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IR2501 THEORIES OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS Lecture 15 Gramscian Theory.

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Presentation on theme: "IR2501 THEORIES OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS Lecture 15 Gramscian Theory."— Presentation transcript:

1 IR2501 THEORIES OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS Lecture 15 Gramscian Theory

2 Antonio Gramsci ( ) Founder of the Communist Party of Italy (1921) Elected to the Italian Parliament (1924) Imprisoned by Mussolinis Fascist Government in 1926 Principal work: Quaderni de Carcere Prison Notebooks ( )

3 Intellectual Roots Niccolo Machiavelli ( ) Karl Marx ( )

4 Philosophy Radical social ontologyan ontology of praxis, an understanding of social reality as the conscious creation of human history

5 Philosophy (Continued) Gramsci: Reality is a product of the application of human will to the society of things, and this process of producing reality entails the historical transformation of human beings and their social lives.

6 TWO PRINCIPAL SOURCES MARXISM ITALIAN PHILOSOPHY

7 Conventional Marxist Model SUPERSTRUCTURE BASE

8 Major Elements of Gramscian Theory Critique of Economic Determinism Concept of Hegemony Theory of Hegemony

9 Critique of Economic Determinism Significance of culture and social consciousness Background: Success of revolution in the East (Russia), failure in the West Implicit critique of false consciousness thesis

10 Concept of Hegemony Distinction between mainstream and Gramscian understandings of hegemony Mainstream: power as capability or power as a relation

11 Gramscian Concept of Power Dual nature of power Centaur: half-man, half-beast Coercion and Consent (capability and moral leadership)

12 Gramscian Theory of Hegemony Dual nature of power Distinction between Dominance and Hegemony Political society/Civil society nexus

13 Theory of Hegemony (Continued) Significance of Civil Society Institutions of Civil society Moral education

14 SUMMARY Expanded notion of power Significance of cultural hegemony Civil society/State nexus


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