Presentation on theme: "The Creation of the Roman Republic. Cultural Diffusion Greeks –Alphabet –Hired Greeks to educate their children –government."— Presentation transcript:
The Creation of the Roman Republic
Cultural Diffusion Greeks –Alphabet –Hired Greeks to educate their children –government
Cultural Diffusion Etruscans (borrowed from Greeks) –Gods and goddesses –Engineering techniques
Romes Republic form of government People rule Senate had 300 patricians (landholding upper class) –Served for life
Romes Republic form of government 2 consuls who supervised the business of govt and commanded the armies Dictator controlled govt while in war Plebeians (everybody else) elected tribunes (later consuls) –Tribunes could veto laws Checks on govt Twelve Tables-written law code
Conquering the Italian Peninsula Used legion and skilled diplomacy to conquer the Etruscans and Greeks
How did the Romans treat conquered people? Read p. 158 (new book)
How did the Romans treat conquered people? 1 st group- full citizens 2 nd group- all rights of citizenship except couldnt vote 3 rd group-allies of Rome
How did the Romans treat conquered people? Conquered people had to accept Roman leadership, pay taxes and supply soldiers In return, they were able to keep their own customs, money, and local govt. Most of them accepted the Latin lang. and adopted Roman customs and beliefs
How does this differ from Sparta and Athens?
The Roman Legion
Loyalty, courage, and respect for authority
The Roman Legion Up to 5000 men
The Roman Legion Harsh punishments and rewards
The Roman Legion Fought w/o pay and had own weapons
BRONZE BREAST PLATE
LEGIONAIRE FULLY ARMED
How was the government of ancient Athens and ancient Rome similar and different? AthensRomeSimilar
The make-up of the Athenian and Roman Government Direct Democracy –Council of 500 –Chosen by the people –Served for 2 terms –Male over 30 can be members Republic –Senate- 300 members –Chosen by aristocracy –Served for life –2 consuls –Dictator during war –Plebeians elected tribunes
Similarities between Athenian and Roman Govt. Nobles had power Democracy –People rule Checks on govt
Less rugged mts Valleys were not as isolated More fertile plains
Why did Greece develop their unique type of government?
Why did Rome develop their unique type of government?
How is the government of ancient Rome and the United States similar and different? RomeUnited StatesSimilar
Predict what problems the Romans may have in the future based on the way their society and government was formed.