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Bertrand Russell Traditional Power Naked Power Revolutionary Power Hereditary Power – gentlemen.

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Presentation on theme: "Bertrand Russell Traditional Power Naked Power Revolutionary Power Hereditary Power – gentlemen."— Presentation transcript:

1 Bertrand Russell Traditional Power Naked Power Revolutionary Power Hereditary Power – gentlemen

2 Bertrand Russell Intellectual Power CEOs Political Power – Machine/charisma

3 Bertrand Russell Influencing individuals by power/rewards/influencing opinion Pig/donkey/performing animals

4 Max Weber the probability that an actor in a social relationship will be in a position to carry out his own will despite resistance, regardless of the basis on which this probability rests

5 Max Weber the chance of a man or a number of men to realize their own will even against the resistance of others who are participating in the action actual or hypothetical?

6 Robert Dahl The Concept of Power A has the power over B to the extent that he can get B to do something that B would not otherwise do A manipulate B to do same thing in different way? – run/jump

7 Steven Lukes A Radical View Critique & all Weber/Dahl talking about is power over something else – behavioural 1-dimensional power

8 Bachrach & Baratz Two Faces of Power to the extent that a person or group – consciously or unconsciously – creates or reinforces barriers to the public airing of policy conflicts, that person or group has power

9 Bachrach & Baratz Key issues Coercion/influence/authority/force/ manipulation Controlling the agenda – government/media

10 Steven Lukes A Radical View 3 rd dimension – power can shape & modify beliefs & desires in way individuals do not want and against their interests Who can control whom?

11 Steven Lukes Make some more attractive at expense of others Newspapers – cost or ban? Communist societies – participation mass demonstrations/party membership

12 1 st Dimension Lukes, A Radical View Focus Behaviour Decision-making Issues Overt conflict Subjective interests

13 2 nd Dimension Focus Decision/non-decision making Issues & potential issues Overt or covert conflict Subjective interests

14 3 rd Dimension Focus Decision-making & control over agenda Issues & potential issues Overt,covert & latent conflict Subjective & real interests

15 Conclusions Russell – multifaceted Weber – recognise own will regardless of others Dahl – control over someone else Bachrach & Baratz – ability to control agenda Lukes – control even if against interests

16 Conclusions 1-dimensional – behavioural 2-dimensional – decision/non-decision making 3-dimensional – decision making & control over agenda


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