Presentation on theme: "It touches almost every aspect of who and what we are"— Presentation transcript:
1It touches almost every aspect of who and what we are CultureIt touches almost every aspect of who and what we are
2Culture OrientationHave you ever experienced culture shock?
3What is culture? Culture The language, beliefs, values, norms, behaviors, even material objects that are passed from one generation to the nextWho has traveled somewhere and seen different cultures based on this definition?
4Material vs. Non-material Material culture: jewelry, art, buildings, weapons, utensils, machines, hairstyles, clothingNon-material culture: a group’s way of thinking (including beliefs, values, and other assumptions about the world) and doing (it's common patterns of behavior, including language and other forms of interaction)
5Material vs. Non-material How do the two distinguish culture, please provide me with a few examples!
6Establishment of culture Culture comes to us at a very early age and acquire it without consciousIt creates assumptions about social life in context to others’ culturesCreates the “way things ought to be” ideaExamples might include hygiene, eye contact, personal space, etc.
7Culture ShockCulture shock emerges when non-material culture fails one’s selfStory example of the author being taller and pushing to buy tickets and felt bad about it
8EthnocentrismTendency to use one’s own culture as a yardstick for judging the ways of other individual or societies.It generally leads to a negative evaluation of their values, norms, and behaviors leading to discriminationOn the positive side, it can create in-group loyalties
9Cultural Shock Exercise Listen to the following excerpt on the arrival of the Hmong and answer the question for your consideration after
10Cultural Relativism Culture is deeply rooted It is by definition: not judging a culture but trying to understand it on its own termsBullfighting in Spain example
11Culture Diversity Exercise You are what you eat!
12Symbolic Culture Symbols help us attach meaning ABC’s, 123’s Include gestures,values, norms,sanctions, folkwaysand more
13Gestures Using your body to convey messages hand and body gestures have different meanings in different culturesBy show of hands, how many of you are left-handed?What about the “A-OK” sign… what does that mean?
14LanguageSymbols the can be combined in an infinite number of ways for the purpose of communicating abstract thoughtLanguage allows culture to exist!Consider the following…
15Language (cont.) It allows human experience to be cumulative Builds on experiences and modify behaviors in light of past generationsWithout language we would not be any more advanced then by grunts and gestures
16Norms and ValuesValues are ideas of what is desirable in life and by which people define what is good and badThey guide our choicesThe golden rule is universalWhat other values are universal?
17NormsNorms are used to describe expectations that develop out of a groups’ normsSanctions help show expressions of approval or disapproval for following or breaking normsHomework and MAT…
19Subcultures What condition is this doctor describing?? [It accompanies] diaphragmatic pleurisy, pneumonia, uremia, or alcoholism…Abdominal causes include disorders of the stomach, and esophagus, bowel diseases, pancreatitis, pregnancy, bladder irritation, hepatic metastases, or hepatitis. Thoracic and mediastinal lesions, or surgery may be responsible. Posterior fossa tumors or infarcts my stimulate centers of the medulla oblongata.
20SubculturesHiccups!Definition of subculture is the values and related behaviors of a group that distinguish its members from the larger culture, a world within a world