2HomeostasisHomeostasis is the regulation of an organisms internal, life-maintaining conditions despite changes in the environment.
3SystemsSystems are groups of interacting components that perform a certain function.Examples: Organ System, Solar System, and working technological parts.
4Matter Matter is anything that takes up space and has mass. Examples: Solids, Liquids, and Gasses. And pretty much anything!!!
5Atoms Atoms are the smallest basic particles of matter. Examples are hydrogen atoms, oxygen atoms, and nitrogen atoms.
6Molecules Molecules consist of two or more atoms put together. Examples: Water (H20), Carbon Dioxide (CO2), and Methane (CH4).
7CellsCells are the smallest basic unit of life. Cells are the building blocks of life.Examples: Eukaryotic Cells and Prokaryotic Cells
8TissuesTissues are a group of cells working together to perform a specific function.Examples: Muscle Tissue, Nervous Tissue (brain, spinal cord)
9OrgansAn organ is two or more tissues working together to perform a specific function in the body.Examples: Heart, Lungs, Brain, Kidneys, Eye, Stomach, Skin, and Bones.
10List of Organs in the Human Body Brain, brain stem, eye, pituitary, thyroid, heart, lung, esophagus, appendix, bladder, gallbladder, large intestine, small intestine, kidney, liver, pancreas, spleen, skin, stomach, prostate, testes, ovaries, etc. (and lots more that are not listed here)
11Organ SystemsSystem: A group of interacting components that perform a certain function.Example to the left is the Skeletal SystemOther Examples: Circulatory System, Digestive System, Immune System, Nervous System, and Respiratory System.
12Organisms An organism is an individual living system or creature. An organism maybe unicellular or multi-cellularExamples: Crocodiles, Frogs, Plants, Bacteria, Humans, Lizards
13Which is the correct order from smallest to largest? A. Tissue, Cell, Organ, Organ System, OrganismB. Cell, Tissue, Organ System, Organ, OrganismC. Cell, Tissue, Organ, Organ System, OrganismD. Cell, Organ, Tissue, Organ System, Organism
14Types of TissuesEpithelial Tissue: Covers and protects the underlying tissue.Example of this is Skin.This type of tissue also forms the outer layer of many organs such as the heart and lungs.
15Types of TissuesNervous Tissue sends electrical signals throughout the body.Examples of nervous tissue are your brain tissue and spinal cord tissue.There are 45 miles of nerves in the skin of a human being.
16Types of TissuesMuscle Tissue is made of cells that contract and relax to produce movement.Your Arms, Heart, and Stomach have muscle tissue.If all of the muscles that make up your body could pull together in one direction they could pull something that weighs 25 tons.
17Types of TissuesConnective Tissue helps join, supports, protect, insulate, nourish and cushion organs.
19OrgansOrgan is two or more tissues working together to perform a specific function in the body.Examples: Heart, Lungs, Brain, Kidneys, Eye, Stomach, Skin, and Bones.
20List of Organs in the Human Body Brain, brain stem, eye, pituitary, thyroid, heart, lung, esophagus, appendix, bladder, gallbladder, large intestine, small intestine, kidney, liver, pancreas, spleen, skin, stomach, prostate, testes, ovaries, etc. (and lots more that are not listed here)
21Organ SystemsSystem: A group of interacting components that perform a certain function.Example to the left is the Skeletal SystemOther Examples: Circulatory System, Digestive System, Immune System, Nervous System, and Respiratory System.
22Organ Systems Integumentary System protects tissues and cells beneath So what types of tissues does the integumentary system primarily composed of?Most people shed about 600,000 particles of skin every hour, which amounts to 1.5 pounds per year. Within an average lifetime this means you lose about 105 pounds of skin.
23Organ Systems Muscular System helps you move Made up primarily of muscle tissues.Muscles are found nearly every where throughout your body.Any place you can move or that naturally moves inside your body has muscle
24Organ Systems Skeletal System helps support and protect body parts Have you ever broken part of your skeletal system?Your skeletal system completely replaces itself every 2 years.Skeletal System Video
25Organ SystemsCardiovascular System (circulatory system) helps circulate blood throughout the body.Includes the heart, veins, and arteries.It pumps oxygenated blood away from the heart and blood without oxygen towards the heart.Red blood cells last about 4 months and travel about 1000 miles in their lifetime.Video about the HeartThe heart is a strong enough muscle that if unconstrained by the body it could pump blood 30 feet in one direction.
26Organ SystemsRespiratory Systems helps absorb oxygen and release carbon dioxide.Performs in part the process of respiration!Respiratory System Video
27Organ SystemsUrinary System (Excretory System) filters or removes waste products from your body.This system filters your waste products to make sure you are not getting rid of needed materials.Organs within this system include in part your lungs, skin, and kidneys.
28Organ SystemsMale Reproductive System produces sperm needed for reproduction.This organ system produces sperm for reproduction.
29Organ SystemsFemale Reproductive System produces eggs needed for reproduction.This organ system produces eggs for reproduction.
30Organ SystemsNervous System sends and receives electrical signals throughout the body.Parts of this organ system include nerves throughout your body, your spinal cord, and your brain.These electrical signals can travel at about 250mph.Nervous System Video
31Organ SystemsDigestive System breaks down food into nutrients that the body can absorb.Your digestive cells are so acidic they have to replace themselves every 3 days.The cells absorb this nutrients by diffusion.Organs in this system include your mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, and large intestine.Digestive System Video
32Organ SystemsLymphatic System helps return leaked fluids to blood and gets rid of bacteria and viruses.This system is also known as the immune system that helps fight off disease.The organs that make up this system are known as “lymph nodes.” They are located all over your body including your chest, neck, pelvis, armpit, and groin.Immune System Video
33Organ SystemsEndocrine System has glands that help send out chemical messages.Let’s you know when your hungry, tired, etc.Organs included in this system are your thyroid and your brain.
34Organisms Organism is an individual living system or creature. An organism maybe unicellular or multi-cellularExamples: Crocodiles, Frogs, Plants, Bacteria, Humans, Lizards
35What’s a System?A set of inter-related components working together to perform a specific function is a system.A function is a job of a person or an object.Human System 101 Video
36Question #11Which of the following statements describes how tissues, organs, and organ systems are related?A. Organs form tissues, which form organ systems.B. Organ Systems form organs, which form tissues.C. Tissues form organs, which form organ systems.D. None of the Above
37Question #12The human skeleton has 206 bones. The human skull has 22 bones. What percentage of human bones are skull bones?Skull Bones/Skeleton Bones=? Then take that answer and multiply it by 10022/206 X 100/1 = 10.68%
38Question #13 How is the human body and a car alike? Both the human body and a car contain several different systems. A car has an exhaust system to take in air and remove waste products. The human body has a respiratory system to take in air and a digestive system to get rid of waste products.