Presentation on theme: "The WATER CYCLE BY: FRANZ ABENOJAR 8-MANDELA SEPTEMBER 4, 2015."— Presentation transcript:
The WATER CYCLE BY: FRANZ ABENOJAR 8-MANDELA SEPTEMBER 4, 2015
What is the water cycle? The water cycle is an endless cycle that describes the existence and the movement of water on, in and above the earth. It all starts with the water vapor, the process of changing liquid to gas then, goes above the atmosphere.
Water vapor ► First of all, it all starts in the ocean. Because of the sun, heats up the water and turns them into vapor. Then, the vapor reaches to the atmosphere and then starts making rain. The process is known as condensation, which means turns gas to water. The process when the sun heats up the water and the formation of clouds.
Transpiration The process by which moisture through plants from roots Small pores on the underside of leaves Changes to vapor Released to atmosphere Evaporation of water from plant leaves Guttation
Precipitation ► Water released from clouds ► The types of precipitation are snow, rain, hail and sleet ► Condensed from vapor ► Formed by ice crystals in very cold places ► Pellets of frozen rain from cumulonimbus clouds ► Composed of rain and partially melted snow
Condensation The process that gas cools down and forms to liquid. The process forms the clouds. The process makes the raindrops. The process is responsible or ground-level fog. In the air, it is very cold and high, then also makes fog.
Groundwater Underground water Cracks and spaces Drinking water >50% people drink groundwater in the United States Almost everyone lives in rural areas Irrigate crops Deep and shallow water table Heavy rains and melting snow causes the water table to rise Water table falls Important to human life
Surface Runoff The flow of water that occurs when excess storm water, meltwater and other sources flows over the Earth’s surface. Occurs when soil reaches full capacity because rain arrives more quickly than the soil that can absorb water Overland flow occurs in surfaces before reaching a channel Runoff on land areas is known as a watershed