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NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE Welcome to the Information Sharing Workshop NIGB would like to thank County Durham.

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Presentation on theme: "NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE Welcome to the Information Sharing Workshop NIGB would like to thank County Durham."— Presentation transcript:

1 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE Welcome to the Information Sharing Workshop NIGB would like to thank County Durham and Tees Valley Information Governance Leads Group who allowed us to adapt this workshop from their original workshop materials

2 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE Speakers National Information Governance Board Main Office Number

3 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE Today is About… …Sharing Information: –Safely –Legally and –Confidentially

4 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE What is Information Governance? Information Governance (IG) is the overall framework of policies, procedures, standards and responsibilities for managing an organisations information assets. It covers all information in all formats (manual & electronic). Main areas of Information Governance: Managing information governance Information/ records management Information Quality assurance Information Security Legal compliance Codes of Practice FOI Act 2000

5 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE What are the Standards? Information Quality Assurance Codes of Practice Information Security Assurance IG Toolkit Records Management Care Record Guarantees Local Policies Caldicott Report

6 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE Why is IG Important? helps all staff to manage information helps to ensure all staff comply with the law helps staff to share information across organisations can help to improve decision making To meet obligations and responsibilities

7 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE So….. IG ensures personal information is dealt with legally, securely, ethically, efficiently and effectively and we can ensure the confidence of the individual

8 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE The Legal Context The Data Protection Act 1998 The Human Rights Act 1998 The Health and Social Care Act 2008 Common Law of Confidentiality Administrative Law FOI Act 2000 Other Legislation e.g. –Children Act, Mental Capacity Act, Gender recognition Act, Adoption Act.

9 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE A Duty of Confidence A duty of confidence arises when one person discloses information to another (e.g. individual to clinician, client to social worker) in circumstances where it is reasonable to expect that the information will be held in confidence or where it is obvious the information is confidential in nature. The duty of confidence - –Is a legal obligation derived from case-law. –Is a requirement within professional codes of conduct. –Is included within many employment contracts as a specific requirement linked to disciplinary procedures.

10 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE The Confidentiality Model INFORM PROTECT IMPROVE PROVIDE CHOICE

11 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE An individuals information Procedures to ensure that all staff, contractors and volunteers are fully aware of responsibilities regarding confidentiality Recording an individuals information accurately and consistently Keeping information physically secure Maintaining confidentiality Disclosing and using information with appropriate care PROTECT

12 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE Service Users Effectively No Surprises! Check (where practicable) that leaflets or other guidance on confidentiality has been understood Make clear to individuals when information is recorded or service records accessed Make clear to service users when information may be disclosed to others Inform

13 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE Check that individuals have no concerns about how their information is disclosed and used Answer any queries personally or direct to those who can answer Respect the rights of individuals and help them exercise their right to access their service record Service Users Effectively No Surprises! Inform

14 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE Provide Choice Ask the individual before using personal information in ways that do not contribute directly to, or support, the purpose Respect the individuals decisions to restrict disclosure or use of information, except in exceptional circumstances Communicate effectively with service users to ensure they understand the implications of non-disclosure Provide Choice

15 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE Wherever Possible It is not possible to achieve best practice overnight. Staff must: –Be aware of the issues surrounding confidentiality and seek training or support where uncertain in order to deal with them appropriately –Report possible breaches or risk of breaches Improve Improve

16 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE Death of Baby Peter In August 2007 Baby Peter died of horrific injuries inflicted by his carers He had suffered over 50 injuries despite receiving 60 visits from social workers, doctors and the police over an 8 month period Laming enquiry criticised failings in information sharing between agencies, the poor training and support given to over-stretched front-line staff and the red tape hampering social workers

17 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE What Guidance is Available National information sharing guidance produced by Childrens Services including information sharing pocket guide and dvd Every Child Matters reforms 2004 – 2008 new guidance was issued to reflect current policy for practitioners working with both adults and childrens services Information Sharing Protocols Social Care Record Guarantee, NHS Care Record Guarantee National Information Governance Board (NIGB) Recognise that a difference of culture may exist with the agencies you wish to share information with and work to removing barriers where there is a legitimate legal reason for sharing.

