Presentation on theme: "The “American” Culture Creating a distinct American image."— Presentation transcript:
The “American” Culture Creating a distinct American image
Thesis As the American nation became more independent and stable following the War of 1812, a distinct “American” culture began to develop that was different than the culture of Europe but heavily influenced by European Romanticism.
I. Art and Literature A. Out with the old: 1. Neoclassical Architecture 2. Enlightenment rationalism Classical thought(American) Romanticism - Reasonable- Emotional & practical - Public responsibility- Individualistic - Conservative & traditional- Revolutionary & liberal - Loves urban & pubic life- Loves solitude & nature - realists- idealism
B. In with the New a. 1828 – first Webster’s dictionary is published 1. Noah Webster (1758-1843) i. Created a distinctly American language by altering British spelling, pronunciations, etc.
1. Washington Irving (1783-1859) i. Rip Van Winkle (1820) ii. The Legend of Sleepy Hollow (1820) a. First American author to earn international praise b. Famous Writings 2. Romantic Literature
2. James Fennimore Cooper (1789-1851) i. The Leatherstocking Tales (1820s-40s) ii. The Pathfinder (1840) iii. The Last of the Mohicans (1826) b. Famous writings a.Developed a New American hero
3. Nathaniel Hawthorne (1804-1864) a. Wrote about life in Puritan, N.E. A From Salem, Mass.; wrote about life in Puritan NE b. One of the founding members of Brook Farm, a utopian community b. Famous writings
4. Edgar Allen Poe (1809-1849) i. The Raven (1845) ii. The Tell-Tale Heart (1843) iii. The Pit and the Pendulum (1842) a. Contributed to American genres of horror, mystery, detective fiction, science fiction. b. Famous works
a. Thomas Cole, Landscape C. Romantic Art 1. The Hudson River School The Oxbow, Thomas Cole b. Edwin Church, Twilight in the Wilderness 3. Asher Durand, Kindred Spirits Albert Bierstadt, Storm in the Rocky Mountains Albert Bierstadt, The Rocky Mountains; Lander’s Peak
Childhood, by Thomas Cole Youth Manhood Old Age
1. Transcendentalism, an American philosophy. a. Believed in the power of the individual over institutions b. Importance of natural world in understanding yourself D. Romantic Philosophy b. Walden a. Civil Disobedience 2. Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882) a.Leader of Transcendentalist movement; author of Nature 3. Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862) wrote many essays on nature, beauty, philosophy.
Quiz Hudson River School Neoclassical architecture Edgar Allan Poe Washington Irving James Fenimore Cooper Nathaniel Hawthorne Henry David Thoreau Brook Farm Transcendentalism Ralph Waldo Emerson Noah Webster Alex de Tocqueville Romanticism Following the War of 1812, America’s culture began changing with a new trend called (1)______. (2)__ was the first author to win international praise with his works such as Legend of Sleepy Hollow, and he was the first of the American Romantics. The most notable American Romantics were (3)______, who wrote about life in Puritan New England in his book, The Scarlet Letter, and (4)______, who wrote about fear and mystery in macabre poems and short stories such as The Raven and the Pit and the Pendulum. Even the American language was changing. (5)______ wrote a dictionary that created a unique “American” language by modifying British usage and spellings. (6)______ helped create an American identity by writing books and stories such as the Leatherstocking Tales and Last of the Mohicans. The (7)______ also contributed to a wild, rugged American identity by painting landscapes of untamed wilderness within the U.S. The first American philosophy was inspired by the wilderness of the west. (8)_____ was a movement started when (9)___ published the essay Nature in 1836. (10)__ became his most promising follower and wrote Walden about a year he spent alone in a cabin.