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Joint Information Systems Committee 4/1/2014 | | Slide 1 Joint Information Systems CommitteeSupporting education and research JISC Conference 2006 PathCAL.

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Presentation on theme: "Joint Information Systems Committee 4/1/2014 | | Slide 1 Joint Information Systems CommitteeSupporting education and research JISC Conference 2006 PathCAL."— Presentation transcript:

1 Joint Information Systems Committee 4/1/2014 | | Slide 1 Joint Information Systems CommitteeSupporting education and research JISC Conference 2006 PathCAL Sponsored by

2 Joint Information Systems Committee Sponsored by Presenter Details 4/1/2014 | | Slide 2 PathCAL Dr Rachel Ellaway Learning Technology Section College of Medicine and Veterinary Medicine The University of Edinburgh rachel.ellaway@ed.ac.uk

3 Joint Information Systems Committee 4/1/2014 | | Slide 3 PathCAL What PathCAL is What PathCAL is not Provenance & history PathCAL Collection Educational design principles Technical design principles Using PathCAL Tracking Whats next? Conclusions

4 Joint Information Systems Committee 4/1/2014 | | Slide 4 What PathCAL is Pathology - Computer Assisted Learning A series of tutorials aimed at undergraduate students in biomedical subjects Online service available as part of JISC Collections Subscribing users authenticate to and run materials on the PathCAL server Basic user/institutional tracking Based on the award winning e-learning platforms developed by the University of Edinburgh CALs still being developed

5 Joint Information Systems Committee 4/1/2014 | | Slide 5 What PathCAL is not Learning Technology standards compliant - W3C compliance only Importable Downloadable Adaptable Extensible Free Available offline Available outwith ATHENS

6 Joint Information Systems Committee 4/1/2014 | | Slide 6 Provenance and History Main academic lead: Dr Sandy Reid Developed over more than 20 years Many contributors; Edinburgh, Leeds and Cambridge Started in 1984 in the Department of Pathology, University of Leeds on BBC microcomputers linked to slide projectors. 1993-4 Dr Sandy Reid, then in Leeds, wrote a series of completely new scripts on a program called VIPA that ran on PCs. Upgraded into templates devised by Kim Whittlestone (Bristol) that ran under Asymmetrix Toolbook. From 1996 Sandy Reid developed the programs further using Toolbook at the University of Edinburgh From 2001 onwards the programs were transferred to a web-compatible format (became EROS) PathCAL was made available as a low-cost online subscription service to UK HE and FE institutions in 2005 in partnership with JISC Collections.

