Presentation on theme: "Evaluation of the Incredible Years TODDLER Parent Training Programme for nursery staff working with 2-3 year old children living in ‘high risk’ disadvantaged."— Presentation transcript:
1 Evaluation of the Incredible Years TODDLER Parent Training Programme for nursery staff working with 2-3 year old children living in ‘high risk’ disadvantaged areasIncredible Years Wales Conference, Cardiff, 17th March, 2010.Dr. Tracey Bywater, Nicole Gridley, & Dr. Karen Jones
3 Background Benefits of early parent-based intervention well documented Significant numbers of pre-school children receive care in ‘out of home’ settingsGovernment initiatives such as Flying Start have increased the provision of nursery care for pre-school children living in disadvantaged areas
4 BackgroundThe importance of delivering evidence based services is being increasingly recognised by Government at national and local levels‘Child behaviour management’ is part of child-care worker trainingSpecific training in evidence-based child management skills has not yet been systematically incorporated (Hutchings & Bywater, in preparation).
5 RationaleA recent pilot study (Hutchings & Bywater, in preparation) demonstrated that the IY parent programme is:acceptable to nursery workersreported to enhance their skills:“The child I was working with would have temper tantrums and use swear words. I found that praising his good behaviour really helped decrease the tantrums and swearing”“Getting down to the child’s level and giving them plenty of eye contact works well”The programme now needs further evaluation to establish its effectiveness
6 Specific AimsReport on levels of difficulties being experienced by children in high risk areasInvestigate relationships between parent & teacher report of children’s behaviourExplore the efficacy of the IY parenting programme on:children’s behaviour in the nursery settingsLevels of stress reported by nursery workersSense of competence in behaviour management techniques
7 Assessment Battery Parents Nursery Staff Consent for nursery staff to provide research team with reports of their child’s conductEyberg Child Behaviour Inventory (Eyberg & Robinson, 1978)Parent Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (Goodman, 1997)Nursery StaffIndex of Teaching Stress (Greene, Abidin, & Kmetz, 1997)Teacher Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (Goodman, 1997)Parental Sense of Competence (Johnstone & Mash, 1989) - adapted for use with nursery staff
8 DesignMeasures collected for children of all consenting parents at BASELINETODDLER programme delivered to participating Nurseries - 12x two-hour sessionsFOLLOW-UP measures collected 4 months after baseline
9 Sample Recruited 2 Flying Start Nurseries in Gwynedd Participants: Recruited 13 nursery workers & 35 children under their care; 17 boys & 18 girls, aged between 25 and 47 months (M = 33 months).Approximately 1 nursery carer for every 3-5 children
10 Snapshot of Nursery School Children Sample reported above clinical cut-off Baseline% above clinical cut-off Follow upTSDQ Total Difficulties (>17)25.7%11%PSDQ Total Difficulties (>17)12%9%
11 Nursery Staff Sense of Competence (NSOC) Significant increase in Competence.Significant increase in Satisfaction.Increase in Efficacy.
14 Index of Teacher Stress Significant improvements across ALL 12 subscalesThree main domain scores and total stress significantly reduced to below p =.001 level.Significant reduction ofStress related to Student temperamentDistress related to self-expectation in relation to student.Total Stress
18 Relationships Between Parent & Teacher Reports No significant change of child behaviour was found using the parent-reported ECBI or PSDQ.Few significant correlations between parent & teacher reports of child behaviour at baseline & follow up.
21 Feedback from the programme... What was helpful?Group discussionsGroup support networksSharing informationLearning new skillsVideos to relate tooRole playWhat did you like most?“I enjoyed all of the course - very good. The tutor was excellent!!!”Learning new skillsGroup support networks
22 Changing Attitudes & Enhancing Skills “Since doing this Incredible Years course I have seen a small improvement in Sam. I think it is because I have learnt a lot about praise, tangible rewards and just doing things differently. Sam can concentrate for longer now.”“Child directed play...opens doors to all the other things like a chance to give descriptive commentary, praise and encouragement. You have fun with the child instead of just observing and noticing when the child behaves inappropriately.”
23 ConclusionsThe IY toddler programme delivered to nursery staff is successful in decreasing disruptive behaviour in the nursery environment.It increases competence and confidence in nursery workers.It decreases stress and frustration in nursery workers.It improves key working relationships between nursery workers and children.It does not change parent reports of child behaviourThere are inconsistencies between parent & teacher reports of child behaviour
24 Thank you for listening For more information please contact:Dr. Tracey BywaterDr Karen JonesNicole GridleyTel: (01248)Website: