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Public finances Christine Frayne Institute for Fiscal Studies.

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Presentation on theme: "Public finances Christine Frayne Institute for Fiscal Studies."— Presentation transcript:

1 Public finances Christine Frayne Institute for Fiscal Studies

2 The big picture Source: HM Treasury Labour ILabour II

3 Mr Browns fiscal record Change % GDP£bn Receipts Spending Net borrowing3.52.4–1.1–14.6 Net debt –5.4–74.4 Source: HM Treasury; IFS

4 Mr Browns fiscal record Change % GDP£bn Receipts Spending Net borrowing3.52.4–1.1–14.6 Net debt –5.4–74.4 Source: HM Treasury; IFS

5 Mr Browns fiscal record Change % GDP£bn Receipts Spending Net borrowing3.52.4–1.1–14.6 Net debt –5.4–74.4 Source: HM Treasury; IFS

6 Mr Browns fiscal record Change % GDP£bn Receipts Spending Net borrowing3.52.4–1.1–14.6 Net debt –5.4–74.4 Source: HM Treasury; IFS

7 Sharing the proceeds of growth In compared with Families on average pay £5600 more tax in real terms National income is higher by £356bn On average £11700 per family So once tax has been deducted Families on average still keep £6100 more

8 Current budget: total change £billion Current budget PBR 2006 –7.9– Discretionary changes 0–½½0½½ Of which: changes to taxes 001½ 22 Revisions and forecasting changes –1.6–2½ –1½ –2 Of which: North Sea taxes –1½–2½ –2–1½ Current budget Budget 2007 –9.5– Source: HM Treasury; IFS

9 Current budget: total change £billion Current budget PBR 2006 –7.9– Discretionary changes 0–½½0½½ Of which: changes to taxes 001½ 22 Revisions and forecasting changes –1.6–2½ –1½ –2 Of which: North Sea taxes –1½–2½ –2–1½ Current budget Budget 2007 –9.5– Source: HM Treasury; IFS

10 Current budget: total change £billion Current budget PBR 2006 –7.9– Discretionary changes 0–½½0½½ Of which: changes to taxes 001½ 22 Revisions and forecasting changes –1.6–2½ –1½ –2 Of which: North Sea taxes –1½–2½ –2–1½ Current budget Budget 2007 –9.5– Source: HM Treasury; IFS

11 Current budget: total change £billion Current budget PBR 2006 –7.9– Discretionary changes 0–½½0½½ Of which: changes to taxes 001½ 22 Revisions and forecasting changes –1.6–2½ –1½ –2 Of which: North Sea taxes –1½–2½ –2–1½ Current budget Budget 2007 –9.5– Source: HM Treasury; IFS

12 Current budget: total change £billion Current budget PBR 2006 –7.9– Discretionary changes 0–½½0½½ Of which: changes to taxes 001½ 22 Revisions and forecasting changes –1.6–2½ –1½ –2 Of which: North Sea taxes –1½–2½ –2–1½ Current budget Budget 2007 –9.5– Source: HM Treasury; IFS

13 Budget measures £billion2007–082008–092009–10 Income tax & NICs Positive Negative +0.0 – –11.1 – –13.2 Corporate Positive Negative – – –2.0 – –3.7 Green measures Avoidance– Empty properties etc– Total– Source: HM Treasury

14 Budget measures £billion2007–082008–092009–10 Income tax & NICs Exchequer gain Exchequer loss +0.0 – –11.1 – –13.2 Corporate Exchequer gain Exchequer loss – – –2.0 – –3.7 Green measures Avoidance– Empty properties etc– Total– Source: HM Treasury

15 The fiscal rules Golden Rule Borrow only to invest Current budget balance or surplus Judged over the economic cycle Sustainable Investment Rule Debt at a stable and prudent level This cycle: 40% of national income every year

16 Current budget balance Source: HM Treasury Current cycle total = 0.8% of GDP or £10.5bn

17 Current budget balance Source: HM Treasury Next cycle

18 Structural current budget balances Source: HM Treasury

19 The fiscal rules Golden Rule Borrow only to invest Current budget balance or surplus Judged over the economic cycle Sustainable Investment Rule Debt at a stable and prudent level This cycle: 40% of national income every year

20 Will the investment rule be met? Source: HM Treasury; IFS

21 Will the investment rule be met? Source: HM Treasury; IFS

22 Debt could exceed 40% Source: HM Treasury; IFS 50/50 chance

23 Conclusions Slight deterioration in the public finances Small net impact of new measures on Exchequer Large gains and losses Both fiscal rules on course to be met Relies on further: Increases in tax burden Reductions in public spending as a share of national income


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