Presentation on theme: "Note Taking Instructions Only write down information on slides with a red box. We will discuss many things about Africa, and participation is required."— Presentation transcript:
Sahara Desert Largest desert (3.5 million miles) expanding south at an average of ½ mile a month! as large as the USA! Temperature differences between day & night in the Sahara desert can range as much as 100°F
Adaptations in Northern Africa Population lives next to sources of water Saharan inhabitants are nomadic Nomads wear long loose clothing Technology: –Trucks are replacing camels –Satellite phones –Aswan High Dam QUESTION 1 WRITE THIS DOWN!
Adaptations in Central/Southern Africa Subsistence farming-living off the land –Harvesting bush meat Cutting rainforest down for firewood Use of natural resources QUESTION 2 WRITE THIS DOWN!
Illegal/Questionable Activities Poaching of endangered species Elimination of Rainforest Exploitation of Natural Resources QUESTION 3 WRITE THIS DOWN! ANSWER QUESTION 4 WITH YOUR OWN OPINION
Africa has developed at a slower rate than the rest of the world
Governmental Systems Today in Africa, we find different types of governmental systems:
Governmental Systems Monarchy – countries such as Swaziland & Morocco where the monarch has absolute control (traditional clothing) King Mohammed VIKing Mswati III
Governmental Systems Parliamentary democracy (prime minister or president) – South Africa, Botswana (most of Africa)
Governmental Systems Military dictatorship – Libya, Egypt Muammar Gaddafi Muhammad Hosni Mubarak
guerrilla warfare/corruption/ethnic conflict Most of Africa was colonized by European nations but internal problems have plagued them since gaining independence
guerrilla warfare/corruption/ethnic conflict About 1200-1500 different languages spoken in Africa The lack of communication has led to poor relations between different groups necessary for lingua franca
guerrilla warfare/corruption/ethnic conflict There are many different ethnic groups (estimated 800) warring tribes still living today in Africa very hard to have a unified govt voice Ethnic fighting between Tutsis and Hutus – heads from a Tutsis mass grave
Life expectancy – lowest in world worlds shortest life expectancy: 51 yrs –(50 male/52 female)
Standard of Living malaria causes 3000 children to die/day over 1 million/yr – most in sub-Saharan Africa
Standard of Living What are the signs and symptoms of malaria? fever and flu-like illness shaking chills headache muscle aches tiredness nausea vomiting diarrhea
Standard of Living What it will do to a person: cause anemia and jaundice (yellow coloring of the skin and eyes) because of the loss of red blood cells may cause kidney failure seizures mental confusion coma death
Standard of Living 38 million people are at risk for starvation
Standard of Living highest birth rate (41/1000)
Standard of Living worlds highest population growth rate (887 million in 2005 total pop.) 2.4%
Most of Sub- Saharan Africa is in the World Bank's lowest income category of less than $765 Gross National Income (GNI) per person per year. Ethiopia and Burundi are the worst off with just $90 GNI per person.
Becoming a Developed Country Political challenges –Oppressive governments –Conflicts between countries Economic challenges –Limited resources and technology –Poor education- low skill jobs –Resources are exported to other countries Social Challenges –Variety of languages –Disease/Famine QUESTION 5 WRITE THIS DOWN! ANSWER QUESTION 6 IN YOUR OWN OPINION
Questions 7 and 8 Significance of the Sahara Desert –Largest Desert in the World Significance of the Nile River –Longest River in the World