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Institutional repositories 'Opening access to the world's research' Bill Hubbard SHERPA Project Manager University of Nottingham.

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Presentation on theme: "Institutional repositories 'Opening access to the world's research' Bill Hubbard SHERPA Project Manager University of Nottingham."— Presentation transcript:

1 Institutional repositories 'Opening access to the world's research' Bill Hubbard SHERPA Project Manager University of Nottingham

2 Sconul Vision 2010 & repositories Personalisation of services –access to learning and information objects Collaboration –enhanced support for research groups Management and skills –web based-support

3 A virtual research environment? what is in this environment ? what do academics want ? what role does the library play ? what role does a repository play?

4 Users wanted... access to financial information access to funding and research opportunities support in working practices access to library services on-line

5 A virtual research environment offers personalised services syntheses access to information and services provides a supported working environment used for finding information used for disseminating information facilitates collaboration in new ways and across old boundaries

6 Institutional repositories Digital collections that preserve and provide access the the intellectual output of an institution.* encouraging wider use of open access information assets may contain a variety of digital objects –e-prints, –theses, –e-learning objects, –datasets * Raym Crow The case for institutional repositories: a SPARC position paper

7 Not just storage provides core of an information management system opportunities for integration of research and teaching record of institutional output access to institutional authors work search services give access to other repositories service to authors

8 Open Access for the researcher wide dissemination –papers more visible –cited more rapid dissemination ease of access cross-searchable value added services –hit counts on papers –personalised publications lists –citation analyses

9 publication & deposition

10 Author writes paper

11 publication & deposition Author writes paper Submits to journal

12 publication & deposition Author writes paper Submits to journal Deposits in e-print repository

13 publication & deposition Author writes paper Submits to journal Paper refereed Deposits in e-print repository

14 publication & deposition Author writes paper Submits to journal Paper refereed Revised by author Deposits in e-print repository

15 publication & deposition Author writes paper Submits to journal Paper refereed Revised by author Author submits final version Deposits in e-print repository

16 publication & deposition Author writes paper Submits to journal Paper refereed Revised by author Author submits final version Deposits in e-print repository

17 publication & deposition Author writes paper Submits to journal Paper refereed Revised by author Author submits final version Published in journal Deposits in e-print repository

18 Repository basis institutional repositories combined with location- specific or subject-based search services practical reasons –use institutional infrastructure –integration into work-flows and systems –support is close to academic users and contributors OAI-PMH allows a single gateway to search and access many repositories –subject-based portals or views –subject-based classification and search

19 Other benefits for the institution –facilitates use and re-use of the information assets –raises profile and prestige of institution –manages institutional information assets - RAE –long-term cost savings for the research community –frees up the communication process –avoids unnecessary duplication

20 Benefits for society in general publicly-funded research publicly available public understanding of science knowledge transfer health and social services culture

21 SHERPA - Securing a Hybrid Environment for Research Preservation and Access Partner institutions –Birkbeck College, Birmingham, Bristol, Cambridge, Durham, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Imperial College, Kings College, Leeds, LSE, Newcastle, Nottingham, Oxford, Royal Holloway, School of Oriental and African Studies, Sheffield, University College London,York; the British Library and AHDS

22 SHERPA aims and outcomes Establish institutionally-based eprint repositories Advice - setting up, IPR, deposit, preservation Advocacy - awareness, promotion, change

23 Academic concerns subject base more natural ? –institutional infrastructure, view by subject quality control ? –peer-review clearly labelled plagiarism –old problem - and easier to detect I already have my papers on my website... –unstructured for RAE, access, search, preservation threat to journals? –evidence shows co-existence possible - but in the future... ?

24 Administrator concerns setting up the repository –technical solutions populating the repository and advocacy maintenance costs preservation service models and costs –author-deposition –mediated-deposition –mixed economies

25 Barriers to adoption copyright restrictions –approx.. 93% (of Nottinghams) journals allow their authors to archive embargoes –defines relationship of publisher to research cultural barriers to adoption authors are willing to use repositories –79% would deposit willingly if required to do so deposition policies are key

26 Select Committee Inquiry House of Commons Science and Technology Committee: –to examine expenditure, administration, and policy of OST –to examine science and technology policy across government Inquiry into scientific publications - 10 December 2003 written evidence: 127 submissions (February 2004) oral evidence (March – May 2004) –Commercial publishers, Society publishers, Open access publishers, Librarians, Authors, Government officials report published, 20 July 2004 government response November 2004

27 Report - Problems impact and Access barriers price rises, Big Deal, VAT competition digital preservation disengagement of academics from process

28 Report - Solutions 82 recommendations in three main areas: improving the current system Author-pays publishing model institutional repositories

29 Improving the existing system JISC to develop independent price monitoring JISC to press for transparency on publishers costs Office of Fair Trading to monitor market trends Funding bodies to review library budgets VAT problem to be addressed JISC, NHS and HE purchasing consortia JISC to improve licences negotiated with publishers BL to be supported to provide digital preservation

30 Changing the system Principle: Publicly-funded research should be publicly available

31 IBERs - Recommendations UK HEIs to set up IBERs Research Councils mandate self archiving Central body to oversee IBERs IBER implementation government funded –identified as good value for money IBERs should clearly label peer-reviewed content RCs should investigate and if feasible mandate author-retention of copyright

32 National progress all of 20 repositories in SHERPA are now live: –Birkbeck, Birmingham, Bristol, Cambridge, Durham, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Kings, Imperial, Leeds, LSE, Newcastle, Nottingham, Oxford, Royal Holloway, SOAS, Sheffield, UCL,York and the British Library other institutions are also live: –Bath, CCLRC, Cranfield, Open University, Portsmouth, Southampton, St Andrews other institutions are planning and installing IBERs

33 1994 Group University of Bath University of Durham University of East Anglia University of Essex University of Surrey University of Exeter Lancaster University Birkbeck University of London Goldsmiths LSE Royal Holloway University of Reading University of St Andrews University of Sussex University of Warwick University of York 50% operational repositories... more on the way...

34 Russell Group University of Birmingham University of Bristol University of Cambridge Cardiff University University of Edinburgh University of Glasgow Imperial College King's College London University of Leeds University of Liverpool LSE University of Manchester University of Newcastle University of Nottingham University of Oxford University of Sheffield University of Southampton University of Warwick University College London 16 out of 19 operational % on the way...

35 A selection of recent progress Scottish Declaration of Open Access 32 Italian Rectors and the Messina Declaration Austrian Rectors sign the Berlin Declaration Russian Libraries launch the St Petersburg Declaration Wellcome Trusts repository Widespread publicity and support...and India, Africa, Australia...

36 What can we do in our institutions? Set up a repository Contextualise it within larger developments: –of a virtual research environment –of personalised services to academics –of information management systems Raise policy development for its use Encourage cultural change

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