2 VocabularyCardiorespiratory Endurance – The ability of the heart, lungs, and blood vessels to utilize and send fuel and oxygen to the body’s tissues during moderate to intense exercise.Muscular Strength – the amount of force a muscle can exert.Muscular Endurance – The ability of the muscles to perform physical tasks over a period of time without becoming fatigued.
3 More VocabFlexibility – The ability to move a body part through a full range of motion.Body Composition – The ratio or percentage of body fat to lean body tissue (muscle bone, water, etc.)Exercise – Purposeful physical activity that is planned, structured, and repetitive and maintains person fitness.
4 Improving Your Fitness Aerobic Exercise – Any activity that uses large muscle groups, is rhythmic, and can be maintained for at least 10 minutes three times a day or 30 minutes once a day (running, swimming).Anaerobic Exercise – Intense short burst of activity which the muscle work so hard that they produce energy without losing oxygen (100 meter dash).
5 The relationship among body composition, diet, and fitness. A nutritious balanced diet and regular physical activity will help maintain a healthy body composition.
6 Effects of resistance training on the muscular and skeletal systems. It improves muscular strength and endurance and strengthens bones.
7 Benefits of Aerobic Exercise Strengthens the heart muscle which allows it to pump more efficiently.Increase lung capacity.
8 Target Heart RateTurn to page 84 in your book and complete Real Life Application on Target Heart Rate. Do not do the activity, just find your target heart rate calculations
9 How to improve flexibility? Stretching exercises – move slowly and gently.
10 How to improve and maintain bone strength Calcium – found in dairy products and green veggies.Resistance training – walking and stair climbing force you to work against gravity.
11 Types of Resistance Training Isometric Exercise – Tension is used to improve muscular strength with little to no movement (pushing on a wall)Isotonic Exercise – Muscles contract and movement is repeated (push ups)Isokinetic Exercise – Resistance is moved through an entire range of motion at a controlled speed (treadmill)