7 Joint Information Systems Committee 4/1/2014 | | Slide 7 Contributors Professor Colin Bird, Pathology, University of Leeds, later University of Edinburgh, for initiating computer-assisted learning in Pathology in 1983 and for support and encouragement over years. Dr Patrick Harkin, Pathology, University of Leeds: from 1983: wrote programs for BBC microcomputers; devised VIPA program, 1993; transferred Cals to Toolbook; set up Cals on University of Leeds network; collaborated in setting up Cals in the University of Edinburgh, 1986 and 1996. Kim Whittlestone, University of Bristol: devised Calscribe, a set of templates that ran on the package Asymmetrix Toolbook, 1994; later, with Mark Arends, set up programs in University of Cambridge. Andrew Hay, Steve Tom, University of Leeds: advised on various aspects of photography and image processing. Professor Andrew Wyllie, University of Edinburgh: supported work on Cal programs, 1996-99. Dr Andrew Short, Gill McConnell, Veterinary Medicine, University of Edinburgh: advised on Cal development. Dr Mark Arends, Pathology, Edinburgh: wrote several programs and took keen interest in Cal; with Kim Whittlestone, set up programs in University of Cambridge. Drs Hamish MacLeod and Charles Anderson, University of Edinburgh: advised on educational aspects of Cal, 1996. Dr Gordon Watson, Phillip Evans, University of Edinburgh and Jen Harvey: advised on educational aspects of Cal. Dr Raashid Luqmani, Rheumatology, University of Edinburgh: from 1996 collaborated in development of the system; worked on network programming. Dr Andrew Krajewski, Pathology, University of Edinburgh: did preliminary work on Web-compatibility. Dr Alistair Williams and others in Pathology, University of Edinburgh: participated in Cals group, which met regularly to plan further development; wrote Cal material in Authorware. Dr David Dewhurst: set up the Learning Technology Section (LTS), University of Edinburgh, 1999. Dr Rachel Ellaway, Learning Technology Section (LTS), University of Edinburgh: Jake Broadhurst: developed links with JISC to make Cals available to colleges other than in Edinburgh and Cambridge, 2004-05. Professor David Harrison, Pathology, Edinburgh: supported work on Cal; obtained financial support to enable work to start on Web transfer. Jackie Aim, Steve Fox, Stewart Cromar, Peter Douglas, and Jake Broadhurst e-Learning Unit, Learning Technology Section (LTS), University of Edinburgh: transferred programs to Web-based form. Medical students at the Universities of Edinburgh, Leeds and Cambridge: for innumerable comments and criticisms. Colleagues at the University of Leeds and University of Edinburgh, for innumerable comments and criticisms. Numerous contributors to individual Cal programs (in no particular order): Alan Foulis, Alastair Williams, Andrew Clarke, Andrew Hay, Angus MacGregor, Antony Franks, Cecily Quinn, Cedric Abbott, Chris Bellamy, Ciaran J. O'Brien, Colin Purdie, Donald Salter, Douglas Thompson, Edward Duvall, Ewan Millar, Frances Stockdill, Geoff Beckett, Gordon Watson, Graham Stables, Hannah Monaghan, Helen Burrell, Ian Wilkinson, James Mackenzie, Jayshree Dave, Jean Boddy, Joanne Gordon, Joanne Sharkey, John Lauder, John O'Leary, John Plevis, Jonathon Sutton, Juan Piris, Judith Bulmer, Julian Ostrowski, Kathryn McLaren, Ken Grigor, Ken Pollard, Leslie Bridges, Lucy Truman, Marion Simpson, Mark Arends, Mary Jenkins, Michael Wells, Mike Dixon, Mohamed Musa, Neil Grubb, Nic Mapstone, Nick Mayer, Nigel Scott, Paddy Gibson, Pat Harkin, Patricia Harnden, Paul Geddy, Pauline Carder, Peter Butler, Philip Da Costa, Rachel Ellaway, Richard Calvert, Richard Calvert, Richard Weller, Roger Malcomson, Sandy Reid, Sarah Howie, Shaheed Bashir, Simon Collins, Stewart Cromar, Tom Anderson, David Lamb, Hugh Gilmour, Chris Warren, Chris Bates, Lawrence Brown, Colin Smith, Raashid Luqmani, Rosie Young, Julie Oliver, William Wallace, Leslie Davidson, Gina Kavanagh, Catherine Tuthill,

8 Joint Information Systems Committee 4/1/2014 | | Slide 8 PathCAL Collection: 120+ titles Cell injury and death (4 titles) Cellular adaptation (2 titles) Inflammation (5 titles) Immunity: normal and disordered (2 titles) Healing (2 titles) Clinical genetics (3 titles) Thrombosis, atheroma, embolism, infarction (7 titles) Neoplasia (12 titles) Skin Disorders (3 titles) Gastrointestinal System (12 titles) Breast (2 titles) Urinary System (9 titles) Endocrine System (7 titles) Haemopoietic Tissues (6 titles) Liver (4 titles) Locomotor System (8 titles) Nervous System (12 titles) Reproductive system - female (8 titles) Reproductive system - male (3 titles) Respiratory System (10 titles) Urinary System (6 titles) Cardiovascular System (8 titles) Endocrine System (7 titles) Haemopoietic Tissues (6 titles) Liver (4 titles) Locomotor System (8 titles) Nervous System (12 titles)

