2 Drill: What does the cartoon tell you about Hitler’s plans after he fails to take Britain?
3 Japan invades ChinaUS Embargo of Japanese OilGermany uses Blitzkrieg in Poland, and takes Denmark, Norway, Netherlands, Belgium, and LuxembourgUS starts the DraftFrance & GB sign Munich Pact- Appeasement Policy towards GermanyFrance falls to the Germans.193819391940Non- Aggression Pact- Soviet Union and GermanyUS Lend-Lease ActHitler takes Austria and Czechoslova kiaBattle of Britain- First loss for Germany. Britain holds on, but barely.France & GB declare war on GermanyUS Neutrality Act- “cash and carry”
4 WWII ALLIES: AXIS: Great Britain France Soviet Union US China Germany ItalyJapan
5 Nazis in N. Africa Feb. 1941Hitler hoped to cut off the Allies supply of oil coming from the Middle East.Nazis Afrika Korps, led by Erwin Rommel- although under equipped was successful until the US entered the war.
6 War on Russia June 1941Hitler breaks the Non-Aggression Pact with StalinGermany invades Soviet UnionBlitzkrieg overwhelmed poorly trained Soviet Army.As Soviets retreat they burn everything of use so the Nazis have no resources.Soviet Union joins the Allies (US, Great Britain, and France)
9 Allied Strategies-Stalin pressured US and GB to open a second front in France.-Churchill wanted the US and GB to begin fighting in Africa.-FDR decided on Africa because the Germans were not as strong there.-Stalin never forgave the US because it left the Soviets to fight on their own in Europe.
13 Battle for ITALY (1942-43) -U.S. lands in Sicily and takes the island. -Allies moved into the mainland and met little resistance.-Mussolini is removed from power. And escapes to N. Italy.-American forces continue north through Italy, but meet heavy resistance from the German Army.- Tuskegee Airman proved their ability at the Battle of Anzio
14 Rome falls, so does Mussolini -Mussolini is captured attempting to flee into Germany, he was put on trial, found guilty and shot.
16 Battle of Stalingrad Clip As you watch think about -Why would Stalin want the US to fight Germany on a second front?
17 Stalingrad (Aug Jan 1943)-Soviets held off Nazis until the Winter of when the battle took place in the city streets of Stalingrad-The Russian winter along with Stalin's unwillingness to surrender the city of Stalingrad led to the German's losing.-German soldiers were freezing and starving
18 -1,100,000 SOVIET CIVILIAN & MILITARY DEATHS Outcome of the East-1,100,000 SOVIET CIVILIAN & MILITARY DEATHS-TURNING POINT OF THE WAR IN THE EAST
21 Allies Air War-Bombing was used to destroy the enemy's war making ability.-US favored precision bombing- bombing specific targets-British favor saturation bombing- the rapid release of many bombs in one area-Resulted in many civilian casualties
22 2nd Allied Front- France -U.S. and G.B. organize an invasion from the West.-Organized byGeneral DwightEisenhower
23 D-Day: Normandy Beach -JUNE 6, 1944 -Invasion leaves from England -Enters Axis territory at Normandy Beach in France-Allies suffer huge casualties-Invasion finally complete by July over 2 million Allied soldiers landed in France.
26 Battle of the Bulge Dec. 1944 WAR IS OVER -Last major battle of WWII: Belgium-Hitler attempts to stage one last offensive, Germans surprised Americans creating a “bulge” in the Allied line -Americans from the south of France arrive to stop the Germans. -Over 100,000 Germans killed- they were unable to wage war after this battle
27 V-E Day-Despite 18 million Soviet Civilian & Military deaths the Russians took Berlin in April 1945-Hitler Commits suicide April 20th 1945-May 8, 1945 celebrate V-E Day, victory in Europe-FDR passes away in April 12, 1945 andHarry S. Truman becomes president-22nd Amendment: limits president's terms to two.