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Bruce Scharlau, University of Aberdeen, 2010 Android Storage & SMS Apps Mobile Computing Unless otherwise stated, images are from android sdk See Unlocking.

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Presentation on theme: "Bruce Scharlau, University of Aberdeen, 2010 Android Storage & SMS Apps Mobile Computing Unless otherwise stated, images are from android sdk See Unlocking."— Presentation transcript:

1 Bruce Scharlau, University of Aberdeen, 2010 Android Storage & SMS Apps Mobile Computing Unless otherwise stated, images are from android sdk See Unlocking Android (Ch 5) for more details

2 There are several options for storage of data with Android We can put data into a preferences file. We can put data into a normal file. We can send data across the network to a service. We can use a local database on the handset. Bruce Scharlau, University of Aberdeen, 2010

3 Preference files are a light-weight option Call Context.getSharedPreferences() to read and write values as key-value pairs. Use Activity.getPreferences() with no name to keep them private to the calling activity Bruce Scharlau, University of Aberdeen, 2010 These are not sharable across applications, unless you expose them as a content provider.

4 We can write larger data to file You can either write to a new file, or to a pre- included file under res/raw/mydata To can read data from a file, call Context.openFileInput() and pass it the local name and path of the file. It returns a standard Java FileInputStream object. To write to a file, call Context.openFileOutput() with the name and path. It returns a FileOutputStream object. Bruce Scharlau, University of Aberdeen, 2010 You can only access files available to the application

5 File writing is similar to what youve done before Bruce Scharlau, University of Aberdeen, 2010 Source: unlocking android, p 159

6 We can place data elsewhere on the network Use a web service to store data elsewhere – save photos to flickr, files to some other app in the cloud. Bruce Scharlau, University of Aberdeen, 2010 Can save files automatically, or at user discretion with time values, etc. (twitter, apps, or photo capture)

7 We can also persist data to a db Android API uses the built-in SQLite db. Each db is private to the application. In principle you could expose the data, if you expose the application as a content provider. All databases, SQLite and others, are stored on the device in /data/data/package_name/databases. Bruce Scharlau, University of Aberdeen, 2010

8 Android Notepad tutorial uses database Bruce Scharlau, University of Aberdeen, 2010 Useful db helper class for access and crud details

9 Context Menu is special Acquire context menu by holding down selection key (long press on touch), which then pops up context menu Bruce Scharlau, University of Aberdeen, 2010

10 Unlocking Android db example covers more complex example Bruce Scharlau, University of Aberdeen, 2010 Stores locations to database within application as objects

11 Unlocking Android app uses db helper classes with sql Bruce Scharlau, University of Aberdeen, 2010 public static class Location { public long id; public long lastalert; public int alertenabled; public String zip; // include city and region because geocode is expensive public String city; public String region; public Location() { } public Location(final long id, final long lastalert, final int alertenabled, final String zip, final String city, final String region) { this.id = id; this.lastalert = lastalert; this.alertenabled = alertenabled; this.zip = zip; this.city = city; this.region = region; } Source: unlocking android, code Part of DBHelper class showing Location object Class also holds crud details to map object to sql

12 Unlocking Android app maps objects to sql for ease Bruce Scharlau, University of Aberdeen, 2010 public void insert(final Location location) { ContentValues values = new ContentValues(); values.put("zip", location.zip); values.put("city", location.city); values.put("region", location.region); values.put("lastalert", location.lastalert); values.put("alertenabled", location.alertenabled); this.db.insert(DBHelper.DB_TABLE, null, values); } public void update(final Location location) { ContentValues values = new ContentValues(); values.put("zip", location.zip); values.put("city", location.city); values.put("region", location.region); values.put("lastalert", location.lastalert); values.put("alertenabled", location.alertenabled); this.db.update(DBHelper.DB_TABLE, values, "_id=" + location.id, null); } Source: unlocking android, code Mapping makes coding easier

13 SQLite provides advanced db features There is transaction support You can use prepared statements based on java.sql and set items as have done before – faster and more secure You have a cursor to keep track of location within a resultset Bruce Scharlau, University of Aberdeen, 2010

14 Can map objects to db Enables off network use and can sync later when connected Bruce Scharlau, University of Aberdeen, 2010 Might be pushing limits of device though with extra classes and memory usage Can read items from network as xml and convert to objects, which map to db

15 Storage Summary Can use preferences for each app Can write/read files as with Java Can persist/read items over network (when available) Can use SQLite one db per app Bruce Scharlau, University of Aberdeen, 2010

16 SMS applications should not be overlooked Cheaper and faster to develop than GUI apps Bruce Scharlau, University of Aberdeen, 2010 Available to all handsets for wider usage Faster to market for specific events

17 There are wide variety of SMS apps Notify customers that meal, prescription, etc is available for collection Medical, dentist, etc appointment reminders to prevent no-shows Order prescription refills, meals, special offers – Hilton Hotels even do this Also use SMS to drive traffic to mobile sites and increase customer sales Bruce Scharlau, University of Aberdeen, 2010

18 Also other usual contests, etc SMS voting contests Send photo to win prizes contests Communicate with call centres via SMS Query and reserve products via SMS Scheduled SMS sending to coordinate with other actions for business and students Many more too Bruce Scharlau, University of Aberdeen, 2010

19 SMS apps reach many people SMS is reliable and can be sent any time Supported by ALL mobile phones – can reach about 50% of population, ie 3.3 bn Supports reverse billing – thus customer pays for receiving new ringtone, etc that is sent from you to them Bruce Scharlau, University of Aberdeen, 2010

20 SMS apps can be easy to build The components are free to set up and develop SMPPsim for simulating SMS center and responses Use SMPP API for communicating with SMS center provides an SMS gateway for WAP and SMS appshttp://www.kannel.org/ Bruce Scharlau, University of Aberdeen, 2010

21 Some examples are online Developers Home provides details about SMS and low level tutorial OReilly have Java tutorial too provide API to run SMS apps – free developer periodhttp://www.esendex.co.uk/ Bruce Scharlau, University of Aberdeen, 2010

22 Txteagle outsources work to everyone Break work into useful chunks anyone can do via text SMS surveys with airtime compensation Train workers so know reliability Bruce Scharlau, University of Aberdeen, 2010

23 Deconstruct tasks for greater speed and security Bruce Scharlau, University of Aberdeen, 2010

24 Txteagle changes lives Bruce Scharlau, University of Aberdeen, short version – 6 minutes -long version – 40 minutes


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