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The United Kingdom Party System: The myth of the United Kingdoms Two-Party System.

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Presentation on theme: "The United Kingdom Party System: The myth of the United Kingdoms Two-Party System."— Presentation transcript:

1 The United Kingdom Party System: The myth of the United Kingdoms Two-Party System.

2 1.Introduction (a) Electoral and Legislative Party System (b) Sartoris Definition of a Two-Party System 2.Development of the Party System (a) Early Stages (b) Emergence of Multi-Party System (c) Development of Two-Party System 3.Recent Party System 4. Summary and Conclusion

3 1 Introduction

4 We have a two-party system whenever the existence of other parties does not prevent either of the two major parties from governing alone And……. Sartoris Definition of a Two- Party System

5 The margin between the two major parties is close enough so that the party in opposition has a chance to oust the governing party

6 Two Aspects The Electoral Party System The Legislative Party System

7 2 Development of the Party System

8 (a) Early Stages Ins and Outs (pre-1832) Two-Party System ( )

9 (b) Emergence of Multi- Party System Conservatives Liberals The Irish Nationalists The Liberal Unionists Crofters The Labour Party

10 Parties 1892 Conservatives 268 Liberals 268 Irish Nationalists 81 Liberal Unionists 47 Crofters 5 Ind Labour 1

11 Not Two-Party but Bi-Polar Left Pole Liberals Labour Irish Nationalists Right Pole Conservatives Liberal Unionists

12 (c)Moves Toward Two-Party System post 1918 Consequence of Irish Independence Decline of the Liberals but….

13 ... Labour needed Liberals to form governments, 1924 & Dominant Party System emerged in the 1930s (1935 Conservatives 432, Labour 154, Liberals 21)

14 (d) Two-Party System, Weakness of Regional/National Divisions Few Socio-Political Cleavages The Electoral System

15 3 Recent Party System

16 Features Assertion of National Particularisms Weakening of Class-Based Politics Crises in the Labour and Conservative Parties

17 2005 General Election Labour 356* Con. 198 Lib/Dem 62 SNP 6 Plaid Cymru 3 Kidmster Hsp 1 Respect 1 Ind (Lab) 1 Ulster U 1 Democratic U 9 SDLP 3 Sinn Fein 5 *Inc. Speaker

18 Complications in Elections Electors have a choice of a number parties. U.K. Independence (496) Green Party (183) British National Party (119) Veritas (66) Scottish Socialist Party (58) Socialist Labour Party (50) Respect (26); Legalist Cannabis Alliance (21); Mebyon Kernow (4); Official Monster Raving Loony (20); Remove Tetra Masts in Cornwall (1)

19 4 Summary & Conclusion

20 Economic Axis Territorial Axis Labour Conservative Sinn Fein SNP SDLP Liberals Ulster Unionists UKIP

21 Concluding Points The System is NOT Two-Party The System is Unstable Future Developments Unpredictable


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