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Note Taking Instructions Only write down information on slides with a red box. We will discuss many things about Africa, and participation is required.

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Presentation on theme: "Note Taking Instructions Only write down information on slides with a red box. We will discuss many things about Africa, and participation is required."— Presentation transcript:


2 Note Taking Instructions Only write down information on slides with a red box. We will discuss many things about Africa, and participation is required. Watch for these red boxes!


4 Africa: Just the Facts 2 nd largest continent 2 nd most populous continent –887,000,000 Found in all 4 hemispheres 54 countries

5 Surprising facts Nearly ½ of Africas population is under 15 years old Only 10% of roads are paved Deserts cover 1/3 of Africa

6 Northern Africa

7 Sahara Desert Largest desert (3.5 million miles) expanding south at an average of ½ mile a month! as large as the USA! Temperature differences between day & night in the Sahara desert can range as much as 100°F

8 Sahara Desert


10 Nile River Longest River in the world (4132 miles) The Delta is at the Mediterranean Sea

11 In the middle of the desert



14 Aswan High Dam

15 Adaptations in Northern Africa Population lives next to sources of water Saharan inhabitants are nomadic Nomads wear long loose clothing Technology: –Trucks are replacing camels –Satellite phones –Aswan High Dam QUESTION 1 WRITE THIS DOWN!

16 Central and Southern Africa

17 Lake Victoria

18 approximately 26,800 mi 2 Buchanan County: 410 mi 2 larger than the state of West Virginia (24,077 mi 2)

19 Victoria Falls

20 height of 360 ft twice as high as Niagara Falls largest sheet of falling water in the world 1 mile wide

21 Kilimanjaro tallest free-standing mountain in the world

22 Kilimanjaro

23 Rainforest

24 It is shrinking rapidly due mostly to subsistence farming & collecting firewood for heating/cooking

25 Rainforest 90% of Africas rainforests have been destroyed

26 Exotic Animals/Endangered Species When the rainforest disappears, so do the animals and plants that need it to survive

27 Exotic Animals/Endangered Species poaching elephants – ivory tusks & hides

28 Exotic Animals/Endangered Species removing the tusks of a recently killed elephant

29 Exotic Animals/Endangered Species Buyers going through a warehouse Ivory is illegal in much of the world today

30 Exotic Animals/Endangered Species Rhino horns & hides are illegal but sought after, much like elephant tusks

31 Exotic Animals/Endangered Species A prized rhino will bring a nice price at market once he is skinned and has his horns removed

32 Exotic Animals/Endangered Species A sample of rhino horns

33 Exotic Animals/Endangered Species Some animals have been poached as trophies for the wealthy, but today most are being killed for another reason

34 Exotic Animals/Endangered Species Animals are hunted and sold as bush-meat in local open-air markets. A few large operations have shipped meat off to Europe, but most stays local.

35 Exotic Animals/Endangered Species Hunter keeps latest gorilla head as a trophy & proudly displays it on his kitchen table for friends to see!

36 Exotic Animals/Endangered Species Male mandrill bought at an open-air market by a local shopper looking for a special dinner

37 Exotic Animals/Endangered Species Shipped to bush-meat market still alive in order to receive a higher price

38 Natural Resources

39 S. Africa is #1 in the mining of Gold & diamonds in the world

40 Natural Resources Coal – used to generate electricity

41 Natural Resources Uranium – fission (breaking apart) of atom creates nuclear reaction. Used in nuclear power plants and nuclear weapons

42 Natural Resources silver

43 Natural Resources Limestone – used as a common building material

44 Natural Resources Petroleum

45 Adaptations in Central/Southern Africa Subsistence farming-living off the land –Harvesting bush meat Cutting rainforest down for firewood Use of natural resources QUESTION 2 WRITE THIS DOWN!

46 Illegal/Questionable Activities Poaching of endangered species Elimination of Rainforest Exploitation of Natural Resources QUESTION 3 WRITE THIS DOWN! ANSWER QUESTION 4 WITH YOUR OWN OPINION

47 Africa has developed at a slower rate than the rest of the world

48 Governmental Systems Today in Africa, we find different types of governmental systems:

49 Governmental Systems Monarchy – countries such as Swaziland & Morocco where the monarch has absolute control (traditional clothing) King Mohammed VIKing Mswati III

50 Governmental Systems Parliamentary democracy (prime minister or president) – South Africa, Botswana (most of Africa)

51 Governmental Systems Military dictatorship – Libya, Egypt Muammar Gaddafi Muhammad Hosni Mubarak

52 guerrilla warfare/corruption/ethnic conflict Most of Africa was colonized by European nations but internal problems have plagued them since gaining independence

53 guerrilla warfare/corruption/ethnic conflict About 1200-1500 different languages spoken in Africa The lack of communication has led to poor relations between different groups necessary for lingua franca

54 guerrilla warfare/corruption/ethnic conflict There are many different ethnic groups (estimated 800) warring tribes still living today in Africa very hard to have a unified govt voice Ethnic fighting between Tutsis and Hutus – heads from a Tutsis mass grave

55 Standard of Living

56 Life expectancy – lowest in world worlds shortest life expectancy: 51 yrs –(50 male/52 female)

57 Standard of Living malaria causes 3000 children to die/day over 1 million/yr – most in sub-Saharan Africa

58 Standard of Living What are the signs and symptoms of malaria? fever and flu-like illness shaking chills headache muscle aches tiredness nausea vomiting diarrhea

59 Standard of Living What it will do to a person: cause anemia and jaundice (yellow coloring of the skin and eyes) because of the loss of red blood cells may cause kidney failure seizures mental confusion coma death

60 Standard of Living 38 million people are at risk for starvation


62 Standard of Living over 50% of people with HIV live in sub-Saharan ¾ of 3 million AIDS related-deaths in 2005 2/3 of the 5 million new HIV cases in this region

63 Babies with HIV

64 Standard of Living highest birth rate (41/1000)

65 Standard of Living worlds highest population growth rate (887 million in 2005 total pop.) 2.4%

66 Most of Sub- Saharan Africa is in the World Bank's lowest income category of less than $765 Gross National Income (GNI) per person per year. Ethiopia and Burundi are the worst off with just $90 GNI per person.

67 Becoming a Developed Country Political challenges –Oppressive governments –Conflicts between countries Economic challenges –Limited resources and technology –Poor education- low skill jobs –Resources are exported to other countries Social Challenges –Variety of languages –Disease/Famine QUESTION 5 WRITE THIS DOWN! ANSWER QUESTION 6 IN YOUR OWN OPINION

68 Questions 7 and 8 Significance of the Sahara Desert –Largest Desert in the World Significance of the Nile River –Longest River in the World

69 Label physical features on the map

70 Label countries on the map

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