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Development of super module structures at Glasgow Calum I. Torrie 20 th April 2007.

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Presentation on theme: "Development of super module structures at Glasgow Calum I. Torrie 20 th April 2007."— Presentation transcript:

1 Development of super module structures at Glasgow Calum I. Torrie 20 th April 2007

2 Development of super module structures at Glasgow For the sLHC Si tracker upgrade, the Glasgow group will contribute to the development of the supermodule mechanical and thermal design and prototyping of the structures. Design studies will be made using FEA analysis of different designs based on different support materials (eg carbon fibre and SiC cernamic) [this uses info from QMW thermal material project] to evaluate the thermal and mechanical behaviour of the prototypes. The thermal studies will look at the heat flow from the modules to the cooling fluid with the aim of optimizing the sensor temperature. The mechanical properties of the resulting design based on the optimization of the thermal properties can be studied, again using FEA, to evaluate the stablility, mass and strength of the structure.

3 Development of super module structures at Glasgow We also want to build prototypes to investigate the engineering feasibility of the best designs for a given material. In the first instance we want to look at a SiC ceramic. This material has been developed for lightweight mirror and space applications. –A structure can be fabricated as a carbon greenbody and is then made into a SiC ceramic by mixing with liquid Si. –This has the potential to allow the construction of complex supermodules support structures to be fabricated with e.g. integrated cooling pipes, having the correct thermal and mechanical properties. We are therefore bidding for funds to purchase fabricate test structure based on this material. This study would be carried out in collaboration with ATC Edinburgh as they are investigating this material for future large telescopes. We are currently investigating UK companies that might be able to fabricate the test structures. The prototypes will be evaluated in the laboratory to benchmark the FEA studies using dummy modules to provide a realistic heat load.

4 Tests FEA –Using ANSYS Classic and ANSYS Workbench Material properties –Thermal and mechanical e.g. Thermal Conductivity & Breaking Stress –Measure Thermal Conductivity »Temp range -50 oC to 300 oC –Ordered Material CSiC (Xycarb, Holland) CeSiC (ECM, Germany) –Proof samples Stainless Steel & Aluminuim Silicon

5 Samples


7 The Expt






13 Insert picture / info re: 2 samples




17 Liam Surface Characterisation Flatness Reflectivity Surface profile –Machined feature Surface details –SEM

18 Cryo Thermal Conductivity Heat capacity CTE –Maybe! –Refer to talk from KT in Edinburgh!


20 C-SiC Currently investigating C-SiC –SiC ceramic –Manufacture green bodies from various carbon fibre type materials –Infiltrate with Si by gas or liquid –Good combination of mechanical and thermal properties –Being investigated for telescope and spacecraft engineering

21 C-SiC properties Density: 2.65gcm -3 Thermal conductivity: 180WmK -1 …… Typical thickness > 1cm –Can it be made thinner?

22 Glasgow activities: Material properties Evaluate mechanical and thermal properties –Mechanical properties: UMT setup available –Thermal properties: setup measurement system for thermal conductivity in lab – as used on TPG spines (H-G Moser et al) –Sample designs developed Talking to manufacturers –Getting samples from Xycarb and ECM Also investigating bonding –Manufacture of complex structures

23 Glasgow Activities: FEA Conceptual module –Similar to concept presented at Genoa –Investigate thermal and mechanical behaviour of C-SiC –Solidworks ( ANSYS) –Can a baseline module be agreed to allow common studies? –Module now in ANSYS (with help from Liverpool)

24 Plans Measure thermal and mechanical properties of samples Talk to manufacturers: –What can be made (thin layers and complex structures?) –Variation of properties with processing Develop FEA analysis with C-SiC

25 Control chips 6x6mm 2 P=1W 14 x ro chips 6x6mm 2 P=0.5W/chip Fan-ins, Al on glass 1792 strips of Al 20 m wide x 1 mx10mm long 40mm 30mm 2x Si detector 30mm x 90mm x 300 m Basic layout of module element Top view Bond wires: Ro chip -> fanin -> Si Bond wires: 10mm x 25 m diameter Al Kapton substrate for hybrid Conceptual module

26 90mm Carbon/Si support structure 10x10mm 2 Kapton substrate for hybrid 40mmx90mmx0.5mm 14 x ro chips 6x6mm 2 P=0.5W/chip 2x Si detector 30mm x 90mm x 300 m Cooling pipes 4mm diameter Carrying coolant at -40 o C ->-20 o C Bond wires 5mm


28 Integrated Structures Alternative to individual rigid modules on a rigid support: super-modules (or staves) plus end- plates. Minimize heat flow path lengths Eliminate mechanical redundancy Integrate support, cooling, electrical services –Increased integration implies decreased material Assembly sites build, test, & deliver these units –Final assembly is simplified Include alternative powering schemes – reduce services Create higher-value elements & assume greater risk

29 Thermal/Mechanical R&D Goals Develop long structures with low sag and low X 0 percentages Understand & optimize temperature differentials & distortions Accommodate moving silicon temperature specifications and coolant properties Berkeley efforts are following the TMG program in the areas of –High TC materials –Thermal interface materials –Thermal resistance evaluations –Small and large prototypes –Thermal and mechanical simulations

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