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Guilford County Schools Lab Safety and Chemical Hygiene Training 2014-15.

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Presentation on theme: "Guilford County Schools Lab Safety and Chemical Hygiene Training 2014-15."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Guilford County Schools Lab Safety and Chemical Hygiene Training 2014-15

3 Purpose – Why Are We Here? First & Foremost – Safety & Health of: –E–E–E–Employees (YOU & your coworkers) –S–S–S–Students & Visitors Legal Requirements –N–N–N–NC State Laws (State OSHA & General Statutes) –O–O–O–OSHA Regulations – Revised Standard! (establishes worker conditions) OO SSSS HHHH AAAA 1 1 1 1 9999 1111 0000.... 1111 2222 0000 0000 H H H H aaaa zzzz aaaa rrrr dddd C C C C oooo mmmm mmmm uuuu nnnn iiii cccc aaaa tttt iiii oooo nnnn S S S S tttt aaaa nnnn dddd aaaa rrrr dddd (((( HHHH aaaa zzzz cccc oooo mmmm )))) O SSSS HHHH AAAA 1 1 1 1 9999 1111 0000.... 1111 4444 5555 0000 O O O O SSSS HHHH AAAA L L L L aaaa bbbb oooo rrrr aaaa tttt oooo rrrr yyyy S S S S tttt aaaa nnnn dddd aaaa rrrr dddd Moral & Ethical Requirements (Safe Learning Environments for Students & Teachers)

4 OSHA 29 CFR 1910.1200 Hazard Communication Standard – Hazcom “Right-to-Know” Major Components Major Components Chemical inventory - complete and current – Sharepoint siteChemical inventory - complete and current – Sharepoint site Safety Data Sheets (SDS) (formerly MSDS)Safety Data Sheets (SDS) (formerly MSDS) Labeling program – every container (new pictograms)Labeling program – every container (new pictograms) The HazCom program must be in writing (GCS website) Maintenance Dept.The HazCom program must be in writing (GCS website) Maintenance Dept. Online training modules (SafeSchools Online)Online training modules (SafeSchools Online) Train all affected employees – does not satisfy completely satisfy requirements of 29 CFR 1910.1450 - site specific needsTrain all affected employees – does not satisfy completely satisfy requirements of 29 CFR 1910.1450 - site specific needs

5 OSHA 29 CFR 1910.1450 Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Chemicals in Laboratories In the school setting - specific to the science laboratory Requires a chemical hygiene plan – maintenance websiteRequires a chemical hygiene plan – maintenance website Requires a Chemical Hygiene OfficerRequires a Chemical Hygiene Officer Specifies laboratory safety equipmentSpecifies laboratory safety equipment Specifies emergency equipmentSpecifies emergency equipment Mandates a chemical management programMandates a chemical management program Requires posting of signs and labels for chemical hazardsRequires posting of signs and labels for chemical hazards Establishes Standard Operating ProceduresEstablishes Standard Operating Procedures Requires professional development (specific)Requires professional development (specific)

6 Site Staff Chemical Hygiene

7 Update & Maintenance of Local CHP A local copy of the CHP must be maintained with local site information such as chemical hygiene officer and emergency response information.A local copy of the CHP must be maintained with local site information such as chemical hygiene officer and emergency response information. (Communicate location of site’s local copy of CHP and site specific procedures.)(Communicate location of site’s local copy of CHP and site specific procedures.)

8 Personnel with Responsibilities in the GCS Chemical Hygiene Plan Superintendent Principals Guilford County Chemical Hygiene Officer Site Appointed Chemical Hygiene Officer Science Teachers An effective safety program and compliance with federal and state regulations is a SITE & GCS TEAM Effort. Everyone must do their part to fulfill these requirements.

