Presentation on theme: "Global Warming-Possible Courses of Individual Action"— Presentation transcript:
1Global Warming-Possible Courses of Individual Action
2Content ObjectivesBriefly review the concepts regarding Global WarmingLook at “The Good, The Bad, and The Ugly” side of Global WarmingDiscuss Global Warming EffectsAddress Global Warming politics and discuss possible courses of individual action
11“The Good”-Benefits of Global Warming The “Bring on the Heat” AttitudeHarsh Utah Winters could use a little heatGlobal Warming and Cooling are natural cyclical events.
12Vegetation InfluxIncreasing greenhouse levels may boost production of wheat, fruits, rice, and soybeans. Producing up to a 25% increase in overall seed weight. (Curtis, 2002 National Geographic News)
13Rainforest Vegetation Increase “Owing to the added sunshine, photosynthesis has been rampant, the Amazons increased growth rate has accounted for 42% of the global vegetation in recent years.” (Schimel, 2003 National Geographic News)“Australia, India, and southern Africa have experienced increased plant production over the past several decades.” (Schimel, 2003 National Geographic News)
14Economic DownfallEconomically speaking a serious address of global warming would require billions of dollars.Global warming solutions would likely cause an increase in unemployment, so by not accepting global warming as a viable threat it saves tax payers money.
15Messing with the Environment Tinkering with the Earth’s climate could have unforeseen problems. (Example of the cheese loving king and the mice) (Weaver, 2006 Climate Scientist)In the book, a cheese-loving king’s castle is infested with mice. So the king brings in cats to get rid of the mice. Then the castle’s overrun with cats, so he brings in dogs to get rid of them, then lions to get rid of the dogs, elephants to get rid of the lions, and finally, mice to get rid of the elephants
16Unknown Effects of Possible Solutions “Mankind has already harmed Earth’s climate inadvertently, so it’s foolish to think that people can now fix it with a few drastic measures.” (Trenberth, 2006 National Center for Atmospheric Research)
17“The Bad”-Detriments of Global Warming “Alaska, western Canada, and eastern Russia, average temperatures have increased as much as 3 to 4 degrees (Celsius) in the past 50 years, nearly twice the global average.Temperatures are projected to rise 5 to 7 degrees (Celsius) in the next 100 years. The rising temperatures are likely to cause the melting of the Greenland Ice Sheet which could raise the worldwide sea level by 23 feet as early as (Artic Climate Impact Assessment, 2004)
18Land Based Ice MeltingIf half of Greenland and half of the West Antarctica ice sheet broke up and melted then the water globally would be raised by 20 feet or more.Imagine the world-wide impact that having millions of refugees displaced would have. (Hurricane Katrina displaced hundreds of thousands)
19Greenland MeltingTony Blair’s scientific advisor has stated “The recent melting of Greenland’s Ice Sheet is so severe that the maps of the world will have to be re-drawn.”If Greenhouse gas emissions go unchecked the areas of New Orleans, New York, San Francisco, Shanghai, Belgium, Calcutta, Netherlands, Beijing and Miami (just to name a few) could easily go the way of the fabled City of Atlantis.
20European-Ice Age“Thermo-Haline circulation is driven by differences in density of sea water. Historically this circulation brings warm, salty water to the North Atlantic, where it is cooled and sinks. This newly formed cooler sea water is then exported southward.This ocean circulation pattern which brings warm water northward and ships cold water south is thought to be responsible for the warming of Northern Europe by several degrees. If you stop this process by the addition of melting fresh water you stop the conveyor that brings warm water north and subsequently there would be a cooling of Northern Europe. (Peterson, 2004 University of Colorado)
21On the left is a photograph of Muir Glacier taken on August 13th, 1941 On the left is a photograph of Muir Glacier taken on August 13th, On the right, a photograph from the same vantage point taken on August 31st, 2004.Between 1941 and 2004 the glacier has retreated 7 miles and thinned by more then 800 meters. Ocean water has now filled the valley where Muir Glacier was once located.
22Gigantic Species Decline Possible “By 2050, rising temperatures exacerbated by human-induced belches of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases could send more then a million of Earth’s land-dwelling plants and animals down the road to extinction.” (Roach, 2004 National Geographic News)
23“The Bad”-Detriments of Global Warming Review Increased Melting of land based ice causing entire cities to be floodedEuropean Ice AgePlant and Animal Extinction up to 1 million species.Increasing Ocean Temperatures produce larger and more destructive hurricanes.Obviously most of these detriments are based upon scientific conjecture and based upon a worse case scenario but the data should be alarming.
