The MB/BS at UEA Based on the PBL system of learning Natural and social sciences integrated throughout Students set loose on patients from week one Much emphasis on communication skills and holistic approach to patient care
Example PBL scenario (unit 1) Jim was delighted to get his bowel screening pack through the post and thought it was a great idea. When he rang his identical twin brother, who lived in Cornwall, he was surprised to hear that he hadn't got one. Jim suggested that John write a letter of complaint to his MP. Jim's wife Doreen, aged 51, got a letter through telling her that her next cervical smear was due. Soon after she got a letter asking her to go for a mammogram. She didn't like going, but having read all the stories in Women's Own she knew it was a good idea.
Example learning objectives Explain the justification for the screening programmes currently offered in the NHS. What role does the state play in protecting and promoting health and preventing disease? Outline how health needs are assessed and decisions about resource allocation are made in the NHS. Discuss the role of the media in disseminating information about health and how this alters peoples perception about their health.
Weekly teaching slots Core lectures attended by all students Seminars attended by at least 2 members of each PBL who feedback to others Clinical & communication skills training sessions sessions Primary care day
Health economic input Lectures/seminars SSS presentations & posters Fourth year projects PBL tutoring
Health economic assessment Short answer questions (PBL-based) Extended matching questions (EMQs) - e.g. which of these terms means maximising output for a given input? - e.g. which of these terms means maximising output for a given input? SSS assessments - need to pass on presentation & content - need to pass on presentation & content
First year SSS questions –Escalating health care costs are largely due to the aging population. Discuss. –The fundamental principle of the NHS is equality of access (for equal need): How far have we achieved this objective? –Quality Adjusted Life Years (QALYs) are used by health economists (and NICE) to measure outcome. What are QALYs and why do we use them? –Should we ration healthcare? If so, how, and to whom? –Different countries across the world adopt different health care systems. Which health care system is best- give your justifications. –Solving the funding crisis: why don't we just refuse treatment to smokers, drinkers and drug-users?
Strengths? Good to have the importance of health economics recognised UEA medical students cover more health economics than most (we guess!) When focused adequately (as in SSS), most students do engage with HE methods and principles
Weaknesses? The PBL system makes it difficult for students to follow methodological threads HE suffers from being lumped together with psychosocial sciences and wishy washy stuff The degree of integration makes ownership of the HE curriculum difficult Not all assessment methods are ideally suited to examine HE knowledge
Ongoing challenges Breaking out of the social science stigma Overcoming prior beliefs about what HE is all about (e.g. fixation on cost cutting) Balancing what medical students need to know with what they engage with Being more imaginative/flexible about learning processes in this situation learning processes in this situation