2 Presidential Election When you vote for President, do you choose the candidate directly?
3 Presidential Election No – you actually elect people called electors.Electors are people who promise to cast votes for the candidate selected by the voters.The Constitution established the Electoral College.
4 How the Electoral College Works Each state has the same # of electors as it has members of Congress.For example, KY has 6 representatives and 2 senators for a total of 8 electors.The Electoral College has 538 electors, each with one vote.To win, a candidate needs an absolute majority of electoral votes or more.
5 How it worksBefore the election begins, each state makes a list of electors who promise to vote for the party’s presidential candidate.On election day, when you vote for a certain candidate, you are really voting for that candidate’s team of electors.These electors will then vote for the candidate who won their state.
6 Casting the voteA few weeks after the election, the official electoral voting takes place in each state.An elector is not required by law to vote for the candidate to whom he or she is pledged, but nearly all do.The votes are then counted in Congress.
7 The 2000 ElectionAl Gore received about 500,000 more popular votes than George W. BushHowever, Bush was elected President with 271 electoral votes to Gore’s 267Bush is only the 4th president in history to reach the White House without winning the popular vote