Presentation on theme: "CM-22 Magnet Issues, 6 June 2008-1- MICE Magnet Cool Down and Other Issues Michael A. Green Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory Berkeley CA 94720."— Presentation transcript:
CM-22 Magnet Issues, 6 June 2008-1- MICE Magnet Cool Down and Other Issues Michael A. Green Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory Berkeley CA 94720
CM-22 Magnet Issues, 6 June 2008-2- Issue to be Covered in this Report The methods for cooling down of the three types of MICE coils at RAL Cool down using a helium compressor and a liquid nitrogen heat exchanger The proposed transfer line LBNL will provide to Fermilab and RAL for cooling the magnets The position of the tracker magnet feeds and vents and the proposed transfer line The location of the magnet power supplies and the length of the power cables
CM-22 Magnet Issues, 6 June 2008-3- Tracker Magnet Cold Mass w/o Cover The space outside of the coils is filled with 200 liters of helium. Space for LHe Coil E2 Coil M1 Coil M2 Coil E1 Center Coil
CM-22 Magnet Issues, 6 June 2008-4- Tracker Magnet Cold Mass with Welded Cover Magnet cooling is between the cover plate and the coils. The space inside is filled with liquid helium. The cool down gas flows in the same space. The cover plate gets colder faster than the magnet mandrel and the coils.
CM-22 Magnet Issues, 6 June 2008-5- Tracker Magnet Simplified Heat Flow Diagram Cooling is supplied to the helium space between the cover plate and the mandrel. There is a 70 to 90 K T restriction between the cover plate and the coil mandrel. V = ~1000 L of LN 2 V = ~600 L of LHe
CM-22 Magnet Issues, 6 June 2008-6- Coupling Magnet Cold Mass There is no space for cooling tube on the inside RFCC magnet or at its ends. The coupling magnet is cooled using tubes attached to the cover plate. The magnet is cooled down using the same tubes that keep the magnet cold. This poses problems because the cover plate is thin compared to the magnet.
CM-22 Magnet Issues, 6 June 2008-7- Coupling Magnet Simplified Heat Flow Diagram Coupling coil cool down tubes are assumed to be attached to the magnet cover plate. There is a 50 to 60 K T restriction between the cover plate and the coil mandrel. V = ~600 L of LN 2 V = ~450 L of LHe
CM-22 Magnet Issues, 6 June 2008-8- Focusing (AFC) Magnet Cold Mass It is proposed that the coupling magnet be cooled from the outside of the coils. The cool-down tubes could be on the mandrel.
CM-22 Magnet Issues, 6 June 2008-9- Focusing (AFC) Magnet Simplified Heat Flow Diagram The cool down tubes are assumed to be attached to the mandrel. This would make any coil cool down restrictions totally unnecessary. V = ~450 L of LN 2 V = ~320 L of LHe
CM-22 Magnet Issues, 6 June 2008-10- Cool Down with Dewars or an LN 2 to Helium Heat Exchanger Magnet weld stress is an issue when the cover plate temperature is colder than the mandrel. When the tracker magnet is at room temperature (T M = 293 K) the T between the cover plate and the mandrel must be 100 K. The T between the RFCC magnet cover plate and its mandrel must also be controlled. If the AFC magnet is cooled down with cooling tubes on the mandrel section between the coils, the T is not a problem at all.
CM-22 Magnet Issues, 6 June 2008-11- Simplified He Temperature Control using a Compressor and LN 2 The use of a LN 2 to helium gas heat exchanger is the most efficient way of controlling the cooling from 293 K to 85 K using liquid nitrogen as a coolant for the cool down. TMTM T = T M - 60 K Magnet Mass up to 1900 kg
CM-22 Magnet Issues, 6 June 2008-12- Finished Tracker Magnet on Pump PT-415 CoolerHoses from Compressor Magnet Xmas Tree Warm Bore Cold Mass Support Magnet Stand
CM-22 Magnet Issues, 6 June 2008-13- Tracker Magnet He Feed and Vent PT-415 Cooler Ball Valves for Cool Down Relief Valves Rupture Disc PT-415 Cooler Valve
CM-22 Magnet Issues, 6 June 2008-14- Proposed LBNL Transfer Line LBNL must provide a cryogenic transfer line to Fermilab so that the tracker magnet magnetic field measurements can be done there. It is proposed that LBNL provide two cryogenic transfer lines. One is to be used at Fermilab while the other is to be used at RAL. The dimensions of the proposed line is shown on the next page. Are these dimensions acceptable for the MICE hall at RAL?
CM-22 Magnet Issues, 6 June 2008-15- Proposed Helium Transfer Line 2438 mm 2032 mm 851 mm The drawing dimensions are inches.
CM-22 Magnet Issues, 6 June 2008-16- Power Supply Location and Cable Lengths A proposed location for the two tracker magnet power supply racks at MICE has be selected. It is believed that that the power supplies and rapid discharge diodes for all of the MICE magnets can be housed in a total of three racks. Power for the power supplies and their controllers is needed at the rack location. City water and drain piping for the cooling of the rapid discharge diodes (only when they are on) must also be provided at the rack location.
CM-22 Magnet Issues, 6 June 2008-17- MICE Plan View Showing Channel Power Supply Racks MICE Cooling Channel
CM-22 Magnet Issues, 6 June 2008-18- Tracker Magnet Power Supply Racks 60 A Power Supply Rapid Discharge Diodes 300 A Power Supply controller 300 A Power Supply
CM-22 Magnet Issues, 6 June 2008-19- Magnet Cable Numbers and Lengths Cables made for one lab may not be transported to another lab. The lengths and Safety regulations are different for each laboratory. For the MICE the following cable lengths apply: The cable length given above are not exact, the trench location and size are important factors. For both trackers, a total of fifteen 300 A cables are needed. This includes (three 1-m, three 2-m, three 6-m, and six 17-m). A total of eight 60 A cables are needed. This includes (two 2-m, two 6-m, and four 17-m). For both coupling magnets, a total of six 300 A cables are needed. This includes (two 2-m, two 10-m, and two 13-m). For the three focusing magnets, a total of eleven 300 A cables are needed. This includes (four 1-m, three 2-m, one 6-m, two 9-m, and one 16-m).
CM-22 Magnet Issues, 6 June 2008-20- Concluding Comments A method for cooling down the tracker magnets has been developed. This method can be applied to the other magnets in MICE. A common vertical location for the magnet feeds should be developed so that one transfer line design can be used to cool down all of the MICE magnets. The magnet power supplies and rapid discharge resistors can be located in three racks. These racks can all be in the same location. Power and non- interruptible cooling water should be available at the power supply racks.