Presentation on theme: "Value creation from IS Integration: From ASP to Web Services? Wendy.L.Currie Warwick Business School Presentation at ESRC Seminar – Nottingham University."— Presentation transcript:
Value creation from IS Integration: From ASP to Web Services? Wendy.L.Currie Warwick Business School Presentation at ESRC Seminar – Nottingham University Business School, UK June 2004
Overview EPSRC and ESRC Funded Research Project 2000-2004 The ASP market - A Flawed e-business model? Web Services - Integration: The Missing Link? Case Study – Implementing A Compliance System in the Financial Services Sector
Research studies £ 193,000 from EPSRC: Assessing the deployment, hosting and integration of business-critical information systems by application service providers (BC-ASP). October 01-September 03. £ 258,000 (plus £ 195,000 to Fullard Learning Ltd and DCS.com Ltd) from ESRC: Developing a risk- assessment framework for deploying, hosting and integrating vertical and horizontal information systems by application service providers (ASP-VH). March 02-February 04.
ASP Definition An ASP manages and delivers application capabilities to multiple entities from data centres across a wide area network (WAN). ASP Industry Consortium
Early predictions – ASP Market $23 Billion by 2003 Forrester, 2000 DataQuest, 2000 $22.7 Billion by 2003 $19.2 Billion by 2003 Yankee Group, 2000 $24 Billion by 2005 IDC, 2001 $18 Billion by 2005 Gartner Group, 2001
Spending on ASPs IDC says companies spent roughly $245 million on application service provider (ASP) services in 2001 Manufacturers spent $221 million on ASP services in 2001 But 60% of ASPs predicted not to survive! (Gartner Group)
Key Drivers of the ASP Industry BUSINESS DRIVERS Adopt a Utility model Software provided as a service Focus on core competencies Reduce total cost of ownership (TCO) Better value proposition Agility and flexibility MARKET DRIVERS Global competition New business (e.g. ERP vendors) Faster time to market De-regulation, consolidation, standardisation Global IT skill shortage TECHNICAL DRIVERS Access to technical expertise Information delivered through internet and corporate intranets Global access to information Parallel to converged networks Standardised solutions Net-centric applications
A comparison of traditional and application outsourcing Traditional OutsourcingApplication Outsourcing Software licence owned by the customer Software licence owned by the vendor One to one relationship between vendor and customer One to many relationship between vendor and customers Legacy software application paid for by customer No up-front costs to customer Price based upon s/w license and maintenance Price based upon usage Software as a productSoftware as a service S/W application located at customer site S/W application located at supplier site
ASP and Integration Integration of applications across multiple platforms, sites and environments Business process re-design through integration To create a seamless IT organisation Integration of billing information into auditing and reporting systems To create an infrastructure for better manageability To achieve faster software application implementation Resultant synergy from combination of applications
Scale, Scope and Integration - Definitions Scale – the extent to which a firm enters into outsourcing contracts in relation to vendor capabilities Scope – the extent to which it is possible to source specific activities, tasks, processes or applications from a third party vendor Integration – the extent to which software applications can be integrated across business processes
Scale, Scope and Integration of Outsourcing: the key challenge Scale 000s Scope Complexity Integration Full Service Providers (FSPs) Projected Market Actual Market Pure-Play ASP (One- ClickHR.com, Netledger) Enterprise ASP, (J.D.Edwards, SAP, Corio, Aristasoft)
Examples of Flawed ASP business models Enterprise ASPs – Difficult to sell vanilla ERP to SMBs (example – JD.Edwards) Vertical ASPs – Customisation and integration/not one-to-many (Aristasoft) Pure-play ASPs – No profits from commodity software applications (email) (E-Carisma) Infrastructure ASPs – Over-capacity of network/datacentres, no channel to market (Cable & Wireless)
The first-phase ASP market – a false start One-to-many became same-for-all No profits from commodity software applications (email, MS office, etc) ASPs focused too much on marketing – not on revenue generation SMBs were unconvinced about the benefits of the ASP model ASPs failed to create value for customers Technology platforms/software not web- centric
ASP and Web Services Convergence between telecommunications and computing industries will continue Market consolidation of ASP vendors Web services will facilitate BPO Value creation through customization and integration ASP vendors need to develop business models which address scale, scope and integration
ASP and Web Services Commodity ASP 1990s One-to-many – point solution 24x7 availability High scalability Economies of Scale Efficiency (of business applications) Individual performance improvement Utility pricing models Packaged Stand-alone applications Functional data/information Application integration Remote C/V relationship Application outsourcing Service Level Agreement (SLA) Application-centric Continuous improvement Inter-departmental change Technology peripheral to core business Silo effect Web Services 2000+ Many-to-many - Enterprise-wide 24x7 availability Unlimited Scalability Economies of Scale and Scope Adaptiveness (to business change) Enterprise-wide improvement Multiple, fluctuating pricing models Component based applications Business Intelligence Synergy of combination of applications Loosely-coupled C/V relationship Business process outsourcing Multiple SLAs Industry-centric Changing Industry/market dynamics Industry-wide change Mixed technology portfolio Synergistic (more than the sum of the parts)
Web Services Definition Web Services are loosely coupled software components delivered over Internet standard technologies. A Web Service represents a business function or business service and can be accessed by another application…over public networks using generally available protocols.. (IDC, 2001).
IntegrationCollaborationInnovationDomination Experimentation with Web Services with small, internal integration projects SOAP-enablement of legacy applications and ERP, CRM systems Fast cycles of learning reach the limits of early Web services, unprepared IT architectures Increase in shared information across the business Experimentation with WS outside firewalls Increasing interaction with trading partners and customers Close trading partners implement Web services to drive shared value External trading partners begin sharing information to drive industry value chain benefits Lessons from integration and collaboration applied to new processes and business models New distributed WS processes and applications drive business change Dramatic business results are achieved as WS are applied in many ways, driving new value propositions First movers begin to assert their dominance over respective markets and industries Industry dominance achieved by innovating new business models as well as out-executing competitors Web services leaders win through rapid innovation and cycles of learning Web services mastery creates new company and industry structures as boundaries are redefined Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Phases of Web Services Adoption Source: Marks and Werrell, 2003
AttributeFirm AFirm B Existing systemFour different systems that could not connect with each other Excel spread sheets and paper based deal tickets SizePart of a group that employed 22,000. The 120 users managed corporate pension plans, private clients and wealthy individual investors. Twelve dealers. Thirty employees, the four fund managers also dealt their own trades. InfrastructureWindows NT, LAN and WAN. All Oracle and SQLServer database systems in US Windows XP. SQLServer database In-house skillsExpert DBA, network teams, 24hr help desk, in- house training No expert IT skills Implementation TeamOver 20 at its peak (1 external)2 core people (both external) Compliance RulesOver 25,000Over 350 Accounts and Positions15,000 accounts: 250,000 positions25 accounts, 2,500 positions Securities TradedDebt (10%) Equity (60%) Unit Trusts (10%) Money Market (10%) Foreign Exchange (10%) Debt (60%) Derivative (35%) Equity (5%) Time to implement3 years6 months
Web Services Web Reports Excel/Access Windows Messaging Internet and Intranet Database Client Order Management System Value Added Web Services
Conclusion Market driven towards using Web services for straight through processing From One to Many (ASP) to Many to Many (Web Services) Speed of Integration improved with standardisation of interfaces (XML) Increased liquidity (i.e. allows more buyers/sellers to trade simultaneously)
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