Computer Assisted Language Learning: Where are we now and where are we going? Graham Davies
June 2005Coleraine2 The early years z1960s: Big mainframe computers z1970s: Enter the microcomputer z1980s: The microcomputer boom z1980s: CALICO & EUROCALL established z1990s: Advent of the Web History of CALL: http://www.history-of-call.org
June 2005Coleraine3 A bewildering array of technology (1) zradio zmovie projector zgramophone / record player ztelevision (terrestrial) ztape recorder zlanguage lab
June 2005Coleraine4 A bewildering array of technology (2) zvideocassette recorder (VCR) zcomputer zaudio CD player zsatellite television zvideodisc player zCD-ROMs
June 2005Coleraine5 A bewildering array of technology (3) zthe Internet zDVD-ROMs zDVD player zmobile phone zpersonal digital assistant (PDA) ziPod and similar devices
June 2005Coleraine6 Lessons from the past zDont regard technology as the panacea zDont neglect training in using new technologies zOpen up to new ideas
June 2005Coleraine7 ICT myths zSaves time zSaves money zSaves staff zIts a more effective way of learning E-learning has become the buzzword - but is widely misunderstood
June 2005Coleraine8 The Web zEUROCALL 93, Hull: no Web zEUROCALL 94, Karlsruhe: some Web zEUROCALL 95, Valencia: more Web zNow: Nothing but the Web!
June 2005Coleraine9 Training: No. 1 priority ICT for Language Teachers (ICT4LT): http://www.ict4lt.org zEC-funded project z16 training modules
June 2005Coleraine10 Loads of government money (1) zDfES: http://www.dfes.gov.uk/languages Curriculum Online: http://www.curriculumonline.gov.uk BECTA: http://www.becta.org.uk
June 2005Coleraine11 Loads of government money (2) ICT Advice: h ttp://www.ictadvice.org.uk zCILT: http://www.cilt.org.uk zLanguages ICT: http://www.languages-ict.org.uk
June 2005Coleraine13 CALL typology (2) zGames zTotal Cloze: text reconstruction zExploratory programs zWriting – word-processing See ICT4LT Module 1.4
June 2005Coleraine14 Phases of CALL (1) Warschauer (1996) zBehaviouristic zCommunicative zIntegrative yMultimedia yThe Internet See ICT4LT Module 1.4
June 2005Coleraine15 Phases of CALL (2) Levy (1997) Data Driven Learning was the only new approach to language teaching that was cited by survey respondents as a direct result of the attributes of the computer. In other words, this approach has been conceived with the computer in mind.
June 2005Coleraine16 Phases of CALL (3) Bax (2003) zRestricted zOpen zIntegrated - process of normalisation See ICT4LT Module 1.4
June 2005Coleraine17 Methodology (1) Hewer S. (2000) CALL methodology: integrating CALL into study programmes, ICT4LT, Module 2.1: http://www.ict4lt.org
June 2005Coleraine18 Methodology (2) King L. (2003) Improving the quality of language learning in schools: approaches to teaching and learning, London: CILT: http://www.cilt.org.uk/key/approaches.htm
June 2005Coleraine19 Methodology (3) Decoo W. (2001) On the mortality of language learning methods. Paper given as the James L. Barker lecture at Brigham Young University: http://www.didascalia.be/mortality.htm
June 2005Coleraine20 Decoo (1) zTraditional approach: Grammar- translation, learning vocab lists z60s: Communicative approach z70s: Authentic input, direct communication z80s and 90s: Direct Method
June 2005Coleraine21 Decoo (2) z1930s: Reading Method z1940s: US Army Method z1950s: Audio-Lingual Method (New Key) z1960s: SGAV z1970s: CEF: Functional-Notional Model z1980s: Communicative Approach z1990s and early 21c: Constructivism
June 2005Coleraine22 Attitudes to methodology (1) Littlemore J. (2002) Setting up a course in ICT for Language Teachers: some essential considerations, CALL-EJ Online 4, 1: http://www.tell.is.ritsumei.ac.jp/ callejonline/journal/4-1/littlemore.html
June 2005Coleraine23 Attitudes to methodology (2) Davies G., Bangs P., Frisby R. & Walton E. (2005) Setting up effective digital language laboratories and multimedia ICT suites for MFL, London: CILT: http://www.languages-ict.org.uk/ info/digital_language_labs.pdf
June 2005Coleraine24 Where are we heading? Sam Goldwyn: I never prophesy – especially about the future.
June 2005Coleraine25 Historic blunders zTelephone zRadio zComputer
June 2005Coleraine28 Whither technology? zExpansion of online learning Human Language Technologies See ICT4LT Module 3.5 Podcasting: Partners in Excellence (Scotland): http://www.pie.org.uk
June 2005Coleraine29 Whither methodology? Three Cs zCommunication zCooperation zConstructivism But see Decoo (2003)
June 2005Coleraine30 Normalisation zEmail: Keeping in touch with friends zOnline shopping zChecking train timetables zBooking flight tickets zMaking hotel reservations zChecking on the weather zEtc...