Changing Shopping Patterns: Investigate! Level 7 - Explain a range of human features and processes. Explain how places change. Identify trends
Task 1: Think of a title! 1960 Independents 60% / Supermarket 20% / Co-ops 20% 1980 Independents 20% / Supermarket 60% / Co-ops 20% 2000 Independents 08% / Supermarket 85% / Co-ops 07% 2009 Independents 05% / Supermarket 90% / Co-ops 05% Plot these figures as divided bar graphs – make a key, use neat shading. Accuracy in graph work – pencil at first! Describe what these figures show about the share of people shopping at these types of shops. Quote figures in your answer
Shopping Hierarchy Regional Shopping Centre S h o p p i n g S t r e e t C o r n e r S h o p City Centre / Shopping Precinct Retail Park /Out-of-town shopping centre
Convenience goods Low order goods Buy from nearest supplier e.g. Newspaper Bread milk potatoes For local people… 1960s Losing trade
City Centre or Shopping Precinct Comparison goods High order goods Shop around before buying e.g. Fashion Jewellery Furniture Car parking issues Pedestrianisation Fighting for Trade / Modernising
Shopping street In part of a bigger town Small family businesses e.g. Specialists like Grocer Greengrocer Last 50 years competition with supermarkets = Dying out! cottage on the extreme left …used to be butchers' shop Losing trade
Retail park / edge of town - 1980s Superstores Large area of land Massive car parking Accessibility by road Near a population centre Gaining trade Affecting town centres
Regional Shopping Centre 1990s Indoor comfort of a two levels centre. 134 top name stores, 15 cafés and restaurants and other facilities all under one roof. The Mall is open 7 days a week. 7000 free parking spaces. e.g. Cribbs Causeway (The Mall) at Bristol is our nearest Heaven or Hell?
The doughnut effect is the name given to the increasing movement of retail from the C.B.D. (Central Business District) to the outskirts (rural-urban fringe) of the cities. Obviously, cars have been the factor that have fueled this process, as well as, the attraction of an out-of-town site for retail. Shops in the town centre closing down Out of Town Retail Parks opened up C.B.D.
City Centres fight back 2000s Cabot Circus, Bristol St. Davids 2 in Cardiff 2009
The Big Four Supermarket chains account for 75% of all household spending on groceries in the U.K.! 2009 Pocket the difference! Try something new today
2000s With a name like Express, it's not surprising that this is Tesco's fastest growing format, opening at least 50 stores a year! It meets customer demand for longer trading hours and greater convenience. Express stores are usually found at petrol stations and are aimed at local customers who want a convenient place they can trust to 'top up' their shopping.
Cyber Monday: Retailers expecting record online shopping sales – Dec 2009 British shoppers are expected to spend £300m online today, amid predictions that so-called "Cyber Monday" will be the busiest 24 hours in the history of internet shopping. 2009 7% of all spending Groceries forecast to be fastest online growing sector £20 biillion spend annually? Online spending up 33% in 2006 RISKS?
Task 2: Describe the changes in shopping patterns in SE Wales since 1960 – mention real places. Explain what factors encouraged the growth of supermarkets. (Busier lifestyles, rising incomes, more working women, wider car ownership, wider ownership of fridges and freezers, price v personal service!) Discuss some different viewpoints people have of the issues of shopping patterns. E.g. a small shopkeeper, an elderly person, a car driving parent, an E. European migrant. Give your own view.
Task 3: Next youll carry out your own investigation into internet shopping!