18 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE What does this mean? Where possible we should respect the wishes of individuals who do not consent to share confidential information. You may still share information, if in your judgement on the facts of the case, there is sufficient need to override the lack of consent Seek advice when in doubt, especially where your doubt relates to a concern about possible significant harm to a child, vulnerable adult or serious harm to others You should ensure that the information you share is: –Accurate and up-to-date (historical information maybe relevant too) –Necessary for the purpose for which you are sharing it –Shared only with those people who need to see it –Shared securely Always record the reasons for your decisions – whether it is to share information or not

19 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE Valid Consent In Health consent can be implied or explicit, in Social Care it is always explicit but for both it needs to be –Informed –Understood - The service user needs to have capacity to understand –Freely given

20 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE Implied Consent Consent not expressly given: –Often consent is assumed for sharing information with colleagues within the organisation, particularly in Health. –i.e. a individual sees a nurse for a test, it is assumed that the individual will consent for the results to be shared with the treating doctor. –In Social Care sharing with other departments in the Local Authority would require explicit consent for another purpose. i.e. to share with housing –Sharing information between health care colleagues in different organisations e.g. ambulance crews to A & E staff.

21 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE Explicit or Informed Consent Agreement to sharing should be recorded the individual should be made aware of: - –What information is to be shared –What is the purpose of sharing it –Who it is to be shared with –How the information will be protected –Whether it may be further shared –That they have the right to refuse (if they do) –The consequences of refusal and agreement to consent

22 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE How do we obtain consent Consent should be sought at the earliest opportunity Consent should be recorded using the relevant Consent or Permission to Share form and signed by both the social work professional and the individual or their representative. In Heath this should be recorded in the individual notes Clear explanation should be given to the individual on what they are consenting to and for how long It should be made clear that consent can be withdrawn at any time but we will share when there is a legal requirement to do so An individual should understand that if they withdraw their consent this may affect the service we can provide to them Revisiting consent – at least annually or when a new event happens

23 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE Children and competence to Consent Children and young people –16 assumed to be competent –Under 16 competent if they have the capacity to understand and take own decisions –Otherwise consent from whoever has parental responsibility Changes at 16 onus of proof shifts from being on the child to being on the person wanting to assert lack of capacity.

24 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE Adult Capacity to Consent Adult unable to give consent? –Take into account the views of relatives or carers –Respect any previously expressed wishes –Mental Capacity Act (MCA) –Adults lacking capacity may have an advocate –Provision under MCA for proxy consent via LPA or Court appointed deputy –Ultimately, the professional must act in the individuals best interests –Record the decision and the reasons for it

25 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE Consent - Summary Ensure the child/adult has the necessary capacity to understand what they are consenting to and seek advice if unsure Record what information will be shared and with whom (always record reasons for sharing without consent) It is the individuals choice to refuse consent, alter arrangements or withdraw consent at a later stage Explain what the consequences are of withdrawing consent and where it may be shared anyway Need only one parent, with parental responsibility, to give consent - Fraser (judgement Gillick) competent children under 16 also have rights of confidentiality

26 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE Consent The sharing of information should be controlled and justified –Remember – the consequences of NOT sharing information with other agencies could be far worse than inappropriate sharing There are some circumstances in which sharing confidential information without consent will normally be justified in the public interest: –When there is evidence that the child/vulnerable adult is suffering or is at risk of suffering harm; or –Where there is reasonable cause to believe that a child may be suffering or at risk of significant harm; or –To prevent significant harm arising to children/vulnerable adult including through the prevention, detection and prosecution of serious crime

27 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE So what if they say no Consider Public Interest justification before seeking consent which could affect approach to consent. I.e. need to provide the information but would prefer to disclose with their agreement. Give an opportunity for them to state their case for non- disclosure. May not be appropriate if there is risk to staff or others.

28 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE Understanding Consequences Explain consequences of agreeing to consent Explain consequences of refusing consent i.e. limiting Services – housing etc.

29 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE So, what if they say No? If the individual is competent to make the decision and they fully understand the consequences of the decision for care or treatment: –Understand their reasons and see if they can be satisfied –Can care be provided in different way? (Must be practical) –Balance the risks – consider public interest – you may need to share anyway… Harm to self Harm or risk to others

30 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE Even Worse! What if they say Yes… and then change their mind!