9 Chemical Management System Procurement Inventory Storage Waste Disposal

10 Purpose – Why Are We Here?, cont. Guilford County Chemical Hygiene PlanGuilford County Chemical Hygiene Plan –GCS Maintenance Health & Safety Website GCS Maintenance Health & Safety WebsiteGCS Maintenance Health & Safety Website Plan details responsibilities of GCS employeesPlan details responsibilities of GCS employees –Supt., County CHO, Principal, SACHO, Classroom Teacher –GEMS inspection forms (eyewash, shower, fume hood) are located here GEMS

11 NEW Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS) Intent - To provide employees with information to help them make knowledgeable decisions about chemical hazards in their workplace Timeline December 1, 2013: Train employers on the new label elements and SDS format. December 1, 2015: Distributors may ship products labeled by manufacturers under the old system until December 1, 2015. June 1, 2016: Update alternative workplace labeling and hazard communication program as necessary. Provide additional employee training for newly identified physical or health hazards.

12 “Globally Harmonized System” created by the United Nations Also known as “GHS” A system for standardizing chemical classification and labeling for world-wide implementation Labels:  Signal words (Danger/Warning)  Hazard statements  Precautionary statements  Pictograms (9) SDS-16 categories Training http://www.osha.gov/Publication s/HazComm_QuickCard_Safet yData.html http://www.osha.gov/Publication s/HazComm_QuickCard_Safet yData.html

13 New SDS (formerly MSDS) format: http://www.osha.gov/Publications/HazComm_QuickCard_SafetyDat a.htmlhttp://www.osha.gov/Publications/HazComm_QuickCard_SafetyDat a.html Hazard classification of chemical hazards Revised labeling provisions that include requirements for: requirements for: –  Standardized signal words  Pictograms  Hazard statements  Precautionary statements

14 GHS looks at: o Class-nature of hazard o Category-degree of severity A chemical can pose a “physical hazard” or a “health hazard” Physical hazards are exhibited by certain chemicals because of their physical properties (e.g. flammability, reactivity, etc.) These chemicals fall into the following classes: o Flammable liquids or solids o Combustible liquids o Compressed gases o Explosives Organic peroxide: May react explosively to temperature/pressure changes Oxidizers: Chemicals that initiate or promote combustion in other materials Pyrophoric materials: May ignite spontaneously in air temperatures of 130ºF or below Unstable materials Water reactive materials

15 Health hazard - Occurs when a chemical produces an acute or chronic health effect on exposed employees

16 Purchasing & Procurement Procedures Work from inventory (Do we already have some of it? How much? Where is it?)Work from inventory (Do we already have some of it? How much? Where is it?) Small amounts (microchemistry)Small amounts (microchemistry) Ideally - Store no more than one year’s supplyIdeally - Store no more than one year’s supply Never exceed the shelf life of a chemicalNever exceed the shelf life of a chemical Check with the SACHO for quantities, special hazards, and regulations (Is it banned? Does it require special permission?)Check with the SACHO for quantities, special hazards, and regulations (Is it banned? Does it require special permission?) Must follow proper purchasing proceduresMust follow proper purchasing procedures DO NOT accept donated chemicals!!DO NOT accept donated chemicals!!

17 Chemical Inventory, Storage, & Access OSHA Hazard Communication Standard 29 CFR 1910.1200OSHA Hazard Communication Standard 29 CFR 1910.1200 –Inventory must be complete and current –Minimize quantities –Label properly –Separate according to hazard category and compatibility –Date upon receipt –Store away from heat and direct sunlight

18 Chemical Storage Room Designate a central place for chemical storageDesignate a central place for chemical storage LIMIT ACCESSLIMIT ACCESS Designate a central place for waste storageDesignate a central place for waste storage Use a uniform labeling systemUse a uniform labeling system Check inventory annuallyCheck inventory annually Reduce duplicationReduce duplication Clear aislesClear aisles

