2CH3-1 Building Blocks of Social Structure Social structure is a network of interrelated statuses and roles that guides human interaction.A status is a socially defined position in society, while a role is the behavior, or the rights and obligations, attached to a status.A social institution is a system of statuses and roles organized to satisfy one or more of society’s basic needs.
3Achieved vs. Ascribed Status Achieved Status is a status that is either earned or chosen through an individual’s direct efforts.Ascribed Status is a status that is assigned and beyond a person’s control.
4Master StatusMaster Status is the one status that ranks higher that all others and plays the greatest role in shaping a person’s life and determining his or her social identity.
5Role Conflict vs. Role Strain Role Conflict-occurs with the fulfilling the role of one status makes it difficult to fulfill the role of another status.Ex: Mom who is also an executiveEx: Student who is also an athleteRole Strain-occurs when a person has difficulty meeting the role expectations of a single status.Ex: Student during “finals week”
6CH3-2 Types of Social Interaction ExchangeCompetitionConflictCooperationAccommodation
7CH3-3 Types of Societies Pre-Industrial Industrial Post-Industrial Hunter GathererPastoralHorticulturalAgriculturalIndustrialPost-Industrial
8CH3-4 Groups within Society Primary Group is a small group of people who interact over a relatively long period of time on a direct and personal basis.Secondary Group is a group in which interaction is impersonal and temporary in nature.
9CH3-5 The Structure of Formal Organizations Division of LaborRanking of AuthorityEmployment based on formal qualificationsWritten rules and regulationsSpecific lines of promotion and advancement
10Problems with Bureaucracies They no longer fulfill original roles-for example governments agencies emphasize their need to exist, regardless of whether or not they continues to provide useful services.Official structure of bureaucracies requires that rules be followed-sometimes at the expense of common sense.Employees may tend to feel alienated.
11CH3 Review AssignmentComprehension & Critical Thinking p. 82 #1-15 Complete terms for CH3-1, CH3-2, CH3-3, CH3-4, CH3-5
12CH3 Test 60 points possible 15 Matching18 Multiple Choice5 True/False1 Extra Credit8 Short AnswerRole Conflict/ExampleRole Strain/ExampleZimbardo’s Prison Experiment4 Key features of a groupPrimary vs. Secondary Groups5 Types of Social Interaction/Example of each2 Benefits and 2 Problems with bureaucracies