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The Lakatos Group ODOT 2006 Marketing Training February 23, 2006 Presented By: Carla Lakatos, Partner Marketing Training ForTransits February 23, 2006.

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Presentation on theme: "The Lakatos Group ODOT 2006 Marketing Training February 23, 2006 Presented By: Carla Lakatos, Partner Marketing Training ForTransits February 23, 2006."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Lakatos Group ODOT 2006 Marketing Training February 23, 2006 Presented By: Carla Lakatos, Partner Marketing Training ForTransits February 23, 2006

2 The Lakatos Group ODOT 2006 Marketing Training February 23, 2006 Matching Company capabilities Customer wants The most concise definition of marketing is …the matching of a companys capabilities with the wants of the marketplace to the mutual satisfaction of both parties.

3 The Lakatos Group ODOT 2006 Marketing Training February 23, 2006 The only goal of private sector companies is profit: without profit the company ceases to exist. The public sector is just as concerned as the private sector with the elements of marketing…

4 The Lakatos Group ODOT 2006 Marketing Training February 23, 2006 …however, the standard that the organization is measured by is customer satisfaction rather than profitability

5 The Lakatos Group ODOT 2006 Marketing Training February 23, 2006 Marketing is not just Selling and Advertising… Marketing is a philosophy, or a management orientation, that stresses the importance of customer satisfaction Bottom-up approach – learning to listen to customers needs and desires Research and evaluation form the cornerstone

6 The Lakatos Group ODOT 2006 Marketing Training February 23, 2006 Why Should Transit Managers Study Marketing? 1.Marketing Is A Key Responsibility Of Public Service Providers – A Source Of Information

7 The Lakatos Group ODOT 2006 Marketing Training February 23, Marketing Is Important To The Marketplace Success Of Individual Transit Organizations Reflects how you wish your organization to be understood public trust directly impacts local support Important input in the design of transit services Important tool in the regulation of demand Why Should Transit Managers Study Marketing?

8 The Lakatos Group ODOT 2006 Marketing Training February 23, Marketing Is Important In The Internal Management Efforts Of Transit Organizations What is internal marketing? How does employee satisfaction affect customer satisfaction? Developing a Marketing Orientation – customer driven Why Should Transit Managers Study Marketing?

9 The Lakatos Group ODOT 2006 Marketing Training February 23, 2006 Inability to understand and respond quickly and effectively to customers and markets are hallmarks of industries in decline. Transit Agencies Have Been Slow To Embrace The Notion That They Are First And Foremost Delivering A Travel Experience To Their Riders.

10 The Lakatos Group ODOT 2006 Marketing Training February 23, 2006 Properties of a Customer-Driven Organization Lines of communication are broad There is less turf protection Customer service features as a tenet of the mission statement Internal customer service standards match high standards of external customer service A commercial organization is observable in all departments

11 The Lakatos Group ODOT 2006 Marketing Training February 23, 2006 Properties of a Customer-Driven Organization (continued) The taking of responsibility and risks in the name of providing breakthrough service is encouraged and failures or mistakes are tolerated. Customer service champions are developed and encouraged. Such champions walk the talk of customer service. Line managers display a genuine commitment to customer service.

12 The Lakatos Group ODOT 2006 Marketing Training February 23, 2006 Examples Of Customer-Focused Activities General Customer Interaction Transit System Map Public Timetables by Route Telephone Information Centers Web-based Information Information Kiosks/Bus Stop Signs Information Brochures Advertising (Print, Radio, TV) Public Forums Mission Statements Automated Information Kiosks/Touch Screens

13 The Lakatos Group ODOT 2006 Marketing Training February 23, 2006 Examples Of Customer-Focused Activities Obtaining and Using Customer Input Complaints On-Board Surveys Telephone Surveys Focus Groups Employee Meetings

14 The Lakatos Group ODOT 2006 Marketing Training February 23, 2006 Examples Of Customer-Focused Activities Involving Employees Message From Policy-Making Body Message From CEO Message From Department Head Customer-Focused Training for Supervisors, Operators, All Employees