19 Why Maintain Chemical Inventories? National Research Council (1995), Prudent Practices in the Laboratory: Handling and Disposal of ChemicalsNational Research Council (1995), Prudent Practices in the Laboratory: Handling and Disposal of Chemicals http://www.nap.edu/books/0309052297/html OSHA Lab Standard-29 CRF 1910.1450; Appendix A, Section D.2.bOSHA Lab Standard-29 CRF 1910.1450; Appendix A, Section D.2.b “Chemical Procurement, Distribution, and Storage” –“Stored chemicals should be examined periodically (at least annually) for replacement, deterioration, and container integrity.” OSHA Lab Standard – 29 CFR 1910. 1450; Appendix A, Section D.2.d; “Chemical Procurement, Distribution, and Storage”OSHA Lab Standard – 29 CFR 1910. 1450; Appendix A, Section D.2.d; “Chemical Procurement, Distribution, and Storage” –“Periodic inventories should be conducted, with unneeded items being discarded or returned to the storeroom / stockroom.” OSHA Hazard Communication Standard 29 CFR 1910.1200OSHA Hazard Communication Standard 29 CFR 1910.1200 –Inventory must be complete and current

20 Chemical Inventory Checklist N=ONE per site Computerized One person responsible Provide list to others Science Teachers, Principals, Firemen 1:1 MSDS/SDS Processes for Inventory (CHP) –k–k–k–known –f–f–f–followed –u–u–u–updated –a–a–a–and maintained

21 Safety Data Sheets (SDS’s) SDS’s – the foundation of chemical safety!SDS’s – the foundation of chemical safety! The SDS/SDS tells you:The SDS/SDS tells you: –What chemicals are contained in a product –What the hazards are –What precautions you need to take –What to do in the event of a spill or exposure

22 Elements of the Material Safety Data Sheet 16 Sections – Review Handout with Students – posted on GEMS: “How to Read an MSDS” 16 sections for new SDS http://www.osha.gov/Publications/HazComm_QuickCard_SafetyData.html

23 MSDS’s – Household Chemicals Once Household chemicals are used in a lesson – you MUST have an MSDS/SDS for them.Once Household chemicals are used in a lesson – you MUST have an MSDS/SDS for them. Vinegar, Household Ammonia, Bleach and other household chemicals when used at schoolVinegar, Household Ammonia, Bleach and other household chemicals when used at school Any substance used in a lesson requires a MSDS/SDSAny substance used in a lesson requires a MSDS/SDS Obtain from the company or InternetObtain from the company or Internet

24 MSDS Resources & Responsibilities Receipt and filing of MSDS’s and SDSReceipt and filing of MSDS’s and SDS –Site and county Vendor Websites - FlinnVendor Websites - Flinn Worker RequirementsWorker Requirements Student & Lesson RequirementsStudent & Lesson Requirements –Student safety contracts –NCDPI Classroom Poster Aid

25 Labeling Procedures Let’s Review Chemical HandlingLet’s Review Chemical Handling “READ and HEED” –Label and pictograms –Label and pictograms (https://www.osha.gov/Publications/OSHA3636.pdf)www.osha.gov/Publications/OSHA3636.pdf –MSDS and SDS –Safety rules and regulations –Chemical Hygiene Plan –Emergency Response Plan Wear Appropriate Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)!!!

26 Primary Container Label Name of material— solution concentrationName of material— solution concentration Name of components and mixture concentrationsName of components and mixture concentrations Appropriate warning signageAppropriate warning signage Potential hazardsPotential hazards Immediate first aid measuresImmediate first aid measures

27 Labeling Chemicals Date receivedDate received Expiration dateExpiration date Who received it?Who received it? Date openedDate opened Label with chemical name type - acid - base - oxidizerLabel with chemical name type - acid - base - oxidizer Degree of hazardDegree of hazard This information must correspond to SDSs.

