2MEDCs add import taxes/tariffs to LEDC products, this makes them more expensive.
3MEDCs put quotas on the import of LEDC products- they are only allowed to export a set amount to a country.
4MEDCs can also give subsidies to their producers.
5LEDCs could protect their own producers with taxes, tariffs and quotas, but they are likely to lose loans from MEDCs.10p15p10p
6MEDCs have joined trading blocks, such as the European Union, which protect their producers from outside imports, but allow free trade between each other.
7LEDCs have been encouraged to produce primary products, as such overproduction leads to falling prices...1p10p
8Primary agricultural products are effected by a number of natural factors which are out of the control of producers.
9LEDCs tend to export primary goods and import secondary products. This creates a deficit which they have to fill with loans.100p10p
10Trade rules and accessing MEDC markets Skilled and educated workforce I t would be in the interests of LEDCs to produce secondary products, but they struggle to do this because...Capital to investInfrastructureTrade rules and accessing MEDC marketsSkilled and educated workforcePolitical stability