Presentation on theme: "Georgia’s Founding SS8H2a: The students will understand the importance of James Oglethorpe, charter of 1732, reasons for settlement, Tomochichi, Mary."— Presentation transcript:
1 Georgia’s FoundingSS8H2a: The students will understand the importance of James Oglethorpe, charter of 1732, reasons for settlement, Tomochichi, Mary Musgrove, and the city of Savannah
2 Bell Work Define the following vocabulary words in your journal: ProprietorRoyal ColonyMercantilismCharterTrusteeMilitia
3 Weekly Vocabulary Proprietors: an owner Royal Colony: a colony under the control of the king.Mercantilism: an economic policy in which a country exports more than it imports; colonies were expected to supply raw materials to the mother country.Charter: a legal document that grants special rights and sets up the rules under which something operatesTrustee: A person who holds responsibility and acts on behalf of others.Militia: A force of citizen-soldiers
4 Where we left off…..Hernado de Soto set up Spanish missions in Guale (Georgia).Problems arose between the Mississippian Indians in Georgia and the Spanish.Native American’s began to revolt, because they resented the Spanish for trying to end their traditions.
5 The downfall of Spanish missions The Indian population in Georgia began to decrease rapidly due to diseaseIndians from South Carolina would raid Georgia villages for Indians to sell them as slaves to new English settlers.STAND UP!
6 English ExplorationQueen ElizabethSir Walter RaleighJamestown
7 Jamestown Experience! Now its your turn to explore the America’s!
8 Carolinas Carolina had two separate areas of settlement. North was settled by small farmers moving down from VASouth was settled by planters from the English sugar colony of Barbados.Set up plantationsEventually both colonies became royal colonies.
9 Bell Work What type of climate does Georgia have? Arctic B. Temperate C. Tropical D. Desert2. What river is the natural border between Georgia and South Carolina?Savannah R. B. Chattahoochee C. OcmulgeeProprietor is another name for _________.Owner B. King C. Prisoner D. Royalty4. Name two reasons the Spanish missions failed?
10 “The Virginia Company” lyrics In sixteen hundred seven We sail the open sea For glory, God, and gold And The Virginia Company For the New World is like heaven And we'll all be rich and free Or so we have been told By The Virginia CompanyFor glory, God and gold And The Virginia CompanyOn the beaches of Virginny There's diamonds like debris There's silver rivers flow And gold you pick right off a treeWith a nugget for my Winnie And another one for me And all the rest'll go To The Virginia Company It's glory, God and gold And The Virginia Company
11 James OglethorpeA philanthropist (gives money away to charity) decided to ask King George II for land.He presented three reasons to the king.Credited for the founding of GEORGIA!!!!!
13 Bell Work1. Which Native American culture were the first to create horticulture…Paleo B. Woodland C. Mississippian D. Archaic2. One way rivers are important to Georgia is:Drinking Water B. Recreation C. Electricity D. All the above3. Two types of Wetlands are:Swamps and Marshes B. Swamps and Aquifers C. Both A&B4. One of the reasons the Georgia colony was established was:A. To find gold B. to spread ChristianityC. Military Defense D. to take Indian Land
14 1. Charity Georgia would take deserving poor from England. Georgia would take people who were persecuted for being Protestants, living in Catholic areas, and give them a new start.
15 2. Military DefenseGeorgia would be a “buffer” between South Carolina and Spanish Florida.Having colonists in Georgia would make it more difficult for Spain to attack South Carolina.South Carolina at the time was a very successful colony and produced a lot of rice.
16 3. EconomicGeorgia, because of its location, was believed to have ideal conditions to be able to grow plants that England could not grow.Silk (Mulberry trees)GrapesOlivesIdea of Mercantilism
18 Bell Work: 9/15/2011 1. ____________ is the founder of Georgia. A. Hernado de Soto B. Robert Castell C. James Oglethorpe D. George II2. 44 out of the 114 colonists were __________, because trustees thought they would bring stability to the colony.A. Men B. Children C. Women D. All of the above3. All males coming to the colony of Georgia had to agree to be apart of the ___________ so Georgia could defend its territory from Spanish Florida?A. Middlemen B. Militia C. Explorers D. Merchants4. Which religious group would get to come to Georgia based on charity?Protestants B. Catholics C. Jews D. Muslims5. How many acres of land would colonists get for coming to the colony of Georgia?B C D. 25
19 Charter of 1732Class Work:Work Book pg. 39Textbook pg 191
20 Stand up and name one fact about the Charter of 1732 What did you learn?Stand up and name one fact about the Charter of 1732
21 “Most delightful Country of the Universe” Newspapers in London sold the idea of a land with mild temperatures and rich soils that promised a new life.Trustees gave each male who came to Georgia as a charity colonist 50 acres of land to farm, farming tools, and a year’s supply of food.Each male citizen citizen also had to be prepared to serve in a militia.WHY?