28 Labeling Secondary Containers The label should include: Chemical name Hazard warnings Name of manufacturer Name of teacher who made it Date of transfer to vessel

29 Labeling & Storage, cont. Keep in original shipping package - acids & bases in special styrofoam cubesKeep in original shipping package - acids & bases in special styrofoam cubes Rubber buckets and Saf-T-Coat BottlesRubber buckets and Saf-T-Coat Bottles

30 GHS new labeling   Chemical manufacturers and importers must provide a label that includes:   Harmonized signal word   Pictogram   Hazard statement for each hazard class and category   Precautionary statements must also be provided as well as product identifier and supplier information https://www.osha.gov/dsg/hazcom/ghsguideoct05.pdfwww.osha.gov/dsg/hazcom/ghsguideoct05.pdf

31 Signal word Pictogram

32 GHS classification ratings order of severity differ from NFPA and HMIS:GHS classification ratings order of severity differ from NFPA and HMIS: HMIS/NFPA HMIS/NFPA 0 = Least Hazardous 0 = Least Hazardous 4 = Most Hazardous 4 = Most Hazardous GHSGHS 5 = Least Hazardous 5 = Least Hazardous 1 = Most Hazardous 1 = Most Hazardous

33 Rules for Handling Chemicals Used in Experiments Never return any unused mixture to original reagent containersNever return any unused mixture to original reagent containers Labels should include chemical name, dated mixed, who made it, hazard informationLabels should include chemical name, dated mixed, who made it, hazard information

34 Safety Equipment – Inspection & Maintenance Lab Safety Equipment & Hardware: –S–S–S–Showers –E–E–E–Eyewash Fountains –S–S–S–Spill Control Kits –F–F–F–Fire Extinguishers –F–F–F–Fire Blankets –F–F–F–First Aid Kits –D–D–D–Dishwashers –R–R–R–Refrigerators –U–U–U–UV Cabinets

35 Protective Apparel and Equipment – 29 CFR 1910.132 For each laboratory: Protective apparel compatible with substances being handled An easily accessible drench-type safety shower An eyewash fountain Fire extinguisher / alarm system Telephone for emergency use should be available nearby Other items designated by laboratory supervisor

36 Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) - (29 CFR 1910.132) Designates kinds of PPE shall be provided, used, and maintained in a sanitary and reliable condition whenever it is necessary by reason of: Hazard of processesHazard of processes EnvironmentEnvironment Chemical hazardsChemical hazards Biological hazardsBiological hazards Radiological hazardsRadiological hazards Mechanical irritantsMechanical irritants

37 Modes of Exposure Skin absorption Skin absorption Eyes Eyes Inhalation Inhalation Ingestion Ingestion Injection Injection

38 Exposure Control Engineering controlsEngineering controls PPEPPE HygieneHygiene Exposure LimitsExposure Limits –PEL (Permissible Exposure Limit) –STEL (Short-Term Exposure Limit) –TLV (Threshold Limit Value) PEL’s and TLV’s represent levels that can be tolerated by the average worker for an 8-hr workday and a 40-hr work week without adverse health effectsPEL’s and TLV’s represent levels that can be tolerated by the average worker for an 8-hr workday and a 40-hr work week without adverse health effects

39 Exposure Types Acute Exposure –S–S–S–Short durations of exposure to high concentrations of hazardous materials in the workplace. Chronic Exposure –C–C–C–Continuous exposure over a long period of time to low concentrations of hazardous materials in the workplace. (Often effects are not known)

40 Types of PPE Eyes – goggles, safety glasses Eyes – goggles, safety glasses Face – face shield (teacher) Face – face shield (teacher) Head – Protective helmet (not needed) Head – Protective helmet (not needed) Extremities – gloves & shoes Extremities – gloves & shoes Electrical Protection – Rubber gloves Electrical Protection – Rubber gloves Protective Clothing Protective Clothing Protective Shields & Barriers Protective Shields & Barriers Respiratory Devices (134) (not needed in K-12) Respiratory Devices (134) (not needed in K-12) Sanitation requirement Training requirement

