Social Categorisation Whether for sociological purposes or in everyday life, categorisation and knowing the world are inseparable (Bruner, 1957).
Appearances Physiognomy:Johann Caspar Lavatar (1742-1801) The various thoughts which arise in the mind, the different passions which agitate the soul of man, are respectively connected with his features and the external parts of his frame; and so intimate is their correspondence, that the expression of the countenance, more rapid than speech, betrays his sentiments and emotions, and gives to his utterance energy and animation(Essays on Physiognomy: 1806-09).
Dramaturgy: Erving Goffman Goffmans theatrical metaphor: All the worlds a stage, and all the men and women merely players…
Performances Front Setting Scripts Sacred & Profane Routine
Impression Management & Expressive Control Appearance Manner Giving Off
Roles Idealization Role Distance Self-Distantiation Discrepant Roles
Team Performances Make-work Dark Secrets Strategic Secrets Insider Secrets The Hard Sell
Regions & Region Behaviour Territories of the Self Front Stage Back Stage
Stigma: Notes on The Management of Spoiled Identity (1963) 1) Normalcy & Alarms 2) Boundaries 3) Stigma 4) Forms of Stigma 5) Stigma & Everyday Interaction 6) Negotiating Stigma 7) The Experience of Stigma 8) Consumerism, Self Identity & Stigma
Normalcy & Alarms When the human or animal senses that something is unnatural or wrong, that something is up, he is sensing a sudden opportunity or threat in his current situation. Goffman (1971)
Boundaries Anthony Giddens: Ontological Security Peter Freund: Dramaturgical Stress
Stigma …the situation of the individual who is disqualified from full social acceptance. Goffman (1963)
Forms of Stigma Abominations of the Body Blemishes of Character Tribal Stigma
Stigma & Everyday Interaction Virtual/Actual Social Identity Stigma is Situational- (The Own & the Wise) Repair, Embarrassment or Rejection