Albedos Nearer to 1 = more energy reflected Car engines / exhausts Buildings with central heating Impact of parks? when greatest?
Urban Rainfall Suns energy absorbed by buildings Decreased air pressure Increased air pressure Cumulus cloud where rising warm air meets colder air Convectional rain More dust particles for condensation nuclei
Urban Winds Wind is funnelled by tall buildings Prevailing wind Gusty winds may be two or three times stronger than average canyon effect of tall buildings
Future Trends – different cities What are the advantages and disadvantages of the urban microclimate for a city dweller? What trends can we see for all cities?