41 Eye and Face Protection OSHA 29 CFR 1910.132 and 29 CFR 1910.133 NC §G.S. 115C – 166, 167, 168, 169 (1969, 1981) All students, teachers, visitorsAll students, teachers, visitors Appropriate eye protective devicesAppropriate eye protective devices Furnished for all students, teachers, visitorsFurnished for all students, teachers, visitors Sold at cost or moderate rental fee for teachers, studentsSold at cost or moderate rental fee for teachers, students Provided for students unable to buy or rentProvided for students unable to buy or rent VocationalVocational TechnicalTechnical Industrial ArtsIndustrial Arts Chemical, physical, biological laboratory course of instructionChemical, physical, biological laboratory course of instruction PrescriptionPrescription

42 Types of Eyewear Chemical Splash Goggles - for any fluidChemical Splash Goggles - for any fluid Safety Glasses - Impact Safety Glasses - Impact UV Goggles – Impact or splash UV Goggles – Impact or splash Impact Goggles - Impact Impact Goggles - Impact Visorgogs ® - Impact Visorgogs ® - Impact

43 ANSI Z87.1- Safety Glasses

44 ANSI Z87.1 – Safety Glasses

45 ANSI Z87.1 - Visorgogs

46 ANSI Z87.1 – Safety Goggles

47 ANSI Z87.1 – Chemical Splash Goggles

48 Lab Safety Features

49 Eyewash…ANSI Z358.1-1990 Location, Location, Location 10 SECONDS RULE Flush weeklyFlush weekly Filters cleanFilters clean 65-95 ºF65-95 ºF 3 gal potable H 2 O / min3 gal potable H 2 O / min 15 minutes supply of water15 minutes supply of water No portable eyewashes – do not deliver 15 min water supply & also danger of causing eye infectionNo portable eyewashes – do not deliver 15 min water supply & also danger of causing eye infection

50 Eyewashes Permanently installed basin Permanently installed basin Hands free Hands free 10-second rule (alkali) 10-second rule (alkali) 1 minute flushing before damage (acid) 1 minute flushing before damage (acid) Acid sets up a protein barrier Acid sets up a protein barrier 15 minutes water supply required 15 minutes water supply required Tested Weekly – Record and Document!!Tested Weekly – Record and Document!!

51 Safety Showers Showers Z358.1 1998Showers Z358.1 1998 –Shut off values (ON) –Annual verification –Monthly Inspections – Record and Document!!

52 Eye & Face Protection and Sanitary Conditions OSHA 29 CFR 1910.132 and 29 CFR 1910.133 Sterilization UV Cabinet (12-15 minutes) UV Cabinet (12-15 minutes) 70% isopropyl alcohol Swabs Wipes 70% isopropyl alcohol Swabs Wipes Elastic straps on goggles – allow eggs of head lice to embed Elastic straps on goggles – allow eggs of head lice to embed Use rubber straps Use rubber straps

53 Hand Protection OSHA Regulation (29 CFR 1910.132, & 29 CFR 1910.138) Lacerations Lacerations Absorption-harmful substances Absorption-harmful substances Severe cuts Severe cuts Abrasions Abrasions Punctures Punctures Chemical, heat or electrical burns Chemical, heat or electrical burns

54 Hand Protection Gloves Latex Vinyl Neoprene (Nitrile) Rubber Insulated Metal mesh Leather Cotton Hand pads Hot hands

55 Foot Protection – 29 CFR 1910.136 Falling / rolling objects Falling / rolling objects Piercing the sole Piercing the sole Electrical Hazard Electrical Hazard Corrosives Corrosives Slippery / wet floor surfaces Slippery / wet floor surfaces Heat / cold Heat / cold Stubbing / banging toes Stubbing / banging toes

56 Types of Footwear (Inappropriate?) Flip flopsFlip flops HeelsHeels ClothCloth Open toedOpen toed SandalsSandals ENFORCE this in your classroomsENFORCE this in your classrooms

57 PPE Modeling is Important! Teacher and all staff model appropriate safety behavior!Teacher and all staff model appropriate safety behavior! Wear appropriate PPE!Wear appropriate PPE!

58 Refrigerators Explosion proof Laboratory Type LABEL ON DOOR!!! DO NOT Mix These! –F–F–F–Food –C–C–C–Chemicals –B–B–B–Biological specimens –N–N–N–NO!!

