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Voting Behaviour 1.Introduction 2. Participation 3. Results 1992-2005 4. Voting by Social Class 5. Voting by Nations and Regions 6. Voting by Sex 7.

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Presentation on theme: "Voting Behaviour 1.Introduction 2. Participation 3. Results 1992-2005 4. Voting by Social Class 5. Voting by Nations and Regions 6. Voting by Sex 7."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 Voting Behaviour

3 1.Introduction 2. Participation 3. Results 1992-2005 4. Voting by Social Class 5. Voting by Nations and Regions 6. Voting by Sex 7. Voting by Age 8. Voting by Religion and Ethnicity 9. Conclusions

4 1. Introduction

5 Some Basic Considerations zRelative Parameters of Party Support zFluctuations within the parameters zProblem of distinguishing between temporary and long term changes in party support

6 Influences on Voters zSocial Class zEmployment Sector zNational/Regional Location zHousing Tenure zAge zSex zReligion/Ethnicity

7 2. Participation zPost-War Average circa 73 per cent zHighest 84.0 per cent, 1950 zLowest 59.4 per cent, 2001 z 1992, 77.7 per cent

8 1992-1997 zConservative Vote 14.1 m to 9.6m zLabour Vote 11.6m to 13.5 m zLibDems 6.0m to 5.2m zReferendum Party 0.8m from Labour 1.5m from Conservatives zConservative Abstention around 1.0 m.

9 3 Results 1992- 2005

10 4 Voting by Social Class

11 Social Class Distribution of the electorate zA. Upper Managerial 4% zB Lower Managerial & Professional 25% zC1 Other Non-Manual 22% zC2 Skilled Manual Workers 27% zD Semi-Skilled Manual Workers 16% zUnskilled Manual Workers 5% zOther 1%

12 Voting by Social Class, 2005

13 Class Voting by Con Lead over Lab Oct 1974-2005

14 Voting by House Tenure 2001

15 5. Voting by the Nations and Regions

16 Voting by Nation 2005

17 Voting by Nation 2005: Northern Ireland 2001 & 2005

18 Turnout Nations, 2005

19 Voting By English Regions 2005 (a)

20 Voting By English Regions 2005 (b)

21 6 Voting by Sex, 1992, 2001 & 2005

22 7 Voting By Age, 2005

23 Turnout By Age, 2005

24 8 Religion and Ethnicity zNorthern Ireland, especially zEthnic Minorities

25 9 Conclusions zClass remains the basis of voting behaviour z…...but there has been a measure of class dealignment zDecline in strength of party identification zVoters are become more instrumental zA general rise in support for Third Parties


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