31 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE QUESTIONS TO ASK BEFORE SHARING INFORMATION Q: Can I still disclose if they dont consent? There must never be another tragic case where a child suffers as a result of professionals not sharing what they know. Margaret Hodge …in every judgment they make, staff have to balance the right of a parent with that of the protection of the child. Lord Laming, The Victoria Climbié Inquiry

32 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE QUESTIONS TO ASK BEFORE SHARING INFORMATION Q: Can I still disclose if they dont consent? Failure to share information appropriately can be a serious breach of care Sharing without consent may be necessary and appropriate under some circumstances: –When a child is believed to be at serious risk of harm –When there is evidence of serious public harm or risk to others or and individual –For the prevention, detection or prosecution of serious crime –When instructed to do so by a court

33 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE Proportionality The proposed disclosure should be proportionate to the need to protect the childs/vulnerable adults welfare The amount of information disclosed and the number of people to whom it is disclosed should be no more than is necessary to meet the public interest in protecting the health and wellbeing of the child/vulnerable adult

34 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE When in Doubt Consult a Manager/Caldicott Guardian or Data Protection/Information Governance Officer Obtain advice from legal services if appropriate Record reasons why a decision was made to : –Override the requirement to seek consent –Share information without consent

35 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE Questions To Ask Before Sharing Information…with anyone, about anyone What are the reasons for sharing? Is there sufficient need to know? Is the request proportionate? Is the information up to date/accurate? Will there be secondary disclosure? Do I need consent? Have I got consent? Can I still disclose if they dont consent – is there another justification? Have I recorded the sharing? Am I sharing securely?

36 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE New Technology The NHS NPfIT Programme National Records Electronic Common Assessment systems Use of NHS mail to share information for multi-agency teams

37 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE Impact of Technology on Data Protection Whose record is it if more than one individual contributes to the record – –multi agency teams How will we handle –pre adoption information electronically –Subject Access Rights –Third Party information –Mothers information in Childrens records –Seriously harmful data –Case recording

38 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE Records Management More professional More factual Meet the Data Protection requirements Mental Capacity Act 2005 Freedom of Information 2000 Share a common language Recording Consent – Reasons and Fact Keeping Secure

39 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE Recording Facts and opinions Example –Undiagnosed mental illness? Example –Appeared to be unwashed and dishevelled Error correction, or if the individual disagrees (Guidance)

40 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE Why do we Need an Information Sharing Protocol ? So everyone knows the rules and has clear guidance on how, where, when and with whom. Protects the subject, the staff and the organisation Is not instead of consent

41 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE Pro-active Framework Information Sharing Protocols What data do we want to share? With whom do we want to share it? Why do we want to share it? How can we justify sharing it? How do we comply with the law?

42 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE Using the Three Tier Model at local level Principles we will all work to contained in the high level protocol Purpose for Sharing Information e.g Care of Adults Process of how we will share the information in the Service Level Information Sharing protocol Tier1 Tier 2 Tier 3

43 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE The Protocol should describe How we comply with the Law Why we need to share the information How we justify sharing the information What information we want to share With whom we will share the information How we will protect the information

44 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE How We Comply With The Law How we restrict access to the information - consent Who needs to know, how much What security will protect it How long it will be kept for What format will it be in When it can be destroyed or Archived Subject Access rights Data Quality Hiding behind legislation and red tape!!!

45 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE Why we need to share information To enable early intervention to help children and vulnerable adults to achieve positive outcomes To enable professionals to feel confident in making good effective information sharing decisions To prevent death or serious harm being caused to vulnerable children and adults as a result of failing to: –record information –share it –understand the significance of the information shared –take appropriate action in relation to known or suspected abuse or neglect

46 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE Breakout Objectives A more informed understanding about why information should be shared, when and with whom. Clarification of the legal and ethical issues that surround information sharing. A toolkit to support information sharing

47 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE Breakout Objectives Increased awareness of partner agencies and their responsibilities and concerns in relation to information sharing. Strategies for disseminating these ideas to others in your organisations. Impact of new technology on information sharing.

48 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE Delegate Objective Clarification on safe, legal and confidential ways to send information via computer To get a more informed understanding about sharing information To link/network with other delegates with the same remit as myself To widen my knowledge of the subject area To explore issues/dilemmas/barriers with other professionals

49 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE Group Work One Raising the issues – What Will Happen if we Do Share Information? What Could Happen if we Dont Share Information?

50 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE Instructions Choose 1 of the 3 scenarios on the table As instructed by your facilitator each person takes a card Beginning with the oldest date each person decides who they would or would not share the information with, they then read the card to the group Debate in your groups whether or not having all of the information would change any decisions made You have 30 minutes to complete this exercise

51 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE Group Work Two Deciding What to Share - Would We? - Could We? - Should We?

52 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE Instructions Pick a scenario card, work through as many scenarios as you have time for Discuss and decide if you would share the information Discuss and decide if you could share the information Discuss and decide if you should share the information (You have 30 minutes to complete this exercise)

53 NIGB NATIONAL INFORMATION GOVERNANCE BOARD FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE Feedback from Tables and any questions Each group chooses one question to ask the panel of experts arising out of the discussions Complete the evaluation form


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