a uniform group (ii) tangible players (rather than as networks) TNCs are presented as: (i) a uniform group (ii) tangible players (rather than as networks)

5 A company with operation in more than one country Distinguishing FDI, branch plant operations, out-sourcing, contracting, off-shoring, shadow factories, supply networks, acquisitions and mergers, etc. Distinguishing work, pay and human rights in Foxconn Shenzhen, Bangalore, Johor Bahru, Jakarta, Dhaka etc. Practices are embedded in varied social-political contexts e.g. legal framework, unionisation, etc. Complexity

6 Supply chain systems & ethics GLOBAL PRODUCTION NETWORK T.N. Corporation (e.g. Hewlett- Packard – global US information technology firm) 1 st tier out-sourcing (e.g. laptop PCB assembly in Penang) 2 nd tier suppliers (e.g. PCB parts supplied by other local firms within Malaysia) 3 rd tier suppliers (e.g. globally- sourced supplies of basic materials)

7 Limits to ethical intervention? Global workers are seen as: (i) a homogenous group (ii) located & knowable

8 Trade / FDI / TNC = a richer seam for spatial and ethical explorations than KS5 geography currently encourages Economics, RS, sociology, etc. share this common ground: but may lack the same geographical imagination Teaching of tiers, etc. gives learners building blocks for critique of two-speed / multi-speed development & interventions Edexcel and IB courses have made some movement (global networks, global interactions) Conclusions: focus on development


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