9 Joint Information Systems Committee 4/1/2014 | | Slide 9 PathCAL

10 Joint Information Systems Committee 4/1/2014 | | Slide 10 Educational Principles One idea or concept per page One topic per CAL Running score Focus on applied clinical science Regular self-test sections with feedback Variety of question types Appropriate but not excessive use of animations, video and illustrations Intro, orientation and reading, objectives, summary, evaluation Rigorously tested and developed with student users over a number of years Constant improvement and development

11 Joint Information Systems Committee 4/1/2014 | | Slide 11 Technical Principles Web application rather than data service Based on EROS (Edinburgh Reusable Object Sequencer): –Authoring: simple PowerPoint-style - drag and drop and templates –Runtime: web-based, skinnable and web services (in development) –Analysis: per user, per page, per CAL Cut down for PathCAL service - no authoring Uses ATHENS authentication - complex to set up but helpful help-desk! Not cheap though … replacement to ATHENS creating uncertainty Clean and simple - W3C XHTML (nearing completion) Resilient service architecture - but dependent on EdLAN

12 Joint Information Systems Committee 4/1/2014 | | Slide 12 e-Teaching Teacher decides when, why, how … Materials embedded in lectures and demonstrations Learning objects, sequences or whole programs Gives consistency Provides more dynamic lecture materials Embeds materials in local teaching –Preparation –During –Follow-up

13 Joint Information Systems Committee 4/1/2014 | | Slide 13 e-Learning Students decide when, why, how … Students use PathCAL Chooser PathCAL materials organised by topic group Used for: –Preparation for teaching sessions –Follow-up –Pursuing own interests –Supports PBL and SCL –Revision (both exam and progression)

14 Joint Information Systems Committee 4/1/2014 | | Slide 14 Collaborative Exploration Students work together (at the same time or over time) on PathCAL-based activities Practicals, cases, simulations Different dynamics to individual learning Social and collaborative learning: –Related to pedagogical development - constructivism + exploration and debate –Student-centred learning –Related to professional practice

15 Joint Information Systems Committee 4/1/2014 | | Slide 15 Support Functions Tracking/reporting: –By page/interaction –Students Answer, How many times, Marked as correct?, Date/Time Collection-wide text searching Browsable listings of: –videos and animations (7 & 23 respectively) –images (1,385) –questions (2,142) Rotating tip of the day Support tutorials: –Using PathCAL –Basics of Disease –Diagnostic Techniques

16 Joint Information Systems Committee 4/1/2014 | | Slide 16 Strategy Good for us - £££ in an otherwise null market Good for JC - moving beyond content to process Good for subscribers - assured high-quality materials But … Match between need and provision? JISC focus on availability rather than development Sustainability, adaptability, longevity Alignment with curricula Autonomy, agency and context-sensitivity

17 Joint Information Systems Committee 4/1/2014 | | Slide 17 Whats Next? Academic Blogging Breeze: –Presenter lecturers embedded in PathCAL –PathCAL embedded in Meetings Labyrinth: –Pathways and action mazes –Open CAL architectures –X-embedding Webservices: –RSS service information –CAL runtime Institutional and individual authoring

18 Joint Information Systems Committee 4/1/2014 | | Slide 18 MVMLTS: award-winning e-learning service provider and software house Institutional PathCAL subscriptions £400-500 pa (cf alternatives - organisations, DVDs etc) Subscriptions via JISC Collections PathCAL manager - rachel.ellaway@ed.ac.uk

19 Joint Information Systems Committee Sponsored by Presenter Details 4/1/2014 | | Slide 19 PathCAL Dr Rachel Ellaway Learning Technology Section College of Medicine and Veterinary Medicine The University of Edinburgh rachel.ellaway@ed.ac.uk


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