59 Dishwashers Explosion-proof if required; verify use requirements

60 Microwaves Warning Signs on door of room that houses microwaveWarning Signs on door of room that houses microwave

61 Spill Control Kits – Location & Accessibility SandSand VermiculiteVermiculite Kitty LitterKitty Litter Pine Pellets – biodegradable, no dustPine Pellets – biodegradable, no dust

62 Chemical Waste Accumulation & Disposal Procedures Use SDS and/or Flinn Catalog SDS for initial guidanceUse SDS and/or Flinn Catalog SDS for initial guidance Consult with the school appointed chemical hygiene officer (SACHO) if neededConsult with the school appointed chemical hygiene officer (SACHO) if needed

63 Chemical Waste Disposal Process and handle in compliance with OSHA and LEA policy Label properly Maintain compatible storage for waste disposal pickup Dispose in approved containers Dispose in accordance with MSDS Store in the appropriate location and notify SACHO Teachers & other personnel do not transport waste!! No personal vehicles

64 Chemical Disposal Indicators Slightly cloudy liquids Slightly cloudy liquids Color change of chemicals Color change of chemicals Spotting on solids Spotting on solids Caking of anhydrous material Caking of anhydrous material Existence of solids in liquids and liquids in solids Existence of solids in liquids and liquids in solids Evidence of reaction with water Evidence of reaction with water Damage to the container Damage to the container Consult SACHO if questionable Consult SACHO if questionable

65 Items That Contain Mercury Bulk elemental mercuryBulk elemental mercury Laboratory chemicals - Mercury II oxide - Mercury II chloride - Mercury II sulfate - Mercury II nitrate - Mercury II iodideLaboratory chemicals - Mercury II oxide - Mercury II chloride - Mercury II sulfate - Mercury II nitrate - Mercury II iodide Mercury containing instruments Thermometers Lab thermometers Fever thermometers Sling psychrometers Barometers Mercury switches Fluorescent lights

66 Emergency Response & Accident Reporting There must be a written local procedure for emergency response to an accident. Who is notified? How? 24 hr. contact person must be listed in the local CHP and posted. Accidents involving chemicals must be reported to the County CHO.

67 Classroom Teacher Responsibilities NC GS 115C-307 Duties of Teachers – MaintenanceNC GS 115C-307 Duties of Teachers – Maintenance a.To Maintain Order and Discipline b.To Provide for General Well ‑ Being of Students c.To Provide Some Medical Care to Students Science Laboratory Safety Manual, p. 24.

68 Duties of Teachers Administer prescription drugs or medications with written permission of parents Give emergency health care if a delay would seriously endanger the student Perform first aid in which the employee has been trained (ie. CPR) Know the First Aid policy of the LEA and the school including Blood-borne pathogen policy S&SCS Science Laboratory Safety Manual - pgs 24-25

69 Duties of Teachers, cont. NC G.S. § 1115C-375.2 Special Medical Needs of StudentsNC G.S. § 1115C-375.2 Special Medical Needs of Students Students may carry, possess and self administer medications for the following: AsthmaAsthma DiabetesDiabetes Allergic reactionsAllergic reactions Written statements from student’s: Parents / guardiansParents / guardians Medical practitionerMedical practitioner Signed statement by parents / guardians to release school / LEA administrators / employees of liabilitySigned statement by parents / guardians to release school / LEA administrators / employees of liability Science Laboratory Safety Manual pg 202-205

70 What Can Teachers Do? Provide adequate supervisionProvide adequate supervision Use the minimum amount of chemicals needed and insure security of chemical storage, never allow chemicals out of the lab or use prohibited chemicalsUse the minimum amount of chemicals needed and insure security of chemical storage, never allow chemicals out of the lab or use prohibited chemicals Pre-teach all lab activities and explain what can happen due to horseplay etc.Pre-teach all lab activities and explain what can happen due to horseplay etc. Use safety contractsUse safety contracts Choose experiments of appropriate nature and age levelChoose experiments of appropriate nature and age level

