Presentation on theme: "Cherokee Nation v. Georgia 1831. President Thomas Jefferson encouraged Indian people to adopt white ways, the Cherokees were the most involved in the."— Presentation transcript:
Cherokee Nation v. Georgia 1831
President Thomas Jefferson encouraged Indian people to adopt white ways, the Cherokees were the most involved in the white way of life. o Farming o Businesses o Grain and lumber mills o Black slaves
Cherokee Nation v. Georgia 1831 In the 1820s the legislatures of Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi voted to invalidate treaties allowing special self- governing status to Indian lands. Since the federal government was responsible for Indian policy, this caused a problem to federal authority, but the resisting states had presidential support. President Andrew Jackson pushed for the U.S. Congress to pass the Indian Removal Act which allowed state officials to override federal protection of Native Americans. Jackson sent federal officials to negotiate removal treaties, which most of the southern tribes signed except the Cherokees. They fought against their removal by using the law.
Cherokee Nation v. Georgia 1831 John Ross- Cherokee Chief William Wirt- Attorney general defending Cherokee John Marshall- Chief Justice The Cherokee Nation wanted a federal injunction against laws passed by the state of Georgia for not permitting them their given rights. The Supreme Court did not hear the case and ruled that it had no original jurisdiction, the Cherokee were a dependent nation with the United States.
CHEROKEE NATION v. GEORGIA 1831 Court ruled the Cherokee were not a sovereign nation, but a dependent one. Had no standing to bring a lawsuit to the Supreme Court. (no original jurisdiction) DID have a right to their land. Georgia ignored the ruling.