15 The Lakatos Group ODOT 2006 Marketing Training February 23, 2006 Examples Of Customer-Focused Activities Involving Employees (contd) Periodic Visits by CEO or Dept Heads to Transfer Centers, Rail Stations, etc. Events to Build Employee Moral Allowing Employees to Make Customer-Focused Service Decisions

16 The Lakatos Group ODOT 2006 Marketing Training February 23, 2006 Examples Of Customer-Focused Activities Achieving Customer Satisfaction Service Guarantees Guaranteed ride Home Frequent Rider Discounts Frequent Rider Benefits Customer Bill of Rights

17 The Lakatos Group ODOT 2006 Marketing Training February 23, 2006 Effective Customer Service Is Really About… Sound diagnosis of present service levels Using excellent interpersonal and self- management skills Ongoing research into customer service and customer follow-up

18 The Lakatos Group ODOT 2006 Marketing Training February 23, 2006 Market Research in Transit Agencies… …most transit agencies do not know their market segments and are developing products and services without knowing what the market wants. 98% of private-sector firms do market segmentation research 80% of transit agencies do some market research 72% focus on customers only 20% do not obtain market research information Few agencies do market segmentation research 14% use market research in policy-making

19 The Lakatos Group ODOT 2006 Marketing Training February 23, 2006 Questions We Might Explore Do we know what our customers' number one expectation is? Do we consistently deliver it? Do we ask these questions at least every six months? Do we have marketing programs aimed at current customers? Are there additional products or services we can sell to our customers?

20 The Lakatos Group ODOT 2006 Marketing Training February 23, 2006 Questions We Might Explore (contd) Do our missions and visions include this focus on service? How do we ensure real benefits are being delivered both up and down the chain? Do our operating policies the way we deal with customers make them want to patronize our business time and time again? Do we strategize and plan for loyalty? Do we even have a specific plan for building customer loyalty?

21 The Lakatos Group ODOT 2006 Marketing Training February 23, 2006 Questions We Might Explore (contd) Do we know the top three reasons our customers leave? Do we have written customer care policies? Do all current and new employees know how you would like each of your customers to be treated? How you will measure whether or not your staff is handling clients appropriately? Are there additional products or services we can sell to our customers?

22 The Lakatos Group ODOT 2006 Marketing Training February 23, 2006 Questions We Might Explore (contd) Do we keep all the information we can on our customers and don't hesitate to use it to increase ridership and partnerships? Do we use complaints to build our business? Do we promptly follow up and resolve a customer's complaint? Do we treat these interactions as the ones that really matter? Do we handle these interactions with the same attention and focus that other business strategies receive?

23 The Lakatos Group ODOT 2006 Marketing Training February 23, 2006 Questions We Might Explore (contd) Do we regularly conduct satisfaction questionnaires? Do we reach out to our customers? Do they feel we are someone to help them? Are they aware of our accomplishments?

24 The Lakatos Group ODOT 2006 Marketing Training February 23, 2006 Questions We Might Explore (contd) Do we strategically focus on building loyal customers through a loyal workforce? Do we work to attract and retain those employees who interact with customers? Do we assign specific support persons to every significant customer? (If this is what the customer prefers) Do we tell our customers that their concerns can only be address through one specific channel or phone number? Do we offer employee incentive programs for employees who care for and retain customers?

25 The Lakatos Group ODOT 2006 Marketing Training February 23, 2006 Support corporate strategy to attain organizations goals Marketings Organizational Role

26 The Lakatos Group ODOT 2006 Marketing Training February 23, 2006 Overview Of The Strategic Planning Process Where Weve Been Where We Are Where We Want To Be How Well Get There Goal Setting The Strategic Plan Situational Analysis

27 The Lakatos Group ODOT 2006 Marketing Training February 23, 2006 Marketing Strategies The Means By Which An Organization Pursues Its Goals: Marketing Positions and Programs Measurable Valid Assumptions/Facts Simplicity Complete and Feasible Controllable and Flexible

28 The Lakatos Group ODOT 2006 Marketing Training February 23, 2006 Marketing Program A Plan Which Integrates An Organization's Marketing Mix Elements In Order To Define Their Product (Goods And/Or Services) Offering.

