2 1. Popular Sovereignty People are the source of gov’t power Key aspect of democracy
3 2. FederalismA type of government in which powers are divided between the national and state governmentsEnumerated powersNational governmentReserved powersState governments
4 3. Limited GovernmentThough the states saw the need for a Central Government (Federalism), they did not want all the power to leave the people (Popular Sovereignty) or the states.Created gov’t in which the power of the government is limited
5 4. Separation of PowersEach branch of government has its own responsibilitiesMeant to keep any branch from gaining too much power
6 Legislative Branch Makes the laws Created and given powers by Article I of the ConstitutionMade up of the Senate and House of Representatives, together called CongressPower to collect taxes, declare war, and coin moneyElastic clause lets Congressstretch its powers to meetsituations the Founders couldhave never anticipated
7 Executive Branch Carries out the laws of Congress Created and given powers by Article II of the ConstitutionHeaded by the PresidentMade up of 15 department and several agenciesPresident isCommander-in-chiefof military
8 Judicial Branch Interprets the law Created and given power by Article III of the ConstitutionHeaded by the Supreme CourtMade up by a system of lowers courts
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