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Six Principles of American Government. 1. Popular Sovereignty People are the source of gov t power Key aspect of democracy.

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Presentation on theme: "Six Principles of American Government. 1. Popular Sovereignty People are the source of gov t power Key aspect of democracy."— Presentation transcript:

1 Six Principles of American Government

2 1. Popular Sovereignty People are the source of gov t power Key aspect of democracy

3 2. Federalism A type of government in which powers are divided between the national and state governments Enumerated powers National government Reserved powers State governmentsState governments

4 3. Limited Government Though the states saw the need for a Central Government (Federalism), they did not want all the power to leave the people (Popular Sovereignty) or the states. Created gov t in which the power of the government is limited

5 4. Separation of Powers Each branch of government has its own responsibilities Meant to keep any branch from gaining too much power

6 Legislative Branch Makes the laws Created and given powers by Article I of the Constitution Made up of the Senate and House of Representatives, together called Congress Power to collect taxes, declare war, and coin money Elastic clause lets Congress stretch its powers to meet situations the Founders could have never anticipated

7 Executive Branch Carries out the laws of Congress Created and given powers by Article II of the Constitution Headed by the President Made up of 15 department and several agencies President is Commander-in-chief of military

8 Judicial Branch Interprets the law Created and given power by Article III of the Constitution Headed by the Supreme Court Made up by a system of lowers courts

9 5. Checks and Balances

10 6. Judicial Review Power of the Supreme Court to declare laws and/or acts unconstitutional Marbury v. Madison


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