22 Georgia’s Charter Under the rules and regulations of the colony: The colony belonged to the Crown, so the trustees couldn’t pass any laws unless the king agreed.The trustees were not allowed to own land, hold political office, or be given money for their work.No Catholics, blacks, liquor dealers, and lawyers could become colonists.No Catholics because of the division of the Church of England and the Catholic churchNo blacks to avoid slavery in the colonyNo lawyers because they wanted to settle their differences out of court and didn’t think lawyers would allow them to do this.
23 Voyage of Ship AnnDocked in Charleston, SC in 1733
24 Mary MusgroveOglethorpe knew upon arrival in Charleston he needed to make peace with the Yamacraw Indians.He found an interpreter named Mary Musgrove to help him communicate with the Yamacraw Indians.
25 James Oglethorpe and Tomochichi Chief Tomochichi led the Yamacraw Indians.After talking with Oglethorpe, Yamacraw allowed Oglethorpe and passengers on the Ship Ann to land on Yamacraw Bluff overlooking the Savannah River.
26 Assignment Create your own “Georgia Colonist Application” Must have at least 3 to 4 specific questions about the requirements needed to be a Georgia colonist.On the application you need to put a note of who could not even apply to come to the new worldOn the back of the application write down three facts about the founding of Georgia once the colonists arrived in Charleston, S.CPages 191, 192, 193
27 Bell Work 9/16 Write the Question and answer. James Oglethorpe and the Georgia colonists took the voyage to Charles Town, SC on Ship __________.An economic policy in which a country exports more than it imports is called _____________.The women who James Oglethorpe used as an interpreter with the Yamacraw Indians.The chief of the Yamacraw Indians.The Bluff on which the colony of Georgia was founded.One group that was not allowed to go to the Georgia colony.A. Mary Musgrove B. TomochichiC. Yamacraw Bluff D. Catholics
28 Bell Work 9/20/2011 Pacifist Ally Indentured Servants Malcontents This week’s standard:Look up the following vocabulary words:SS8H2a: Students will analyze the importance of the City of SavannahSS8H2b: Students will analyze the role of the Slazburgers, the Highland Scotts, the malcontents, the Spanish threat from Florida.PacifistAllyIndentured ServantsMalcontents
29 Vocabulary ListPacifist: believed that any kind of violence or fighting was wrong.Ally: a person, group, or country who joins with another for a common interest.Indentured Servant: a person who sold his or her labor for a period of years in return for passage to the New World and support during the period of servitude.Malcontents: a complainer; one who is not happy with the Georgia colony rules
31 City of SavannahWas built based on a pattern that Robert Castell had designed.A city planned around open squares
32 City of Savannah had 24 squares. Today 22 remain.
33 Layout of Savannah Town Court Five Acre Plots to Farm Wooden Stocks CourthouseTown CourtColonist HousesMill and OvenStorehouseSavannah River
34 Bell Work 9/21/20111. The oldest known Native American culture in North America was the?Paleo b. Mississippian c. Archaic d. Woodland2. Why did Hernado de Soto explore much of Georgia in 1540?Large gold deposits c. to build forts and missionsTo find fountain of youth d. to find a passage to Asia from Europe3. The first permanent Spanish settlement in the New World was established at?Jamestown b. Los Angeles c. St. Augustine d. Yamacraw4. Name the founder of the Georgia colony?
36 Life in the Georgia Colony Women spent their days:Men spent their days:Clearing landBuilding small homesCultivating cropsPlanting and tending to the family gardensMilked cows and raised chickensPreparing family mealsMade and mended clothingCleaned homesTook care of children
37 Georgia StoriesWrite down five additional facts about early life in the Georgia Colony.
38 Creative Writing Homework Pretend you are a colonist in Savannah. Write two journal entries on the life in the colony. Journal entries should be two paragraphs for each entry. (4 to 5 sentences in a paragraph). Your facts need to be stapled to your journal entries.One from the perspective of a femaleOne from the perspective of a maleAssignment due on Thursday September 22nd, 2011Rubric_________ Spelling/Grammar (20 pts)_________ Assignment completed on time (20 pts)_________ 3 female roles are included in the journal entry (30 pts)_________ 2 male roles are included in the journal entry (30 pts)
39 Bell Work 9/22/2011 1. The location of the highest point in Georgia? Appalachian Mountain B. Brasstown Bald C. Cumberland Plateau2. ______ is known as the “carpet capital of the world”.Dalton B. Darien C. Macon D. Atlanta3. This region features the Okefenokee Swamp.Coastal Plains B. Piedmont C. Blue Ridge Mountains4. The ______ river forms the barrier between Georgia and Alabama.Chattahoochee B. Savannah C. Ocmulgee D. Altamaha5. Name one way rivers are important to Georgia?6. Name the chief of the Yamacraw Indian tribes?7. What is the first city established in Georgia?
40 Group ActivityIn the Spring of 1734 James Oglethorpe went back to England to report back to the other trustees in England. As Oglethorpe made his return back to Savannah he also brought back with him three new approved laws by the British government for the Georgia colony.*In your groups you will research the three laws that Oglethorpe brought back to Georgia and write them on the paper provided.*Your group will also hold a “town hall” meeting with the members of your group to discuss your opinions on these rules as if you were the colonists who had to follow them.