3 we are lovers of the beautiful, yet simple in our tastes!! We cultivate the mind,we are lovers of the beautiful,yet simple in our tastes!!Pericles
4 Athens Golden Age of Greece Age of PericlesAdvancements in architecture, drama, philosophyDelian League (Alliance of Athenian allies)Money used to rebuild AthensAthens forced all to stay in LeaguePeloponnesian League (Allies with Sparta)Enemy of Athens
6 Focused on Ethics and Behavior PhilosophersFocused on Ethics and Behavior
7 Socrates Questioned people to inspire debate Socratic Method: KNOW YOURSELFWhat is known about him is largely gathered from Plato and Xenophon. Served in the Athenian Army. Heard voices that he claimed were the Gods. Spent much of his life in the Agora (market place) conversing ethical issues. Exposed hypocrisy, ignorance and conceit among his fellow Athenians. Not a proponent of Democracy. May have been seen as a trouble maker and persuading people to be tyrannical “socratified” youth. Charges: Socrates is guilty of refusing to recognize the gods recognized by the state, and of introducing new divinities. He is also guilty of corrupting the youth. The penalty demanded is death.Sentenced to death – Drinks Hemlock. Producing a gradual paralysis of the CNS.
8 Plato Emphasized the importance of reason. People should do work for which they are best suited.Follower of Socrates
9 Aristotle Classified and grouped important facts Studied numerous areas of knowledge and wrote about themSuspicious of democracy(checks and balances)Teacher of AlexanderThe Great
11 Peloponnesian War 27 years of war Athens: Geographical DisadvantageStrong NavySparta inlandSparta Invades AthensAllies itself with PersiaPericles allows people into city: Plague Breaks!Sparta Captures AthensStrips Athens of navy and empire
16 “Alexander the Great” Alexander Age Twenty Student of AristotleExperienced soldierLearned from AristotleAge TwentyConquered MediterraneanNever lost a battleDied Suddenly: Unknown FeverLeft empire to “the strongest”Generals divided up the empireDied at 33 years old. While in Babylon he drank heavily at several banquets. Murdered? Or Natural Causes? Liver.