29 The Lakatos Group ODOT 2006 Marketing Training February 23, 2006 Generally Speaking, Marketing is said to Include The Management of The 4 P's Price Place Product Promotion

30 The Lakatos Group ODOT 2006 Marketing Training February 23, 2006 What Customers Must Do To Obtain The Product Or Service Price Setting the Basic Fare Structure Identifying Seasonal Price Offers Identifying Individual Discounts Special Event Activities Loss or gain in personal time, stress, image

31 The Lakatos Group ODOT 2006 Marketing Training February 23, 2006 Service Accessibility Quality of Service Delivery Designing and Maintaining Physical Facilities The Way The Product Reaches The Customer Place

32 The Lakatos Group ODOT 2006 Marketing Training February 23, 2006 What\is the problem your product solves? How does the consumer/community perceive the problem? How important do they feel it is to take action against the problem? A Continuum From Tangible Products (Bus Trips) To Intangible Ideas (Accessibility, Independence, Choices, Opportunity) Product

33 The Lakatos Group ODOT 2006 Marketing Training February 23, 2006 Advertising Personal Selling Publicity Coupons, media events, editorials, etc. Creating And Sustaining A Demand For The Product Promotion

34 The Lakatos Group ODOT 2006 Marketing Training February 23, 2006 Publics Partnership Policy Purse Strings Marketing A Social Service Includes Additional Ps

35 The Lakatos Group ODOT 2006 Marketing Training February 23, 2006 External Publics Target & secondary audiences Policymakers Key influencers Internal Publics Involved with approval or implementation of the program External & Internal Groups Critical To Success Publics

36 The Lakatos Group ODOT 2006 Marketing Training February 23, 2006 Who has similar goals? Identification of team efforts Synergistic Opportunities Required Of Complex Social Issues Partnerships

37 The Lakatos Group ODOT 2006 Marketing Training February 23, 2006 Needed policy changes Advocacy program Assuring A Supportive Environment Policy

38 The Lakatos Group ODOT 2006 Marketing Training February 23, 2006 Foundations, grants, donations Sources Of Funds Purse Strings

39 The Lakatos Group ODOT 2006 Marketing Training February 23, 2006 Each Element Of The Marketing Mix Product, Price, Place, Promotion, Publics, Partnership, Policy, & Purse Strings Should Be Considered In The Marketing Plan Research and evaluation elucidates and shapes final marketing decisions

40 The Lakatos Group ODOT 2006 Marketing Training February 23, 2006 The Marketing Plan A written document which identifies an organization's target market, specific marketing goals, the marketing program, the marketing budget, and the time line for the marketing program.

41 The Lakatos Group ODOT 2006 Marketing Training February 23, 2006 Short-range plans are for one year or less. Mid-range plans for two to five years -- both of these types of plans are usually quite detailed. Long-range plans cover periods of more than five years and can not be as detailed, or specific, as short and mid- range plans For most public transit systems, it is beneficial to form strategic marketing plans covering short-range, moderate- range, and long-range operations of the organization. Marketing Plans Vary With Respect To The Time Period Involved

42 The Lakatos Group ODOT 2006 Marketing Training February 23, 2006 Selected Examples of Marketing Objectives For Transit Organizations Create Consumer Awareness Provide Pertinent Information Improve Customer Understanding Induce Trial Ridership Increase Ridership Increase/Maintain Customer Loyalty Create Positive Associations Explain Organization's Viewpoint Counter Competitor/Critics Claims Increase Purchase Frequency Stabilize Ridership Demand Enhance Organization's Image Change Consumer Attitudes Alter Consumers' Behavior Introduce New Service(s) Establish Market Position Develop Name Recognition Accentuate Service Value Enhance Public Support Counter Negative Publicity Introduce New Facilities Fulfill Legal Requirements

43 The Lakatos Group ODOT 2006 Marketing Training February 23, 2006 Managing The Marketing Process


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