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Types of Reproduction.

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Presentation on theme: "Types of Reproduction."— Presentation transcript:

1 Types of Reproduction

2 Types of Reproduction Asexual
Asexual reproduction occurs when a new organism is produced from one parent. The genetic material of the new organism is identical to the genetic material of the parent. So the offspring and the parent have all of the same traits. Organisms that are smaller and less complex are more likely to reproduce asexually. Single-celled organisms like bacteria and protists reproduce asexually. Many plants and fungi can reproduce asexually as well. A few animals can reproduce asexually. This animation shows a cell reproducing asexually.

3 Types of Reproduction Budding
Three types of asexual reproduction are budding, regeneration, and fission. Budding is the process when a new organism begins to form on the side of the parent and eventually breaks off. Budding is most common in plants and fungi. Hydra are part of the animal kingdom. Hydra reproduce by budding. You can see the new little hydra growing off the side of the larger, parent hydra. Picture from This picture shows a magnification of budding yeast.

4 Types of Reproduction Regeneration
Regeneration is the ability to restore lost or damaged tissues, organs, or limbs. It is most common in animals that do not have a backbone like worms and starfish. Sometimes, if an organism loses a limb or if the organism is split into two parts, both parts will regenerate the missing pieces, creating two organisms from one. Planaria regeneration. In the final picture, two planaria worms are formed. Picture retrieved from January 20, 2010.

5 Types of Reproduction Binary Fission
Binary fission occurs when a single celled organism splits into two cells. Bacteria and protists reproduce by binary fission. First the parent cell makes a copy of its genetic material (the green, squiggly circle), then the cell membrane pinches in and two new daughter cells split apart. Because the cell copied its genetic material, the two cells have the same traits.

6 Types of Reproduction Sexual
Egg cell Sperm cell New individual Sexual Reproduction requires two parents. The female parent provides an egg cell, and the male parent provides a sperm cell. The egg cell and the sperm cell combine to form a new individual. The egg cell has genetic material from the female parent and the sperm cell has genetic material from the male parent. Therefore, the offspring will have genetic material from both parents. This is called genetic variation. Sexual reproduction allows new individuals to have genetic variation because they get a mix of traits from two parents.

7 Types of Reproduction Pollination
Pollination is a form of sexual reproduction. Pollination occurs in plants. Pollen is taken from the male parts of one plant and delivered to the female parts of another plant, usually by an insect. The pollen then travels inside the flower and fertilizes an egg. The egg will grow into a seed which can become a new plant. Pollination also allows for genetic variation because the traits from two plants are mixed.

8 Types of Reproduction Sexual vs. Asexual
Take a look at the table below. It summarizes the important differences between sexual and asexual reproduction. Sexual Reproduction Asexual Reproduction Number of Parents 2 parents 1 parent Genetic Variation Lots of genetic variation (a mix of traits from 2 parents) No genetic variation (the same traits from only 1 parent)

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