Presentation on theme: "Main Themes 1. Housework – is it work? 2. Working at home – an anachronism? 3. Working from home – why hasnt the future happened?"— Presentation transcript:
Main Themes 1. Housework – is it work? 2. Working at home – an anachronism? 3. Working from home – why hasnt the future happened?
Separation of home and work 1. A distinctive aspect of industrialisation 2. Domestic production replaced by domestic consumption – demand creation 3. Ensure the production and reproduction of (alienated) labour e.g.: emotional repair emotional repair primary socialisation
Housework NOT Labour 1. No contract of employment (but what of family law?) 2. No exchange of labour for pay (but what of housekeeping?)
Housework IS Labour Nevertheless, 1. There is effort 2. There is a product 3. There is rationalisation 4. There is performance assessment
Working AT Home & FROM Home (main questions) At Home 1. A pre-industrial relic or continuing exploitation of hidden labour? 2. Compounding or mitigation of social disadvantage? From Home 1. Why now?; Information revolution + second industrial revolution? 2. Autonomy or distanced control? 3. What benefits what costs and for whom? 4. Why so little take-up?
Social distribution of from home work U.K. 2.4 million teleworkers = 7.4% of workforce Labour Market Distribution 74% private sector (43% self-employed). 13% annual increase Managers & Professionals = approx 66% Gender = approx. 66% male. Source Hotopp. U. Teleworking in the UK. (DTI website)
Working AT Home &FROM Home (main distinctions) 1. Low tech vs. High tech 2. Manufacturing/clerical vs. Professional/managerial 3. Secondary sector vs. Peripheral Primary sector 4. Female vs. Male 5. Socially marginal vs. Socially mainstream 6. Hidden vs. Encouraged
Working At Home & From Home (main similarities) 1. Distancing and risk-shifting 2. Social isolation. Absence of fringe benefits/ networks 3. Permanent availability for intermittent work