24“The Ugly”-The Publicized and Political View of Global Warming
25Media’s Influence Peer Reviewed Scientific Articles Reviewed-928 Percent of those articles which questioned the source of global warming and conjectured that it was not caused by human activity 0%Articles in the Popular Press regarding global warming-636Percent of those articles which questioned the source of global warming and conjectured that it was not caused by human activity 53% (Science Magazine, 2006)
26Changes in Global Warming could effect Global Economics Policy changes and switching to renewable resources could cause un-employment rates to rise“It is difficult to get a man to understand something when his salary depends upon his not understanding it.”-Upton Sinclair
27Political Quotes on Global Warming “Global Warming is too serious for the world any longer to ignore its danger or split into opposing factions on it.” (Tony Blair, 2005)Some of the scientists, I believe, haven’t they been changing their opinion a little bit on global warming? There’s a lot of differing opinions and before we react I think it’s best to have the full accounting, full understanding of what’s taking place. (George W. Bush, 2000)Two thousand scientists, in a hundred countries, engaged in the most elaborate, well organized scientific collaboration in the history of humankind, have produced long-since a consensus that we will face a string of terrible catastrophes unless we act to prepare ourselves and deal with the underlying causes of global warming. (Al Gore, 2005)
28Kyoto ProtocolThe Kyoto Protocol is an agreement made under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Countries that ratify this protocol commit to reduce their emissions of carbon dioxide and five other greenhouse gases.The Kyoto Protocol now covers more than 160 countries globallyThe protocol outlined that countries that ratified it would reduce their greenhouse emissions by an average of 5.2% below their 1990 levelsThe objective of the protocol is the stabilization of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system.
30United States after Kyoto Rejection Much of the responsibility for controlling greenhouse emissions has fallen upon communities and states rather then a national policy.Hundreds of towns, cities, and communities in the United States have at the local level committed to uphold the Kyoto Protocol.Global warming it’s causes and effects are sure to be a controversial, yet important topic for the upcoming presidential election.
31Energy Source and Emissions are Important Topics Locally as Well
32Logan City-No More Coal Logan City Mayor Randy Watt’s reaction after council members rejected a bill that would authorize the use of more coal power plants. “Now it’s a crapshoot. We don’t even have the cards. We’re waiting for someone to hand us the dice and roll them. The council doesn’t have to sit through the rigors of running a city. I think it’s irresponsible to fully move into the realm of the unknown.”Possible sources of power discussed were geothermal, wind, solar, and hydroelectric.
33Logan’s Current Sources for Power 52.5 % Coal5.2 % Natural Gas.8% Wind21.9 % Hydro-electricity19.7% Other (Pool power purchased through contracts) (Herald Journal, 2007)
34Scientific Consensus“The future is by in large in our hands we can choose between a modest warming and a radical warming.” (Michael Oppenheimer, 2006 Princeton University Instructor)“I think that the greatest tragedy in the world would be to realize that we have enough intellect and enough technology to save ourselves from a killer asteroid but not enough intellect to save ourselves from ourselves. (Neil Tyson, 2006 American Museum of Natural History)
35……..Scientific Consensus “Humanity already possesses the fundamental scientific, technical, and industrial know-how to solve the carbon and climate problems……”-Stephen Pacala and Robert Socolow(Science August 2004)
36What can we do individually? Change a light: Replacing one regular light bulb with a compact fluorescent light will save 150 pounds of carbon dioxide per year.Drive Less: Walk, bike, carpool or take metro transit more often. You’ll save one pound of carbon dioxide for every mile you don’t drive.Recycle More: You can save 2,400 pounds of carbon dioxide per year by recycling just half of your household waste.Check Your Tires: Keeping your tires inflated properly can improve gas mileage by more than 3%. Every gallon of gasoline saved keeps 20 pounds of carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere.Use Less Hot Water: It takes a lot of energy to heat water. Use less hot water by installing a low-flow showerhead (350 pounds of CO2 saved per year and washing your clothes in cold or warm water (500 pounds saved per year)
37What can we do individually? Avoid Products with a lot of Packaging: You can save 1,200 pounds of carbon dioxide if you cut down your garbage by 10%Adjust your thermostat: Moving your thermostat down just 2 degrees in winter and up 2 degrees in summer could save 2,000 pounds of carbon dioxide per yearPlant a Tree: A single tree will absorb one ton of carbon dioxide over it’s lifetimeTurn off Electronic Devices: Simply turning off your television, DVD player, stereo, and computer when you’re not using them will save thousands of pounds of carbon dioxide per year.Be part of the Solution: Learn more about global warming and help educate your friends and family. (Solutions provided in part by
38Stephen Hawking’s View “We have to reverse global warming urgently if we still can. The earth is in much more danger from human action then from natural disasters. This is not a prediction of doom but a wake up call. We have to recognize the dangers and control them. I am an optimist and I believe we can.”
39Dilemma Question:What course of action if any should the United States now take with regards to global warming? Furthermore should this course of action be handled at the national or state level?Carbon Footprint