Presentation on theme: "Continued. II. The Birth of Political Parties A. Political Parties Emerge 1.James Madison, Thomas Jefferson, Alexander Hamilton, and George Washington."— Presentation transcript:
II. The Birth of Political Parties A. Political Parties Emerge 1.James Madison, Thomas Jefferson, Alexander Hamilton, and George Washington all believed factions were not good for the country. 2.A faction was an organized political group. 3.By the early 1790’s two political parties were beginning to form
B. Republicans Against Federalists 1. Republicans took their name from political clubs called Democratic-Republican societies. a- They argued that the fed. gov. was growing too strong under President Washington. They felt most power should stay at the state and local level. b-Republicans were supported by southern planters, Northern farmers and artisans.
2. Federalists took their name from the people who had supported the adoption of the Const. after 1787. a. Federalists said the United States needed a strong fed. gov. to hold the country together and deal with problems. b. They were supported by merchants, other property owners and ordinary workers.
C. The Election of 1796 1. The Republicans nominated Thomas Jefferson and the Federalist nominated John Adams. 2. In 1796, President and Vice President were not elected together as a ticket, as they are today. Instead the candidate getting second place became the V.P. 3. The result was Adams, a Federalist, was elected President and Jefferson, a Republican, became V.P.