2 ELEMENTS OF A SHORT STORY: SETTINGPLOT (5 stages)CONFLICTCHARACTERNARRATIONPOINT OF VIEWTHEME
3 How does a short story differ from a novel? What are the key features of a short story?
4 SETTING Where and when the story takes place. Place Time Weather Social conditionsMood / atmosphere
5 PLOT The sequence of events in the story. There are 5 essential parts to the plot:Introduction / ExpositionRising Action (CONFLICT introduced)ClimaxFalling ActionDenouement / Resolution
6 PLOT - CONFLICT Conflict is essential to the plot of a short story. Conflict not necessarily an argument or fight. Refers to any form of opposition facing main character.2 types of conflict:External or Internal
7 PLOT – CONFLICT cont. There are four general kinds of conflict: Man v. Man (physical)Man v. Circumstances (classical)Man v. Society (social)Man v. Him/Herself (psychological)
8 CHARACTERShort Stories use few well-developed characters – usually only one or two MAJOR characters.They usually feature a PROTAGONIST and an ANTAGONIST.
9 POINT OF VIEW / NARRATION The narrator is the person telling the story (often a character).Point of View refers to the way the narrator tells the story. For example:First personThird personOmniscient
10 THEME Controlling idea / underlying meaning / main idea. The title of a short story often relates to its theme.Figures of speech often used to emphasise theme (e.g. symbol / allusion / simile / metaphor / hyperbole / irony).
11 ELEMENTS OF A SHORT STORY: SETTINGPLOT (5 stages)CONFLICTCHARACTERNARRATIONPOINT OF VIEWTHEME