Presentation on theme: "You Are the Emergency Medical Responder"— Presentation transcript:
1 You Are the Emergency Medical Responder Lesson 44: Hazardous Materials EmergenciesYou Are the Emergency Medical ResponderYou are the first emergency medical responder (EMR) to arrive at the scene of a freight train derailment. According to the train’s placards and signage, several of the cars are carrying liquefied chlorine gas, at least two cars are leakingand there is a yellowish cloud hanging low over the area. The winds are light, about 5 to 10 miles per hour (mph) and are coming from the northeast.
2 HAZMATAny chemical substance or material that can pose a threat or risk to life, health, safety and property if not properly handled or contained.
3 Resources About Hazardous Materials The Emergency Response GuidebookThe Chemical Transportation Emergency Center (CHEMTREC) hotlineCAMEO® online library of dataMaterial Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) resources
5 Indications of Hazardous Materials PlacardsSpilled, splattered, smoking, burning or boiling materialsUnusual odorsVapor cloudsContainers that are leaking (with possible frost near the leak), in deteriorating condition or otherwise atypical
6 Three Safety Zones Hot zone Exclusion zone Greatest amount of danger Warm zoneContamination reduction zoneImmediately outside hot zoneCold zoneSupport zoneRemoval of all contaminated PPE and equipment before entering
7 Contamination Exposure Routes Topical (through the skin)Respiratory (inhaled)Gastrointestinal (ingested)Parenteral (intramuscular, intravenous or subcutaneous)
9 ActivityYou are assisting at a HAZMAT incident involving an explosion in a chemical plant. Several of the employees were exposed when the chemicals sprayed into the air and onto themselves and their clothing. Hot, warm and cold zones have been set up.
10 You Are the Emergency Medical Responder Based on what you see, you recognize the scene as a HAZMAT incident.