Presentation on theme: "Bertrand Russell Traditional Power Naked Power Revolutionary Power Hereditary Power – gentlemen."— Presentation transcript:
Bertrand Russell Traditional Power Naked Power Revolutionary Power Hereditary Power – gentlemen
Bertrand Russell Intellectual Power CEOs Political Power – Machine/charisma
Bertrand Russell Influencing individuals by power/rewards/influencing opinion Pig/donkey/performing animals
Max Weber the probability that an actor in a social relationship will be in a position to carry out his own will despite resistance, regardless of the basis on which this probability rests
Max Weber the chance of a man or a number of men to realize their own will even against the resistance of others who are participating in the action actual or hypothetical?
Robert Dahl The Concept of Power A has the power over B to the extent that he can get B to do something that B would not otherwise do A manipulate B to do same thing in different way? – run/jump
Steven Lukes A Radical View Critique & all Weber/Dahl talking about is power over something else – behavioural 1-dimensional power
Bachrach & Baratz Two Faces of Power to the extent that a person or group – consciously or unconsciously – creates or reinforces barriers to the public airing of policy conflicts, that person or group has power
Steven Lukes A Radical View 3 rd dimension – power can shape & modify beliefs & desires in way individuals do not want and against their interests Who can control whom?
Steven Lukes Make some more attractive at expense of others Newspapers – cost or ban? Communist societies – participation mass demonstrations/party membership
1 st Dimension Lukes, A Radical View Focus Behaviour Decision-making Issues Overt conflict Subjective interests
2 nd Dimension Focus Decision/non-decision making Issues & potential issues Overt or covert conflict Subjective interests
3 rd Dimension Focus Decision-making & control over agenda Issues & potential issues Overt,covert & latent conflict Subjective & real interests
Conclusions Russell – multifaceted Weber – recognise own will regardless of others Dahl – control over someone else Bachrach & Baratz – ability to control agenda Lukes – control even if against interests
Conclusions 1-dimensional – behavioural 2-dimensional – decision/non-decision making 3-dimensional – decision making & control over agenda