71 What Can Teachers Do, cont.? Attend safety trainings when availableAttend safety trainings when available Maintain laboratory equipment and only use for its designed purposeMaintain laboratory equipment and only use for its designed purpose Dispose of chemicals accordinglyDispose of chemicals accordingly Provide PPE for yourself and your studentsProvide PPE for yourself and your students Never leave your classroom during a labNever leave your classroom during a lab Never allow a substitute to perform a labNever allow a substitute to perform a lab Never perform a lab outside the labNever perform a lab outside the lab

72 Teachers Need to Know… Questions on Student Safety Contract regarding: Allergies Medical conditions Color blindness Contact lenses Student’s medical problems / special needs (Guidance counselors) Teachers should know ”First Responders” in school Science Laboratory Safety Manual pg 33

73 First Aid Kits Compresses for bleeding Adhesive bandages and tape Eye pads Bulk gauze Cold packs Scissors Tweezers First Aid book May have Ipecac, charcoal Science Laboratory Safety Manual pg 195

74 What Must NOT Be In First Aid Kits TourniquetsTourniquets MerthiolateMerthiolate MercurochromeMercurochrome OintmentsOintments CreamsCreams Aspirin (or other medications to be taken internallyAspirin (or other medications to be taken internally S&SCS Science Laboratory Safety Manual – pgs 195

75 First Aid Procedures Using wound coveringsUsing wound coverings Cleaning, soaking, flushing of surface woundsCleaning, soaking, flushing of surface wounds Hot or cold therapyHot or cold therapy Support bandages or immobilizationSupport bandages or immobilization Removing splintersRemoving splinters Flushing of eye to remove foreign objectsFlushing of eye to remove foreign objects Using massageUsing massage Drinking fluids for heat reliefDrinking fluids for heat relief S&SCS Science Laboratory Safety Manual – pgs 196

76 First Aid Procedures Call for assistance and follow school procedures (1st Responders, Nurse, Trainer) Know LEA policies Consult MSDS if appropriate Emergency numbers Call doctor if necessary Call parents Fill out School Accident Reports ASAP (OSHA) S&SCS Science Laboratory Safety Manual – pg 196

77 Standard Operating Procedures Practice emergency procedures with studentsPractice emergency procedures with students Have students involved in laboratory safetyHave students involved in laboratory safety If student has a chemical accident, be sure the school nurse / Rescue Team / Physician has a copy of the chemical MSDSIf student has a chemical accident, be sure the school nurse / Rescue Team / Physician has a copy of the chemical MSDS Document! Document! Document!Document! Document! Document!

78 First Aid and Standard Operating Procedures Chemical burns – skin and eyesChemical burns – skin and eyes –Skin—flush with water –Eyes—flush with water for 15 minutes Ingestion – seek medical attentionIngestion – seek medical attention Heat burnsHeat burns FireFire Electrical burns / accidentsElectrical burns / accidents CutsCuts Broken bonesBroken bones Inhalation of smoke & toxic fumes - move to fresh airInhalation of smoke & toxic fumes - move to fresh air Biological injuries – bites, scratches, ingestion of poisonous plant partsBiological injuries – bites, scratches, ingestion of poisonous plant parts Allergic reactions to animals / plants / insectsAllergic reactions to animals / plants / insects Weather conditionsWeather conditions S&SCS Science Laboratory Safety Manual – pgs 196-201

79 Safety Inspections & Being Proactive Site Safety Tours and InspectionsSite Safety Tours and Inspections Develop Safety Committees in Science ClassesDevelop Safety Committees in Science Classes Proactive Risk Analyses (What-If? Analysis) prior to starting an activity.Proactive Risk Analyses (What-If? Analysis) prior to starting an activity. Electrical SafetyElectrical Safety –Limit Use of Extension Cords –Use only 3 prong plugs if possible


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