“Low-intensity farming” u Low agro-chemical input u Low energy input u Lots of room for ecological processes u But.. Often high labour input u And.. Low intensity is relative to carrying capacity u So term “High Nature Value” now used
HNV farmland is a spectrum LOW intensity High % semi-natural vegetation - “Type 1” Small-scale mosaic - “Type 2”
Definition drawn up for European Environment Agency “High Nature Value farmland consists of those areas in Europe where agriculture is a major (usually the dominant) land use and which support or are associated with either a high species and habitat diversity or the presence of species of European conservation concern or both”
Three key features of HNV farmland u ALWAYS low-intensity u ALWAYS a high proportion of semi- natural vegetation u OFTEN a mosaic of habitats (including non-semi-natural)
Is that the same as… u Organic farming? u Farming beautiful/historic landscapes? u Farming on designated/protected sites? u Protecting rare breeds? u Protecting crop genetic diversity? u Peasant farming? No, but….